Rules on Right Form of Verbs

 Look at the following chart

Simple PresentAlways, often, sometimes,  regularly, usually, normally, occasinally, generally, daily, everyday, universal truth, habitual factSimple PastAs soon as, previous, once, ago, long ago, long since, yesterday, the day before yesterday, last night, last month, last week, last yearSimple FutureComing, ensuing, tomorrow, next, next day/ next week/ next month/ next year, the day/ week/ month/ year to come
Present  ContinuousNow, now a days, at this time, at this moment, day by day, stillPast  ContinuousThen, at that time, at this moment, whileFuture Continuous
Present PerfectAlready, recently, lately, just , just now, yet, everPast PerfectAfter, before, no sooner had, scarcely had, hardly hadFuture PerfectBy+time, by this time, by that time, in the mean time
Present Perfect ContinuousSince(+time), for (+number), how longPast Perfect ContinuousFuture Perfect Continuous 

Rules on Correct uses of verbs

1.       Rules on voice4. Preposition
2.       Rules on tense5. Relative pronoun
3.       Conditional sentences6. Sentence–Simple/complex/compound

What you should remember before starting to right form of verbs

  1. Sentence — Active/Passive
  2. Which tense
  3. Subject — Singular/Plural

1. Rules on voices

To be verb + verb3
A book fair (hold) some months ago. It (need) in our country. Shovon has (expel) from the examination hall. The bird (kill) on the ship last week. Cricket (play) all over the world.  English (speak) all over the world. This pen (give) to me yesterday. The book (steal) yesterday. The school was (close) for sine die. It (introduce) first in Germany. A Bonsai tree (shape) carefully to remain small. The plant (take) out for its’ original pot. One-third of its root (take) cut off. Bonsai (classify) in two ways. Skate boarding (do) on concrete. Wires (use) to force the plant to grow. A lot of soil is (need) for Bonsai. Outdoor and household works (do) by both husbands and wives. Their food chain is also (affect) by the use of chemicals. Acquiring a language (believe) to be more lasting. English (use) as a first language. The name of our country (change) from Burma to Myanmar. The boys (send) to school yesterday. Women were (segregate) from society. Carbon di-oxide (produce) by the burning of fossil fuels and forests. A wide disintegration has (find) large kin-groups. The sky (overcast) with cloud. A Bonsai plant (not allow) to grow too high. Snowboarding (do) on snow.The work could (finish). The device may (use). It may (call) implicit learning. Recreational activities can (divide) into two types. Woody plants can (grow) as bonsai. Kinship is going to (decline) from developing countries. It might (develop) in two ways. It will (stop). Parents ought to (respect). The shop is going to (close). Walking should (form) as a habit. It should (remember). It can (regard) as the most useful thing. The programme will (start) soon. He must (take) to a hospital. The thief may (arrest).

2. Rules on Tense

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A. Simple Present Tense

a. Sub + main verb + s/es + ext ( if subject 3rd person singular number)

Person: I/We=1st person, You=2nd person, Rest of all=3rd person

Singular subject: unseen/uncountable/distance/money/time/weight/volume

verb+o/x/z/ss/sh/ch + es    Otherwise  verb+s   

verb+y =verb+ies                but             vowel+y =verb+s   

b. Generally, normally, regularly, usually, occasionally, daily, everyday, often, sometimes, always (if no time is mentioned)

c. Modal auxiliary + verb1 (Active voice)

d. universal truth (চিরন্তন সত্য), habitual fact (অভ্যাসগত কর্ম

e. Feel, love, hear, like, hate, see, forget, consist, seem, sound, smell, believe, know, wish, doubt, prefer, imagine, fear, taste, astonish, please, understand are normally used in Simple present tense.

The moon (shine) at night. Ice (float) on water. He (carry) an umbrella with him. She (sing) a song.  He always (disturb) the class. Rahim normally (take) his meal at 9 am. A good boy (prepare) his lesson regularly. Rana (go) to school daily. She often (sing) Tagore song. It (dew) in winter. A good boy (prepare) his lessons regularly. Nazim (speak) English well. Lila (play) ludu. The sun (rise) in the east. We (play) Ha-du-du. She (write) a letter. The baby (cry). Man (try) curious to know different things. He (want) to discover the things. It (develop) our body. It (refresh) our mind. Your friend (talk-talks) too much. The man with the roses (look) like your brother. The women in the pool (swims) well. Billal (drive) a cab. The football players (runs) five miles every day. That red-haired lady in the hat (live) across the street. He (cook) dinner for his family. The boys (walks) to school every day. The weather on the coast (appear) to be good this weekend.Rumi may (came) tomorrow. Sojib could (done) the sum. Rajib should (taken) care of you. Robin ought to (loved) his youngers. Asif dare to (said) so. You had better (go) home. You must (did) the work. Kakoli could (playing) football well. I can (played) it. Everybody should (respected) his parents.  It may (rained) today. We should not (led) a lazy life. We should (built) up our country. Students must not (neglected) time. We should (following) them. You can (to differ) their patterns and designs. Regular practices can (ensured) your better performance. The government should (encouraged) people to donate blood. Students should (minimized) the period of using a computer.

B. Simple Past Tense

a. Yesterday, ago, last, once, long since, previous, one day

b. It is time/high time + Simple Past 

c. Lest+sub+might/should+verb1

d. If/I wish/I fancy/Would that (unreal past) ………….. Sub + could/would + Main verb

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     If/I wish/I fancy/Would that (unreal past) ………….. Sub + were (to be verb)

e. Main Clause টি Simple Past  হলে এবং পরের অংশে  next day, next week, next month, next year ইত্যাদি উল্লেখ থাকলে  Subject + would/should + verb 1

Adnan (play) computer games yesterday. Sajin (see) her once. I (make) a century last week. I (take) it to him ago. I (meet) her long since. I (get) the parcel last month. He (die) last night. Esa (go) to college yesterday. Once he (fought) with the British forces. I (see) a movie yesterday. I (not see) a play yesterday. Last year, I (travel) to Japan. Last year, I (not travel) to Korea. Did you (to have) dinner last night?  She (wash) her car long since. He (not wash) his car long since.
It is high time I (give) up my bad habits. It is time the authority (take) necessary steps. It is high time we (meet) in a secure place. It is time we (discuss) about our problems. It is high time you (leave) the place. It is time we (change) bad habits. It is time you (finish) a course on English language. It is high time we (start) from the place. It’s high time Mizan (get) a real job. It’s high time you (start) looking after your body. It is high time he (pay) her money for rent. It’s high time you (get) the car repaired. It’s high time we (buy) a new car. It’s high time you (think) about it.
Read attentively lest you (fail) in the final examination. He went away lest you (see) him. He will return fast lest he (fall) in danger. The officer was sympathetic to the boy lest he (go) away. The housewives are very conscious about the maid-servants lest they (leave) them. Hurry up lest you (miss) the train. She started saving money lest she (fall) in danger. Walk fast lest you (miss) the class. Study hard lest you (fail) in the final examination. They build a house lest they (live) under the open sky. The old man walks slowly lest he (fall) down. They ran hurriedly lest they (miss) the class. Go to the bank with the cheque lest you (fail) to cash your cheque. He walked fast lest you (get) drenched. He walks slowly lest he (miss) the natural beauty. Read diligently lest you (fail) to materialize your dream. Read attentively lest you. Sumi reads attentively lest she (fail) in the exam.  The old man is walking carefully lest he (stumble).
I wish I (visit) them. I wish I (visit) this place. I wish I (stand) first. I wish I (enter) the palace. I wish I (visit) the place. I wish I (meet) you once again.  I wish I (see) her once. I wish I (know) this before. Would that I (have) the power of the superman!I wish I (be) a child again. I wish I (be) a minister. I wish I (be) a bird. I wish I (be) a child again. I wish I (be) a philosopher like Socrates. I wish I (be) a bird.  I wish I (be) a child. If I (be) a bird! If I (be) a child again! If I (be) the President of Bangladesh! I wish I (be) rich.
He said that he (go) home the next day. He told that he (come) here the next year. He said that he (buy) a new TV the next day. She said that she (sell) her land the next month. The man said that he (go) to London the next day. I thought that I (inform) you the next day. I expected that I (play) the next day. She hoped that she (join) the function the next day. They supposed that they (complain) the next day. I knew that she (fail) the nex exam. He imagined that I (left) the place the next year.

C. Present Continuous Tense

a. Now, day by day, at this moment, at present

He (sing) a song now. They (watch) TV at this moment. We (develop) day by day. You (do) now.  Nipa (play) ludu at this moment. Mother (cook) food now. The farmer (cultivate) his land now. They (work) in the garden at this moment. Now the students (sing) the national anthem. At this moment they (read). You (learn) English now. You (not swim) now. Are you (sleep) at this moment? I (sit) here now. I (not stand). Is he (sit) or standing?  They are (read) their books. They (not watch) television. What are you (do)? Why aren’t you (do) your homework?

D. Past Continuous Tense

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a. While + Past continuous tense

b. While + verb1 + ing

While (read), I was called. While (walk), she tripped over a stone. While (do) the sum, he faced some problems. While (talk), you are feeling nervous. While (come) from there, I met with Badhon. While (walk) in the garden, a snake bit him. While (sleep) in his room, he dreamt a nice dream. To stand further away from each other while (talk) seems unfriendly, to them.While I (read), I was called. While she (walk), she tripped over a stone. While he (do) the sum, he faced some problems. While you (talk), you are feeling nervous. While I (come) from there, I met with Badhon. While it (rain), I was going to college. My uncle arrived while she (cook) the dinner.

E. Present Perfect Tense

a. Already, recently, lately, just, just now, ever, yet

b. have/ has/ had/ to be/ having/ being + verb3

Ruble has (do) the job. We have (make) Rifat captain. I had (see) him. Mim has (show) some documents. Shejuti had (sleep) a lot today. Having (finish) my meal, I went out. Anne wanted the picture to be (hang) on the wall. Being (depress), he came to me at last. The sun having (rise), we started for Dhaka. It is being (continue). The work is to be (do) immediately. Alamin has (do) his home work. The war had (bring) great misery. Computer has (bring) about a revolutionary change. He has (appreciation) her beauty. Life in Kenya is going to be (modernize). If the sea level rises abnormally, we have reason to be (worry). Alim doesn’t seem to be (bother). The Space Station is expected to be (completion) by the year 2006.
I (meet) him recently. You already (complete) your work. He (go) out just now. I just (receive) your mail. I (see) her yet. Siam (see) him recently. Efty (go) out just now. 8. Anne already (reach) home. I have ever (be) to Dhaka. She just (start) a business. They already (shift) their furniture. Anis lately (marry) his daughter off. I (see) that movie twenty times. I have (meet) him once before. There have (to be) many earthquakes in California. People have (travel) to the Moon. People (not travel) to Mars.  Have you (read) the book yet?  Nobody has ever (climb) that mountain.  Has there ever (be) a war in the United States?

F. Present perfect continuous Tense= Since (point of time)/for (period of time)

                                                           = reference of time

I (study) in this school for five years. Borna (watch) the movie since morning. I (try) this sum for two hours. Wasim (operate) facebook since noon. You (write) a letter for the last half an hour.  Shimu (work) for two hours. Shamima (read) since morning. We (live) in Dhaka since 1986. It (rain) since morning. They (talk) for the last hour. She (work) at that company for three years. What have you been (do) for the last 30 minutes?  James has been (teach) at the university since June. We (wait) here for over two hours.  Why has Nantu not been (take) her medicine for the last three days?

G. Past Perfect Tense

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a. Past Perfect tense + before + Simple past

Simple past + after + Past Perfect tense

b. Simple Present + since/as if/as though +Simple Past

Present Perfect+ since/as if/as though +Simple Past

 Simple Past+ since/as if/as though +Past perfect tense

c. No sooner had+ sub+ verb3+ext+than+ sub+verb2

Hardly had+ sub+ verb3+ext+when/before+sub+verb2

Scarcely had+ sub+ verb3+ext+when+sub+verb2

It (rained) before I took shelter under a tree. I (reach) there before he phoned me. I (break) a glass before he entered the room. I had memorized the rules before he (call) me. The patient (died) before I called a doctor. The patient (die) before the doctor came. The doctor (come) before the patient came. We (reach) our school before the bell rang. The patient had died before the doctor (come).The patient died after the doctor (come). I called her after I (take) my breakfast. I arrived after the sun (set). He slapped me after he (asked) me saying a fool. He revealed the truth after people (gather) there. The police came to the sport after the accident (took) place. The train (left) after they had reached the station. Ripa went there after I (return) home. They arrived the station after the train (leave).
It is long time since we (talk). It has been long time since we (meet). He acted as if I (suggested). I behaved as if I (know) everything. He treated me as if he (be) the Prime-Minister. He speaks as if he (be) the owner of the farm. Rani speaks as if she (know) everything. He speaks as if he (be) the owner of the farm. The man speaks as though he (be) a leader. The man spoke as if he (be) a landlord. The man speaks as though he (be) a rich man. He speaks as if he (be) the President of Bangladesh. The man spoke as though he (be) a leader. The man speaks as if he (be) a landlord. Wasim speaks as if he (be) the President. It is many years since he (go) abroad. It is twenty years since I (see) him last. Two years have passed since I (see) him last. It is many years since I (come) to Dhaka. Many years have passed since I (come) to Dhaka. It was twenty years since he first (meet) her. It was many years since he (go) abroad. Two years passed since I (see) him last. It was many years since I (come) to Dhaka. Many years passed since his mother (die).

3. Conditional sentences: The sentence that begins with if known as conditional sentence.

Remember, had, were, in case, unless, provided, provided that, providing that can be used instead of If.

Zero conditionalIf + Simple present + Simple present
First conditionalIt is possible and very likely that the condition will be fulfilled.If + Simple present , sub + shall/will/can/may + verb1 + ext.
Second conditionalIt is possible but very unlikely, that the condition will be fulfilled.If + Simple past , sub + would/could/might+ verb1 + ext.Or, Were I a bird, I would fly at large.Or, Had I enough money, I would start a business.
Third conditionalIt is impossible that the condition will be fulfilled.If +past perfect, sub + would/could/might+have+verb3+ext.Or, Had I seen her before, I would have disclosed the truth.
If I invite you, you (come). If it rains, I (not go) to school. If I want, he (give) me. If they ask, he (disclose). If I (see) him, I will call him. If you run in the rain, you (catch) cold. If you work hard, you (prosper) in life. Memory will not go out if it (rain). If you finish the work in time, you (get) a prize. If they come, I (be) happy. If you write the letter, I (post) it. If it (rain), I will not go to play. If he reads attentively, he (pass). If it rains, I (go) to the park. If I study today, I (go) to the party tonight. If I have enough money, I(buy) some new shoes. She (be) late if the train is delayed. She (miss) the bus if she doesn’t leave soon. If I see her, I (tell) her.If her uncle (arrives), I would meet him. If I (know) her phone number, I would call her. If I got a student visa, I (get) a great chance to study abroad. If I (am) a king, I would help the poor. If you (come) here, I would give you the news. If he studied regularly and seriously, he (do) well in the examination. If I were a king, I (help) the poor.  If he requested me, I (go) there.  If they tried, they (succeed). If I were a bird, I (fly). If he came, I (go). If I had enough money, I (set) up a hospital. If you tried, you (do) it. If I had extra books, I (lend) him. If I had the wings of a Dove, I (fly) to you. If he had studied very seriously, he (make) a bright result. If she had not missed the interview, she (get) the job. If I had had your number, I (call) you but I had forgotten it. I (order) a taxi if you had told me. I would not have said that if I (have) there. Had I the wings of a bird, I (fly) like a bird. If I had been a rich man, I (help) the poor. Had I been a rich man, I (help) the poor. We would have come, if he (invite) us.

4. Preposition

a.  preposition + verb1 + ing

b. to + verb1

c. with a view to/look forward to/get used to/addicted to/habituated to/cannot help/could not help + verb1 + ing

He is capable of (do) so. Mukti refrained me from (go). Ritu is bent upon (do) the work. Imon was selected for (perform) the drama. Israk opposed the idea without (hear). Tahani had never thought of (go) there. After (do) the work I will go out. Rina is busy in (do) her home work. He is now engaged in (read). He plays an important role in (build) up an educated nation. By (take) higher education, they are becoming genius. I can understand Nazneen’s problems about (live) in a large family. There are two ways of (develop) competence in a language. They feel more comfortable in following people instead of (take) the lead. Learning a language is like (ride) a cycle. You learn to communicate effectively by (use) a language. You can learn to speak only by (speak). You can learn to speak only by (listen). They are so interested in (spent) their free time effectively. Bonsai is the art of (grow) trees and other plants. The power of (use) language is important. This is useful for (study) magnetic and electrical fields. Sports are a popular form of (spend) leisure. It made his family think again about the wisdom of (let) him loose in England alone. It goes without (say) that courtesy costs nothing but gives a lot. He wants to (sold) his property. Farmers work hard to (grew) crops. I tried hard to (solved) the problem.  She expected me to (coming). You selected me to (performed). We have come here to (see) his ailing mother. He is able to (held) the attention. It is not wise to (wasted) time. Sakib might (late). He wanted to (narration) the fact.  English helps to (communicative) across national borders. They wanted to (learnt) how to ride a bicycle. Women began to (contribution) family income. Women started to (influence) family affairs. Women started to (joining) the workforce. In order to (material) your dream, you need determine and efforts.He went to London with a view to (earn) money. I always look forward to (receive) letter from you. I am get used to (recite) the Quran every day. Once I was addicted to (drink) wine. He came to my house with a view to (meet) me. Farhana is looking forward to (get) your reply. They become addicted to (take) drugs. We went there with a view to (see) the sea shore. We adopt unfair means with a view to (achieve) their objectives.

5. Relative pronoun

Re = back

Lative= Relation

Relative pronoun (who, which, that, what, whom, whose) placed before an adjective clause connects a clause or phrase to a noun or pronoun. 
Relative Pronoun + verb (according to the noun/pronoun before Relative Pronoun)
He is the man who (avoid) me. This is the dog which (bite) me yesterday. It is you who (be) a doctor. My brother who (study) in university, is so meritorious. I know her who (sing) so sweetly. Patriotism implies those qualities which (make) a man noble. Student life is that part of life which (spend) in receiving education. It is I who (comparison) you to an ass. Maria, who (loves) gardening, can’t grow anything. There is even an association that (conduct) research on leisure activities. Patriotism implies those qualities which (make) a man noble. He is the man who (give) shape to the concept and design of the Shaheed Minar. Rokeya is a Bangladeshi girl who (be) about to finish school. A society which (enslave) its women is sure to lag behind. It is education which (help) to adopt a rational attitude.

6. Sentence

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A. Simple sentences with two or more verbs

Simple sentenceOne clause (One Principal clause)
Sub + finite verb (nonfinite verb)
Without FANBOYS and subordinating conjunction

a. If it expresses purpose, use to+ verb1 as nonfinite verb

b. If subject does the action of verb , use verb+ing as nonfinite verb

c. If subject does not do the action of verb , use verb3 as nonfinite verb

d. If the first verb of a sentence are get, make, want, become, use verb3 as nonfinite verb

e. If the first verb of a sentence are let or help, use verb1 as nonfinite verb

We study hard (made) excellent results. They come here (enjoyed) themselves. He wants to be a doctor (served) people. The farmers work hard (supported) themselves. We work hard (attained) success. I sow good seeds (got) good crops. He works hard (improve) his result. We work hard (earned) money. He lent some money from the bank (bought) a car. She hoped (won) the first prize.I observed him (write) an essay. He saw me (play) cricket. They reached the place (run) after the thief. I noticed him (play) Ludu. The saw me (watch) TV. Mitu could not help (help) the poor. Toma saw him (go). He saw the boy (play) in the field. I heard him (speak). He helps me (make) the house. We cannot help (learn) English. It helps a man (build) up a pure character. The girl came to me (dance). We heard them (cry). The old sailor saw the water snake (swim) round the ship. The police noticed the thief (steal) the money. I heard my mother (call) me. The children came to me (run). Jerry saw the authoress (write) something. Size doesn’t matter (chop) wood. She likes (travel). My teacher stopped me (say) so.A good teacher discovers the treasure (hide) inside each student. The book (write) by me is informative. People (affect) with arsenicosis die ultimately. People (addict) to gambling lose everything. Education (impart) to students is high standard. The answer (write) by him was not correct. The cars (make) in Japan last long. The tea (import) from Srilanka is qualitative. The pen (present) to you is fantastic. The house (decorat) with lights looks beautiful.I wanted the article (publish) in the newspaper. Even the oceans are getting (pollute). I wanted my supper (cook). I got it (do) by Arman. Watching the movie, Nishu became (bore). It makes me so (frustrate). I wanted the article (publish) in the newspaper. Joti got the house (paint). Adnan got the work (do). Rumi got the chair (break). You often get (annoy) at their ways and shout at them. The entertainment business is getting (westernize) day by day.

B. Compound sentences

Two clauses of  Compound sentences follow the same tense
I went to market and (buy) some DVD. You received an email and (make) a quick reply. She will join the function and (deliver) her lecture. They made a cricket team and (play) with others team. I have met with him and (ask) his whereabouts. It ennobles one’s character and (give) one high position in society. We (to stand) in front of the graves and bow down our head. He (fill) the pitcher and went out. Eva lost her balance and (fall) into the river. He (find) a mad dog and injected some weak germs. Fatima was slender and (master) the art. Many women were present there and all of them (weep) to hear the news. There (be) many students and they all shouted. I bought some interesting novels and I (present) them to my sister. Smoking (cause) cancer and this is well known. He (to be) a thief and we suspect it. The matter (to be) easy and I understood it. The man saw the tiger and (go) away. The dog lay close to him and (find) comfort there. I (take) a cabin and asked for man to chop wood. The door was opened and Jims (step) in. He (speak) very fast and we could not follow him.
  1. Re-write the following sentences with the right forms of the verbs given in the bracket.
  2. She (read) a magazine then.
  3. Bulbul (walk) from door to door every morning.
  4. I am good at (play) football and drawing.
  5. I was (go) to school with my father.
  6. My father (leave) me at the school gate yesterday.
  7. Babul is (talk) to his father over telephone.
  8. I’ve (fail) in my math test.
  9. We (sit) at the railway station then.
  10. What are you (cook) today?
  11. Wash your hand before (eat).
  12. The cattle (be) grazing in the field.
  13. The sun (set), they went home.
  14. I thought that he (be) absent.
  15. Stop (write).
  16. The jury (be) of different opinions.
  17. The poor (be) born to suffer.
  18. Each of the boys (have) got a prize.
  19. It is twenty years since we first (meet).
  20. I am fond of (play) cricket.
  21. Would that I (do) it.
  22. He says nothing but (smile).
  23. Have you (see) her lately?
  24. The man was (hang) for murder.
  25. I got the sum (to do) by my father.
  26. I found the girl (to read).
  27. He often (carry) an umbrella.
  28. We (live) here since 2000.
  29. The boy played instead of (study).
  30. I wish I (be) Pilot.
  31. I get my room (paint) always.
  32. He came as if he (kill) me.
  33. The boy likes (eat) sweets.
  34. They (play) for two hours.
  35. I cannot help (do) this.
  36. Would you mind (open) the door.
  37. It is high time you (study) hard.
  38. While (eat), he saw a bird.
  39. While he (walk) in the garden he was bitten by a snake.
  40. Many years goes away since I (Leave) Dhaka.
  41. The boy (not read) a book
  42. Where he (live) now?
  43. Who already (go) to the party?
  44. They (play) on the playground now.
  45. It (rain) since morning.
  46. He (go) just now.
  47. He (not return) home last night.
  48. She (draw) a picture now.
  49. He (study) in this school for five years.
  50. What you (do) now?
  51. We (watch) TV when it started to rain.

Use the right form of verbs in the brackets.

  1. He (not give) me this pen yesterday.
  2. How he (do) it yesterday?
  3. What you (want)?
  4. I (work) for two hours.
  5. She (read) since morning.
  6. He (go) out just now.
  7. He has (do) his home work.
  8. We have (make) him our captain.
  9. Rana said that he (do) the work.
  10. I saw him (go).
  11. He does not want (leave) the room.
  12. The patient (die) before the doctor came.
  13. He goes there after I (return) home.
  14. If I were a bird, I (fly)
  15. If he came, I (go)
  16. You had better (gone) home.
  17. You must (done) the work.
  18. He could (played) football well.
  19. I will not go out if it (rain).
  20. The book (steal) yesterday.
  21. I got the house (paint).
  22. Nafiza got the work (do).
  23. I got the chair (break).
  24. I wish I (sing) a song.
  25. I fancy I (turn) pale.
  26. I wish I (to be) a king.
  27. If I were a king, I (help) the poor.
  28. It is time we (change) bad habits.
  29. It is high time we (start) from the place.
  30. She speaks as if she (know) everything.
  31. You (receive) this news by this time.
  32. He said that he (go) home the next day.
  33. The boy always (disturb) the class
  34. The moon (shine) at night.
  35. Mother (cook) food now.
  36. They (watch) TV at this moment.
  37. Nita often (come) to my house.
  38. Nazim (speak) English well.
  39. A good boy (prepare) his lessons regularly.
  40. We (live) here since 2009.
  41. We (catch) a thief last night.
  42. The headmaster (enter) into the class before the students (come).
  43. When Mr. Kamal (take) his breakfast?
  44. When Rahim (looks) so angry?
  45. They (speak) together at this moment.
  46. I (read) the book recently.
  47. It is many years since I (come) to your house.
  48. It was many years since I (meet) to him.
  49. We (start) the meeting after the guest (come).
  50. I did not want (leave) the place.
  51. You had better (to do) the work.
  52. The boy ran away having (take) the first prize.
  53. I went to market last night with a view to (buy) a shirt.
  54. It is high time I (change) my character.
  55. He speaks as though he (be) a mad.
  56.  One of the boys (be) present in the class.
  57. You ought to (respect) your parents and your elders.
  58. The book has (publish).
  59. If you helped the boy, he (help) you.
  60. I (read) the book since in the morning.
  61. Slow and steady (win) the race.
  62. He ran fast lest he (miss) the train.
  63. While (read) a book, I saw a picture of an ox.
  64. The color of his books (be) red.
  65. Ill news (run) quickly.
  66. There (be) a high school in our area.
  67. Every man (want) to succeed.
  68. Many a boy (ruin) his career though laziness.
  69. No buses and no rickshaws (be) on the road.
  70. None of the girls (has) qualified.
  71. The wall has (printed).
  72. Time and tide (wait) for none.
  73. The MD and the GM of the company (be) present in the meeting.
  74. Rice and curry (be) my favorite food.
  75. Cattle (be) grazing in the field.
  76. The family (be) unanimous in the opinion.
  77. The Gulliver’s Travels (be) an interesting book.
  78. All’s well that (end) well.
  79. The virtuous (be) always happy.
  80. One of the students (do) his home work.
  81. One and a half works (be) done.
  82. Two plus two (make) four.
  83. You, he and I (be) friends.
  84. Rahim as well as his friends (done) well.
  85. It is time (change) our bad habit.
  86. I found the boy (cry) on the bed.
  87. I (call) there yesterday.
  88. Rome was not (to build) in a day.
  89. Why you (went) to market yesterday?
  90. It is no use (spoil) time by gossiping.
  91. He talked as if he (knew) everything.
  92. You had better (to do) the work.
  93. He said that the earth (be) round.
  94. As soon as I (think) about her, she (call) me.
  95. What you (do) — now? 
  96. Why Mr. Kamal (look) — so happy? 
  97. No sooner had the students (see) — the headmaster than they (enter) — into the class room. 
  98. It is many years since I (do) — it. 
  99. Many years have passed since his parents (die) —. 
  100. The area has been developed since I (leave) — the place.
  101. I have completed the work before he (come) —. 
  102. My father went to pilgrim after he (finished) — his job.
  103. I have better (to sleep) — now. 
  104. I will not let you (to do) — the work. 
  105. Having (finish) — the work I went out to walk. 
  106. The headmaster desired the notice to be (hang) —. 
  107. Last Friday I went to Nil Khet with a view to (collect) — my books.
  108. I never thought of (do) — the work. 
  109. It is high time we (change) — our country. 
  110. I wish I (to be) — a poet. 
  111. I fancy I (change) — myself. 
  112. She sings as if she (be) — a singer. 
  113. She continued as through I (not speak) —. 
  114. One of my friends (fail) — in the examination. 
  115. He said that he (go) — home the next day. 
  116. If you helped him he (pass) — the examination. 
  117. If I have seen the boy I (give) — him some money. 
  118. The child (cry) — for three hours. 
  119. I (do) — the work since in the morning. 
  120. I got my room (clean) —. 
  121. I had my food (cook) —. 
  122. While (walk) — on the road I saw a dead cow beside the road.
  123. While we (work) — in the garden we found a dead snake.
  124. He ran fast lest he (miss) — the train. 
  125. The plants of the field (be) — stronger than that. 
  126. The communicative system of our village (be) — very good.
  127. Ten thousand taka (be not) — huge amount. 
  128. 200 miles (be) — a long way. 
  129. Everybody of the class (be) — present in the program.
  130. Nothing (be) — impossible. 
  131. The students each (has) — to sit for the exam. 
  132. More than a student (be) — able to answer the question.
  133. More than two students (be) — absent from their works.
  134. One-third of the work (have) — been finished. 
  135. One third of the villagers (be) — present in the program.
  136. The greater part of the students (be) — bad. 
  137. None (be) — present in the meeting yesterday. 
  138. All the works (has) — been completed. 
  139. All that glitters (be) — not gold. 
  140. If only I (be) — a king! 
  141. The players in the field (be) — taking rest. 
  142. Noman and Roni (has) —– gone to (his) — village.
  143. The headmaster and secretory (be) — coming towards the class.
  144. The headmaster and the secretory (be) — discussing with the students about a matter. 
  145. Rice and curry (be) —  not a good food for the rich. 
  146. Slow and steady (win) — the race. 
  147. Time and tide (wait) — for none. 
  148. Each boy and each girl (have) — a pen. 
  149. No boy and no girl (do) — the work. 
  150. Every boy, every girl and every child (be) — welcomed.
  151. Rina and not her sisters (have) — done it. 
  152. The boy as well as his brothers (have) — got a good figure in the examination. 
  153. The headmaster along with his students (have) — planted the seeds.
  154. Mr. Jamal accompanied by his children (have) — attended the party.

Shortcut rules on Correct form of verbs

1.       v12.       v23.       v34.       v1+ing5.       to+v16.       to be verb+v3
1. v1          v1+s/es2. modals+v13. do/does/did+v14. help…….v11. Yesterday, ago, last, once, one dayprevious, It is time, It is high time 1. have/has/had/ to be/having/get/ being + verb32. already, just, ever, recently3. if sub doesn’t work1. Now, at this moment2. preposition+ v1+ing3. with a view to/look forward to+ v1+ing4. verb…verb1. to+v12. purposeif sub doesn’t workPassive (to be +v3)am/is/are=presentwas/were=pastbe=modalsbeing=continuousbeen=have/has/had
7. subject + who, which, that + verb
8. Conditional sentences:  If ….v1,  shall/will/can/may+v1          If ….v2,          would/could/might+ v1                                         If ….had+v3,    would/could/might+have+v3
9. If two clauses are added with and, they follow the same tense

Rules on Correct uses of verbs

1. Rules on voice3. Preposition5. Conditional sentences
2. Rules on tense4. Relative pronoun6. Sentence–Simple/complex/compound

What you should remember before starting to right form of verbs

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A. Sentence — Active/Passive              B. Which tense                     C. Subject — Singular/Plural

1. To be verb + verb3 (Passive voice)

2. Simple Present Tense = Sub + main verb + s/es + ext (if subject 3rd person singular number)

3. Modal auxiliary + verb1 (Active voice) Modal auxiliary+be+verb3 (Passive voice)

4. Simple Past Tense = v2=Yesterday, ago, last, once, previous, one day, It is time/high time

5. Present Continuous Tense = am/is/are+v1+ing=Now, day by day, at this moment, at present, gradually

6. While + Past continuous tense             While + verb1 + ing

7. Present Perfect Tense = have/has+v3=Already, recently, just, just now, ever, yet

8. have/has/had/to be/having/being + verb3

9. Preposition + verb1 + ing/to + verb1

with a view to/look forward to/get used to + verb1 + ing

10. noun/pronoun + Relative Pronoun (who, which, that) + verb

11. Conditional sentences: if/had

If + Simple present, sub + shall/will/can/may + verb1 + ext.

If + Simple past, sub + would/could/might+ verb1 + ext.

If +past perfect, sub + would/could/might+have+verb3+ext.

12. Simple Sentence = Sub + finite verb (nonfinite verb)

a. If it expresses purpose, use to+ verb1 as nonfinite verb

b. If subject does the action of verb, use verb+ing as nonfinite verb

c. If subject does not do the action of verb, use verb3 as nonfinite verb

d. If the first verb of a sentence is get, want, become, had, use verb3 as nonfinite verb

e. If the first verb of a sentence is let or help, use verb1 as nonfinite verb

13. If two clauses are added with and, they follow the same tense.

Exercises on Correct form of verbs

1. Increasing number of vehicles (cause) traffic jam. 2. Mainly it (occur) in the congested areas. 3. Some drivers (violate) the traffic rules and (drive) carelessly. 4. Ambulances (carry) patients cannot (reach) hospital timely. 5. It (give) a lot of pains to the people. 6. Overtaking tendency also (create) traffic jam. 7. Students and office-going people also (suffer) due to traffic jam. 8. This problem should be (solve) immediately. 9. You must have (hear) the name of Kazi Nazrul Islam. 10. He (call) our national poet. 11. He (know) as a rebel poet as well. 12. He (bear) into a poor family. 13. Dire needs could not (hinder) his potentiality. 14. We should (remember) him for his great deeds. 15. He (call) the Shelley of Bangla literature. 16. We owe to our nature for (bestow) us with her gifts lavishly. 17. The negligible area of land that (belong) to us, is very fertile. 18. We (be) ungrateful to our soil. 19. We are constantly (cause) soil pollution. 20. We have (be) ungrateful to our soil. 21. Our fertile land is (lose) its fertility. 22. It has (enable) us to grow crops easily. 23. Women in the past were (confine) within the four walls. 24. By (receive) education, they will be conscious. 25. They are now able to (prove) their worth. 26. Nothing is possible by (keep) women idle at home. 27. Self-control (be) a great power. 28. Self-control helps a man (build) up a pure character. 29. Both men and women (treat) equally 30. It is a demand of the day with a view to (ensure) human rights. 31. Government already (take) some initiatives in different sectors. 32. We should come forward to (eliminate) gender inequality. 33. It (inspire) a man to shed the last drop of blood. 34. Those who (died) for the country, are true patriots. 35. They (remember) ever after their death. 36. She (pick) the mango and (give) it to her mother. 37. Teacher-student relationship is (consider) to be the most important matter. 38. He cannot but (take) help from them. 39. Teachers’ role helps them (succeed) in life. 40. Garments industries have (emerge) as the largest foreign currency earning sector. 41. The women (work) here (be) happy. 42. They are (earn) their own living. 43. This problem already (create) an alarming dimension. 44. This problem cannot (solve) without (make) the unemployed skillful. 45. Job does not mean (do) official work only. 46. It means (engage) oneself in economic activities. 47. We can help and train with a view to (make) them self-reliant. 48. Adult allowance (be) a noble programme (initiate) by the government. 49. Adults lose the ability to work and (earn) at this age. 50. They (treat) offensively by their own issues. 51. Love for one’s own country (know) as patriotism. 52. We are (work) persistently for the country. 53. We (follow) the footprint of the patriots. 54. A patriot (stands) by the affected people. 55. Students are expert in (memorize) answer. 56. They get them (prepare) by their tutors. 57. Ferdousi (ask) by Sultan Mahmood (compose) Shahanama. 58. It (be) found (contain) sixty thousand verses. 59. By (speak) to a friend, a man can get relief. 60. The advice (give) by a friend is reliable. 61. If he (fail) to select a good friend, he (suffer) in the long run. 62. He managed to pick up the art of (print). 63. Child labour has (forbid) internationally by the UN. 64. The number of child labour (go) up day by day. 65. Bangladesh (be) one of these countries. 66. They want to earn by (employ) their children in work. 67. Many children (work) at different sectors now. 68. This should not (carry) on. 69. You can (avail) yourself of this opportunity of (walk) by the river side. 70. It (refresh) the mind when one (take) a walk by the river-side. 71. This will help you (keep) fit. 72. If you (do) it regularly, you will not be able to (reap) the benefit. 73. They (be) careful in (maintain) discipline. 74. The very habit (form) in the student life (influence) the later phases of life. 75. Most of our people (has) low income are in danger. 76. We are to bargain (buy) simple product. 77. The prosperity of the country (depend) on the proper utilization of the resources. 78. If he (idle) the days away, he (lag) behind. 79. A person with a crown (live) in a palace may not be happy. 80. Happiness (vary) from person to person. 81. A beggar (be) happy if he (earn) a coin. 82. The natural beauties (gift) by the God attract the tourists to enjoy them. 83. Special importance should (give) by the government. 84. It is tourism that (contribute) a lot to the national economy. 85. “Health is wealth,” (go) the proverb. 86. We must build our body by (follow) the rules of health. 87. They start (memorize) very seriously. 88. Their power of (think) does not develop. 89. They memorize these notes without (understand). 90. If they had read seriously, they (do) better result. 91. Men (travel) ever since they first appeared on the earth. 92. They (make) boat and used it to travel across water. 93. Travelling has now (be) a highly organised business. 94. There are vehicles which (providing) us with comforts and security. 95. If we want to go abroad, we (need) a passport and a visa. 96. If we (lost) any of them, our journey may be ruined. 97. The allowance should (increase). 98. This problem already (create) an alarming dimension. 99. This problem cannot be (solve) without (make) them skillful. 100. Gradually the freedom fighters started (give) counter attacks. 101. They (get) final victory on 16 December 1971. 102. Man (live) a single moment without air. 103. Air is (pollute) in many ways. 104. Care must be (take) to save air from being polluted. 105. If we (sow) good seeds in our early life, we shall (reap) good harvest. 106. Youth (call) the seed time of life. 107. Parents are constantly (worry) about the results of their children. 108. They are always ready to (undergo) any risk. 109. Special prayers (offer) in families (have) such an examinee. 110. Having (consume) this food, people (fall) a victim to various diseases. 111. Strict laws will be (implement) with a view to (curb) the harmful act to contamination. 112. Great books are those that have (pass) the test of time. 113. With a view to (keep) pace with the world we learn English. 114. Then the real character of the liar gets (expose). 115. He often (disturb) the class by (use) phone (avoid) the eyes of the teachers. 116. They are (cause) great harm to their eyesight. 117. Eradication of the students’ addiction (be) inevitable now. 118. All should come forward with a view to (save) the young generation. 119. While (take) food, we have to keep silent. 120. We take food with a view to (maintain) our health. 121. ICT has (quicken) the process of globalization. 122. They didn’t flee from the battlefields (show) their back. 123. It is high time we (use) our brain. 124. A specific framework must be drawn up to be (implement). 125. Students (inspire) by their ideality should utilize their duties timely. 126. None can be great without (utilize) time properly. 127. A man who (live) alone is either an angel or a beast. 128. Whales have a way of (communicate) with their own kind.

Exercises on Correct form of verbs

1. A horse (stumble) and one of the sacks fell to the ground. 2. He saw a horseman (come) towards him. 3. It was the nobleman who (live) in a grand house. 4. He (stop) in front of the farmer and got off the horse. 5Education (mean) mental and moral training. 6. He never (set) a wrong example. 7. It is the light that (clear) off the darkness of ignorance. 8. The development of a nation totally (depend) on its system of education. 9. He took a bank loan and (start) a dairy farm. 10. His bank loan (repay) soon. 11. Long ago there (be) a king in Scotland. 12. They (fight) against him and (drive) him away. 13. The king (go) to a forest and took shelter in an old fort. 14. The king saw a spider (try) to reach the roof. 15. This sort of mosquito (find) in Africa. 16. If Aedes mosquito (bite) a healthy man, virus may get into his body or blood. 17. The man  (attack) with dengue fever. 18. If the symptom of this disease (find), we must consult with a doctor. 19. This dengue fever (break out) in an epidemic form. 20. An ideal teacher knows the art of (teach). 21. He (make) his lessons interesting. 22. Nowadays civilized life (mean) life on the lap of science. 23. Cities and towns are now (plan) and (make) with the help of science. 24. Science makes it, feeds it, guards and (protect) it. 25. We remember our heroic sons who (dedicate) their lives. 26. Those who (die) for the country are the golden sons. 27. We (make) the best use of our time. 28. If we put off our work for tomorrow, we (get) time to do it. 29. There are some people who (waste) time for nothing. 30. An ideal teacher (treat) his students well. 31. If we read the biography of the great men, we (realize) it. 32. We can prosper in life only by (follow) their life. 33. If he (make) the proper use of time and (do) his duties accordingly, he (prosper) in life. 34. If he does otherwise, he (drag) a miserable existence. 35. Mind can (mould) in any form we like. 36. He (praise) the good work (do) by them. 37. It (call) the seed-time of life. 38. If we fail to sow good seeds, we not (get) good harvest. 39. One evening I went (have) dinner with my uncle and aunt. 40. It (regard) as a sheer wastages of time. 41. But (have) they been earnest in learning English, they could have (learn) it easily. 42. Students are not (motivate) properly. 43. The textbooks (not write) according to the need of the learners. 44. Food (require) for the survival on earth. 45. The issue of food adulteration has (draw) the attention of general people. 46. Standard foods (sell) in most of the hotels. 47. Very recently government (direct) the mobile court (look) into the horrible pictures of adulteration. 48. They catch the dishonest hoteliers for (use) unhygienic food ingredients. 49. Dhaka University (treat) as an old educational institution. 50. It (situate) on the centre of Dhaka city. 51. Last year I (pay) a visit to Dhaka with a view to (see) the Dhaka University. 52. He has a brother who (work) as a bus helper. 53. A proverb (go) that health is wealth. 54. She has no hopes of (go) on to college. 55. She used to dream about (be) a doctor. 56. Consequently the level of sea water has alarmingly (increase). 57. Money is what money (do). 58. It is the means of (lead) worldly life. 59. Shortage of money (make) our life deplorable. 60. But to (earn) money is not easy for all. 61. Ability as well as capability (require) to earn money. 62. Truth always (reign) in the world. 63. Those who are always in the habit of (speak) the truth are respected by all. 64. Cricket is an international game (play) all over the world. 65. It is (rate) as one of the most popular games. 66. A cricket team (consist) of players, who (to have) many admiring fans. 67. The team which (score) more runs, wins the match. 68It (connect) with our existence. 69. In every religion the position of mother (consider) the highest place. 70. True education (enlighten) our mind and (refine) our sensibility. 71. It often (compare) with light and (consider) as the pillar of human civilization. 72. This curiosity to know more (inspire) him to undertake dangerous tasks. 73. Man already (land) on the moon. 74. The use of science has (enable) him to save the life of a dying patient. 75. He (not keep) late hours at night. 76. We get (enrich) by (learn) from their way of living. 77. The outside world gives us a wide scope of (know) different people. 78. Those who are involved in (tell) lies cannot shine in life. 79. The primitive people (have) a very narrow idea about the universe. 80. It is the fundamental emotion which (stand) at the cradle of true art and true science. 81. Earlier we (have) another teacher, Mr Sarker. 82. Parents never mind (take) pains for the upbringing of their off-spring. 83. They start to think of (nurse) and (bring) their children. 84. He (call) Sher-E-Bangla. 85. He saw his son (read) his lessons and (tear) off the pages of his book one after another. 86. It (not take) any rest. 87. Lost time cannot (recover) by any means. 88. They can rise to the pinnacles of glory by (overcome) the problems of life. 89. We get (enrich) by learning from their way of living. 90. The things (learn) at schools and colleges are important. 91. The things (learn) at home take a firm root in them. 92. Those who (be) engaged in (preach) the truth are respected by the people. 93. People of all walks of life got (involve) in the war directly and indirectly. 94. Time is compared to a gypsy who (not stay) anywhere for long. 95. People (eat) this kind of food fall a victim to diseases. 96. It makes you (prepare) in life for struggle. 97. Many fishermen die being (encounter) in violent storm. 98. It is self- control that (help) a man (building) up a pure character. 99. It is high time we (exercise) our brain about the course of dowry. 100. United efforts (need) to put an end to violence against women. 101. A specific framework must be drawn up to be (implement). 102. You have (see) flies walking on dirty things. 103. It is high time we (realise) the importance of learning English. 104. The textbooks (design) for the classes XI-XII have to (modify) and made updated. 105. Computer has (bring) about a revolutionary change. 106. It is travelling which (enrich) our knowledge. 107. Qazi solemnized the marriage (recite) the related verses. 108. While (bid) farewell to my sister my parents burst into tears. 109. People preserve their existence through (fight) with natural forces.  110. I heard everything and advised her (go) to the court. 111. Student politics (become) just a weapon.

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