2016

Dhaka Board – 2016

English Second Paper

[According to the Syllabus of 2016]

Subject Code: 108

Time––3 hours; Full marks––100

[N. B. ––The figures in the right margin indicate full marks. Answer all the questions.]

Part A––Grammar  : Marks–60

1. Fill in the blanks in the following text with articles(a/an/the) as necessary. Some of the blanks may not require an article. Put a cross(x) in those blanks.

Michael Madhusudandatt was (a) — popular 19th century Bengali poet and dramatist. He was born in (b) — Sagardari on (c) — bank of (d) — Kopotaksho river, (e) — village in Keshobpur Upazilla under Jessore district. From (f) — early age, Dutt aspired to be (g) — Englishman in form and manner. Though he was born in (h) — sophisticated Hindu family, he took Christianity arousing (i) — anger of his family. He contributed much to (j) — development of Bangali literature.

Answer: (a) a (b) x  (c) the (d) the (e) a (f) the/ x (g) an (h) a (i) the / x (j) the

2. Complete the text with suitable prepositions.

A good stock (a) — words is necessary (b) — anybody who wants to use a language. Vocabulary is an essential components (c) — successful communication. It is an integral part (d) — reading skill. While grammar is important, a lack (e) — vocabulary may result (f) — complete failure to convey a message. Vocabulary includes conceptual knowledge (g) — words that go well (h) — an ordinary dictionary meaning. Students’ vocabulary knowledge is a building process that occurs (i) — time as they tend to make connections (j) — other words.

Answer: (a) of (b) for (c) of/ for (d) of (e) of (f) in (g) about / of (h) beyond (i) in (j) with

3. Complete the sentences with suitable phrase or words given in the box:–

unlesslet aloneittherewould you mind
as ifneither willhad betteras fast asthe older —— the more

(a) When my brother was a child, he would not look at all like my father. — he gets — he looks like him.

(b) — are hundreds of languages spoken regularly by human beings. But everywhere of the world people speak English.

(c) A: They won’t be enjoying a holiday this year. B: — we.

(d) It is admitted by all that a deer can run fast. But it cannot run — a Cheetah.

(e) He loves his garden very much. He does not allow his sons to pluck any flower, — other children.

(f) I cannot carry the box on my back. — taking the box into the room?

(g) — is very difficult to get good grade in Bengali and English.

(h) It is getting dark. You — go home right now.

(i) The man was seriously injured in an accident. He would have died — he had been taken to a nearby hospital.

(j) The boy talks too much of himself. He talks — he knew everything.

Answer:

(a) the older –––– the more (b) there (c) neither will (d) as fast as (e) let alone (f) would you mind (g) it (h) had better (i) unless (j) as if

4. Complete the sentences using suitable clauses/phrases.

(a) Physical exercise keeps us healthy and strong. If you take regular physical exercise, — .

(b) They came to you with a view to —, but you scolded them without any reason.

(c) Please wait here until —. I have serious matter to discuss with you.

(d) I was not hungry at all. If I had been hungry, —.

(e) Trees are essential for our existence. So, we should plant —.

(f) There goes a prove that —. So, we must take proper use of time.

(g) We should drink pure water. Since the water of this bottle is not pure, —.

(h) The two brothers are not in good terms. Yesterday when we went to their house, —.

(i) Air is polluted in many ways. It is high time —.

(j) The martyrs laid down their lives in 1971. They did it so that —.

Answer:

(a) Physical exercise keeps us healthy and strong. If you take regular physical exercise, you will be healthy and strong.

(b) They came to you with a view to having a talk , but you scolded them without any reason.

(c) Please wait here until I return. I have serious matter to discuss with you.

(d) I was not hungry at all. If I had been hungry, I would have taken my meal.

(e) Trees are essential for our existence. So; we should plant more and more trees.

(f) There goes a prove that time and tide wait for none. So, we must take proper use of time.

(g) We should drink pure water. Since the water of this bottle is not pure, we must not drink it.

(h) The two brothers are not in good terms. Yesterday when we went to their house, we found them quarrelling with each other.

(i) Air is polluted in many ways. It is high time we prevented air pollution.

(j) The martyrs laid down their lives in 1971. They did it so that we could get an independent country.

5. Read the text and fill in the gaps with the correct form of verbs as per subject and context.

Football is a favourite game in our country. It (a) — (arrange) between two teams (b) — (contain) eleven players each. The captains of both teams (c) — (lead) their groups. This is the most exciting and enjoyable game ever (d) — (play) across the world. It (e) — (run) for an hour and a half with an interval after half of the time (f) — (be) over. Any football tournament (g) — (arrange) between two strong teams can be exciting. The result (h) — (remain) almost unpredictable till the end because any team might win the other team (i) — (score) a goal within seconds. The referee is to see whether rules and order (j) — (maintain) by the players.

Answer: (a) is arranged. (b) containing (c) lead (d) played/been played (e) runs (f) is (g) arranged (h) remains (i) scoring (j) are maintained / is maintained.

6. Read the text and change the sentences as directed.

(a) Pohela Baishakh is undoubtedly the most celebrated festival in Bangladesh. (Complex)

(b) It is the first day of the Bengali year when the city roads get so jam packed. (Simple)

(c) Almost everyone enjoys the day in his own way. (Passive)

(d) Although I do not like gathering, I enjoy the activities of this day. (Compound)

(e) It is one of the most interesting days of the year. (Positive)

Answer:

(a) There is no doubt that Pohela Baishakh is undoubtedly the most celebrated festival in Bangladesh.

Or, It is Pohela Boishakh which is undoubtedly the most celebrated festival in Bangladesh.

(b) On the first day of the Bengali year, the city roads get so jam packed.

(c) The day is enjoyed by almost everyone in his own way.

(d) I do not like gathering, but I enjoy the activities of the day.

(e) Very few days of the year are as interesting as it.

7. Change the narrative style by using indirect speeches.

“Where do you come from?” I asked him. “From San Carlos,” he said, and smiled. “I was taking care of animals,” “Oh,” I said, not quite understanding. “Yes,” he said, “I stayed, you see, taking care of animals. I was the last one to leave the town of San Carlos.” 

Answer: I asked him where he came from. He replied that he came from San Carlos and smiled. He added that he had been taking care of animals. He also said that he had been the last one to leave the town of San carlos.

8. Identify the nuclear pronoun references in the following text. Where necessary re-write the sentences so that all pronoun references are clear.

A cook once roasted a duck for its master. He looked so delicious that he could not resist the temptation and ate up one of the drumsticks. When he sat down to eat the meal, he quickly noticed the missing leg. He asked him what had happened to the other leg. The cook told him that it had one leg only. The master said that there was no such thing as a one-legged duck but the cook insisted that every duck had only one leg.

Answer:

A cook once roasted a duck for his master. The roast looked so delicious that the cook could not resist the temptation and ate up one of the drumsticks. When the master sat down to eat the meal, he quickly noticed the missing leg. He asked the cook what had happened to the other leg. The cook told him that the duck had one leg only. The master said that there was no such thing as a one-legged duck but the cook insisted that every duck had only one leg.

9. Read the following text and use modifiers in the blank spaces as directed.

Robindronath Tagore was a (a) — (pre-modify the noun) poet of Bengali literature. He was born in a (b) — (pre-modify the noun) family at Jarasako, Kolkata. He went to school (c) — (post-modify the verb) . He wrote his (d) — (pre-modify the noun) verse at the age of eight. At the age of seventeen, he went to London (e) — (poste-modify the verb with an infinitive) school there. He was put up in a logging house under the care of a (f) — (pre-modify the noun) coach, Mr. Scott. He was luckily (g) — (post-modify the adjective with an infinitive) an English family of Mr. Scott. He also visited  the House of Parliament (h) — (post-modify the verb with an infinitive) Gladstone and John Bright’s debates on Irish rule. He wrote letters to Kolkata (i) — (post-modify the verb with a present participle) English society. At this, his family thought that they might lose their son (j) — (post-modify the verb). So, he was called back to Kolkata.

Answer: (a) great / famous (b) renowned (c) early (d) first (e) to study in a (f) professional (g) to find (h) to listen to (i) describing / praising (j) forever

10. Use appropriate sentence connectors in the blank spaces as directed.

A lion was drinking water from a brook. (a) –––– a lamb was also drinking from the down stream of the same brook. The lion saw the lamb and decided to devour it. (b) –––– he was thinking about how to accomplish his evil design. (c) –––– he hit upon a plan. (d) –––– the lion complained that the lamb was disturbing him by muddying water. But the lamb said that he was drinking water from down stream. (e) –––– the question of muddying water on his part did not arise here. (f) –––– the lamb argued that it was the lion that was muddying the water for him as he drinking water upstream. (g) –––– the lion retorted that the lamb spoke ill of him a year ago. (h) –––– the lamb said that he was not born a year ago. The lion grew into a rage. (i) –––– he said that perhaps his father spoke ill of him a year ago. (j) –––– the lion had the right to take revenge and kill the lamb.

Answer: (a) At the same time (b) As a result (c) At last (d) Accordingly (e) So (f) On the contrary (g) Then (h) but (i) then (j) So/ therefore.

11. Read the following passage and then write the synonyms or antonyms of the words as directed below:

Social values underline a set of principles of generally accepted norms and behavior of a society. Our forefathers practiced a good number of social values like simplicity, honesty, sincerityresponsibility, and piety. We have replaced those good aspects with complexity, dishonesty, corruption, conspiracy, faithlessness and envy. Our materialistic attitude has made us self-centered and corrupted. We must get rid of these vices and create awarenessamong all about the negative impacts of our wrong doings. In order to make a better society, we should create awareness among people about the out-come of their misdeeds. We must have distinctive social values once practiced by our forefather. We should give importance to the past moral values to bring peace and harmony in the society and make the world better for living.

(a) Accepted (antonym); (b) sincerity (antonym); (c)  responsibility (synonym); (d) complexity (antonym); (e) envy (antonym); (f) vices (antonym); (g) impacts (synonym); (h) importance (synonym); (i) out-come (synonym); (j) awareness (synonym);

Answer: (a) Accepted (antonym) = unexpected; (b) sincerity (antonym) = insincerity; (c)  responsibility (synonym) = accountability/duty; (d) complexity (antonym)  = simplicity; (e) envy (antonym) = goodwill; (f) vices (antonym) = goodness; (g) impacts (synonym) = influence; (h) out-come (synonym) = consequence/result; (i) importance (synonym) = significance; (j) awareness (synonym) = consciousness;

12. There are ten errors in the use of punctuation marks in the following text. Re-write the text correcting errors:

A:  Whats solar energy?

B: Its one of the renewable energy sources.

A: Why is it called green energy

B: Well its green energy because it helps us keep the earth green I mean it doesnt emit any pollutant in the atmosphere when we produce and use it.

A: I see then it must be a clear source of energy.

B: Exactly. And thats why its called clean energy.

Answer:

A:  What’s solar energy?

B: It’s one of the renewable energy sources.

A: Why is it called green energy?

B: Well, it’s green energy because it helps us keep the earth green. I mean it doesn’t emit any pollutant in the atmosphere when we produce and use it.

A: I see, then it must be a clear source of energy.

B: Exactly. And that’s why it’s called clean energy.

Part B : Composition 40

  1. Suppose, you are a student of class XII in ‘X’ college. Your college is in Dhaka. Recently your father has been transferred to Chittagong. But you want to continue your study up to H.S.C. Examonation in Dhaka.

Now write an application to the Principal of your college requesting him to sanction you a seat in the college hostle.

Chattogram Board  2016
Part A: Grammar (60 Marks)
1. Fill in the blanks in the following text with articles (a, an, the) as necessary. Some of the blanks may not require an article. Put a cross (×) in those blanks.                   
There is a saying that sincerity is (a) — key to success. (b) — person can prosper in life by doing hard work. The man who does not follow (c) — rules of sincerity can never go (d) — long way in (e) — world. Many (f) — man is not conscious of (g) — importance of (h) — sincerity for which they don’t have (i) — benefit of (j) — success. However, we should be sincere to our work if we want to achieve anything notable.Answer: (a) the (b) A; (c) the; (d) a; (e) the; (f) a; (g) the; (h) x; (i) the; (j) x;
2. Complete the text with suitable prepositions.
Flowers are the excellent gift of nature. They have existed (a) — the earth (b) — prehistoric time. Since then they have been treated (c) — the symbol of beauty. It is an undeniable fact that flowers are used (d) — various spheres (e) — our life. It is used mostly (f) — decoration. People (g) — all walks of life use flowers usually (h) — national occasion and (i) — wedding. Everyone prefers flowers (j) — expressing their love and devotion.

Answer: (a) on; (b) from; (c) as; (d) in; (e) of; (f) for; (g) from; (h) on; (i)in; (j) for;
3. Complete the sentences with suitable phrases/ words given in the box.                                           

was born, would you mind, there, would rather, what does ….. look like, as if, let alone, had better, have to, as soon as
(a)    He cannot tell my name, — my address. He is lying.
(b) The Bangladeshi cricketers have done well in the World Cup. They — struggle more to win the World Cup.
(c) — the earth —? It’s not completely round.
(d) I — walk than get on the bus. This time the bus is very crowded.
(e) — I reached the station, the train left. Really I was lucky.
(f) Dr. Muhammad Shahidullah was a great linguist. He — in 1885 AD.
(g) He acts — he were rich. So nobody likes him.
(h) You look sick. You — go home immediately.
(i) — was a boy at the door. He wanted to talk to me.
(j) — eating sea fish? I think you will enjoy a lot.

Answer:  (a) let alone; (b) have to; (c) What does ….. look like; (d) Would rather; (e) As soon as; (f) was born; (g) as if; (h) had better; (i) There; (j) Would you mind;
4. Complete the sentences using suitable cause/ phrases.                                                                   
(a) Garment industry in Bangladesh is one of the major sources —. But this sector is afflicted with many problems.
(b) Once Taimur attacked the province of a powerful prince. When the prince heard the news, —.
(c) Mr. Karim is a hard working man. — he cannot turn the wheels of his fortune.
(d) Success does not come to a man automatically. When a man works in a systematic way, —.
(e) Female education is a crying need for our country. It is a good sign that nowadays —-.
(f) Motherland is like heaven. It is our sacred duty — our motherland.
(g) Life should not be considered —. It is full of sorrows and sufferings.
(h) When you — work, you will go home.
(i) The thief was afraid of police. He ran away lest — arrested.
(j) He is an honest worker. Despite his honest work —.
Answer:
(a) Garment industry in Bangladesh is one of the major sources of earning foreign currency. But this sector is afflicted with many problems.

(b) Once Taimur attacked the province of a powerful prince. When the prince heard the news, he came with a large army.
(c) Mr. Karim is a hard working man. In spite of his working hard, he cannot turn the wheels of his fortune.
(d) Success does not come to a man automatically. When a man works in a systematic way, he can turn the wheels of his fortune.

(e) Female education is a crying need for our country. It is a good sign that nowadays the people of our country give emphasis to the education of girl education.
(f) Motherland is like heaven. It is our sacred duty to love our motherland.
(g) Life should not be considered a bed of roses. It is full of sorrows and sufferings.
(h) When you have finished your work, you will go home.
(i) The thief was afraid of police. He ran away lest he should be arrested.
(j) He is an honest worker. Despite his honest work he cannot satisfy his boss.
5. Read the text and fill in the gaps with the correct form of verbs as per subject and content. 
To err is human. If a man commits crime anytime and repents truly for his misdeed, he may (a) — (forgive). But the man who (b) — (not, give up) the wrong, (c) — (suffer) surely. In the long run, he (d) — (will take) to the land of death. The old sailor (e) — (be) a wrong-doer in his long journey. He committed a crime (f) — (kill) a sea bird (g) — (call) Albatross. That crime ultimately (h) — (bring) bad luck to them. The ship (i) — (leave) in the icy sea. The sun shone over their head. The wind (j) — (drop) down. It was a great disaster.
Answer: (a) be forgiven; (b) does not give up; (c) suffers; (d) will be taken; (e) was; (f) killing; (g) called; (h) brought; (i) was left; (j) dropped;
6. Read the text and change the sentences as directed.                                                           
No person can be happy without friends. So, (a) everybody wants friends. (Negative) (b) The heart is formed for love and cannot be happy without the opportunity of giving and receiving love. (Complex) (c) But you cannot find others to love you unless you love them. (Simple) (d) You cannot be happy without it. (Interrogative) So (e) As love is divine, everybody wants to love. (Compound)
Answer:
(a) Nobody wants enemies.
or, There is nobody but wants enemies. (b) As the heart is formed for love, it cannot be happy without the opportunity of giving and receiving love. (c) But without loving others, you can’t find them to love you. (d) Can you be happy without it? (e) Love is divine and everybody wants to love.
7. Change the narrative style by using indirect speeches.                                                                          “Why are your children crying, my daughter?” said the Caliph. “They have been starving,” said the woman. “Have you none else in the world?” “My husband died some months ago. He left them neither money nor any property. So, they are in great distress. They have to starve sometimes.” “Oh! Let me see, how I can help you,” said the Caliph.
Answer: Addressing the woman as his daughter, the Caliph asked her why her children are crying. The woman replied that they had been starving. The Caliph further asked the woman if she had none else in the world. She replied that her husband had died some months before. She added that she had left them neither any money nor any property and so they were in great distress. She also said that they had to starve sometimes. Being touched, the Caliph told her that he might be allowed to see how she could help her.
8. Identify the unclear pronoun references in the following paragraph. Where necessary, rewrite the sentences so that all pronoun references are clear.
Life is full of struggles. These are quite normal in anyone’s life as it is not a bed of roses. Certainly, it has ups and downs. A man has to face innumerable barriers in his life. Sometimes he can overcome those but sometimes he fails to combat them. He may be born with silver spoon without any trouble. But even then he has to overcome a lot of such to be successful in life. In other words, life is full of challenges. If he cannot fight them successfully, his life becomes full of sorrows. Though the scholars differ in giving the definition of life, they are unanimous that obstacles are the ways of life. In fact, a man has to undergo many in his life.
Answer:
Life is full of struggles. These are quite normal in anyone’s life as life is not a bad of roses. Certainly, life has ups and downs. A man has to face innumerable barriers in his life. Sometimes he can overcome those barriers but sometimes he fails to combat them. He may be born with silver spoon without any trouble. But even then he has to overcome a lot of troubles to be successful in life. In other words, life is full of challenges. If he cannot fight the challenges successfully, his life becomes full of sorrows. Though the scholars differ in giving the definition of life, they are unanimous that obstacles are the ways of life. In fact, a man has to undergo many in his life.

9. Read the following text and use modifiers as directed in the blank spaces.
Once there lived a (a) ―― (pre-modify the noun) fox in a jungle. One day, while he was walking (b) ―― (post-modify the verb) through the jungle he fell into a trap and lost his tail. He felt (c) ―― (pre-modify the adjective) unhappy and sad. But the fox was very cunning. He hit upon a plan. He invited all the foxes (d) ―― (post-modify the verb with an infinitive) to a meeting. When all the foxes arrived, the fox without a tail said, “My dear friends, listen to me, please. I have discovered a (e) ―― (pre-modify the noun) thing. It is that our tails are (f) ―― (pre-modify the adjective) useless. They look ugly and dirty. So, we all should cut off our tails, shouldn’t we?” All foxes listened to the cunning fox (g) ―― (post-modify the verb). Most of them agreed (h) ―― (post-modify the verb with an infinitive) their tails. But an old and (i) ―― (pre-modify the noun) fox said to him, “My friend, your plan is nice but evil. Actually, you want to cut off our tails because you have (j) ―― (pre-modify the noun with a determiner) tail of your own.”
Answer:
(a) clever; (b) alone/ aimlessly; (c) very; (d) to come; (e) new; (f) quite; (g) attentively; (h) to cut off; (i) wise; (j) no;

10. Use appropriate sentence connectors in the blank spaces of the following passage. 
Bangladesh is mainly an agricultural country. (a) ――, her economy and prosperity depend on agriculture. (b) ――, our agriculture depends on the mercy of nature. (c) ――, if there is sufficient rain, people can plough their lands and sow seeds in time. (d) ――, they can reap a good harvest. (e) ――, if it does not rain in time, the farmers cannot grow crops easily and they do not have good harvest. (f) ――, without water our agriculture is lifeless. The rain is not always beneficial to our agriculture. (g) ――, sometimes it rains so much that it causes floods. (h) ――,  our crops go under water and most often, they are totally destroyed. (i) ――, the farmers who constitute the most part of our professional people, lose everything. (j) ―― we can safely conclude that our economy depends on rain. Answer:
10. Use of sentence connectors: (a) So; (b) Again/But; (c) Hence; (d) As a result; (e) But/ On the other hand; (f) True that/ In fact; (g) For example/ For instance; (h) That’s why/ As a result; (i) Consequently; (j) Therefore.

11. Read the passage and then write the antonym and synonym of the words as directed. 
A thing cannot be as precious as gold only by way of glittering. People in general, are charmed and attracted by outward show of things and not by their own merits. Gold is a bright precious metal and its value is recognized by all. Nevertheless, there are many metals cheaper than gold but look like it. They glitter for sometime and fade in course of time. They fascinate our eyes too. But their beauty and glamour do not last long. But gold is such a metal that it can stand the wear and tear of time and shine till the last moment of existence. In our society, there are so many people who are outwardly very gentle and nice. Bur after a period of time, their real identity is revealed. They do not have intrinsic value and morality.
(a)precious (antonym);(b) glitter (synonym); (c) attract (synonym); (d) outward (antonym); (e) recognize (synonym); (f) fascinate (synonym); (g) glamour (antonym); (h) shine (antonym); (i) intrinsic  (synonym); (j) morality (antonym); Answer:
11. Antonym or synonym: (a) worthless/ valueless; (b) shine; (c) fascinate; (d) inward; (e) acknowledge; (f) allure/ charm (g) dullness; (h) fade; (i) inherent; (j) immorality; 

12. There are ten errors in the use of punctuation marks in the following text. Rewrite the text correcting the errors.
“Good morning where are you going” said the merchant. I was just coming to see you said the youth. “What do you want” “Please help me to earn my bread by the labour of my hands. “Do you really want work!” said the merchant. Yes if you have any.” “Then follow me and carry the box from the shop to my house.” “By Allah I’m really grateful to you,” said the youth.
Answer: 12. Use of punctuation marks “Good morning, where are you going?” said the merchant. “I was just coming to see you,” said the youth. “What do you want?” “Please help me to earn my bread by the labour of my hands.” “Do you really want work!” said the merchant. “Yes, if you have any.” “Then follow me and carry the box from the shop to my house.” “By Allah, I’m really grateful to you,” said the youth. Part B: Composition (40 Marks)
13. Suppose, you are a student of the Department of English, Dhaka University. You have received an email from the Director of Bangla Academy to attend a seminar on language study. Now, write a reply to the email. 10
14. Suppose, you are a District Correspondent of a National English daily. Now, write a news report about a terrible fire in a Garment Factory.                       
15. Write a paragraph on the uses and abuses of Internet.                     
16. Write a composition on “Female Education”.
  1. Suppose that you are a reporter of a newspaper published from Dhaka. Now you are asked to write a report on the devastating consequences of drug addiction in the context of Bangladesh.
  2. Write a paragraph of about 150 words showing importance of learning English.
  3. Is our population a prospect or a problem? What do you think? Write at least 200 words on it.
Rajshahi Board-2016
English (compulsory) second paper
Part A: Grammar (60 Marks)
1. Fill in the blanks in the following text with articles (a/an/the) as necessary. Some of the blanks may not require an article. Put a cross (x) in those blanks.
Every student wants to do better in (a) — examination. But it is not (b) — easy work. (c) — student has to do something for this. From (d) — very beginning he must be serious. He should read (e) — texts again and again. He must not memorize (f) — answer without knowing the meaning. He must not make notes from (g) — common source. He should have a good (h) — command over English. By doing all these things (i) — student can hope to make a good (j) — result.
2. Complete the text with suitable prepositions.
Once an English and a Bengalee gentleman were travelling (a) — the same train and they were in the same compartment. The Englishman was very proud (b) — himself because he was Englishman. He looked (c) — upon the Bengalee gentleman who, however, took no notice (d) — it and went to sleep (e) — peace. As soon as the Bengalee gentleman was asleep, the Englishma picked (f) — the gentleman’s shoes and threw them (g) — the window and went to sleep. When the Bengalee gentleman woke up, he looked for his shoes and understood it. Then he took the Englishman’s long coat (h) — the wall and threw it outside the window and returned (i) — bed laughingly. Next morning the Englishman became startled and shouted, “Where’s my coat gone?” “Your coat has gone to fetch my shoes,” said the gentleman (j) — a smile. The Bengalee gentleman was Sir Ashutosh Mukherjee.
3. Complete the sentences with suitable phrases/words given in the box.
had better, was born, would rather, as soon as, let alone, in order to, has to, whenever, there, as if
(a) The students were making a noise in the class. But — the teacher entered the class, they kept quiet. (b) It was a hot summer day. A crow felt very thirsty. So it was flying here and there — find water.
(c) Panna was a criminal. So he was always on his toes. — he saw the police, he hid himself.
(d) The man is so weak that he cannot walk. He cannot walk even a kilometer — five kilometers.
(e) — is a nice kitchen garden just behind our house. So we can get fresh vegetables from there.
(f) I am too tired to talk. I can no longer give you company. You — leave me and let me take rest. (g)Though I am poor, I hate begging. Begging is most disreputable. I — die than beg.
(h) Michael Madhusudan Dutt was a popular Bengali poet. He — in a sophisticated Hindu family, but he took Christianity when he was young.
(i) My friend ‘Ratul talks — he were a millionaire. But he comes of an impoverished family. Moreover, he is good for nothing.
(j) Rana is a meritorious student. He is the first boy in our class. He — study hard and work more to maintain his position in the class.
4. Complete the sentences using suitable clauses/phrases.
(a) Industry is the key to success. If you work hard, —.
(b) Corruption is the main hindrance to development. It is high time —.
(c) Abdul is an HSC candidate. He is studying hard lest —.
(d)There are a good number of reasons why —. That English is a foreign language is the main reason. (e) Birds fly in the sky. I wish —.
(f) No sooner had we reached there than —. Unless we went there earlier, we would miss the beginning of the programme.
(g) It is not good —. A man is known by the company he keeps.
(h) Dulal Sheikh is a quack. He behaves as if —.
(i) It is very cold outside. You had better —.
(j) My childhood was full of joys and happiness. Would that —.
5. Read the text and fill in the gaps with the correct form of verbs as per subject and context.
Once there (a) — (live) an idle king. He (b) — (not undergo) physical labour. As a result, he (c) — (get) bulky and could not move from one place to another. He (d) — (call) in a doctor. The doctor (e) — (be) clever and wise. He did not (f) — (prescribe) any medicine for the king. He asked the king to buy a club and (g) — (move) it in the air till his hands (h) — get moistened. The king started (i) — (follow) the prescription. Thus, the king (j) — (relieve) of his problem.
6. Read the text and change the sentences as directed.
(a) Cricket is a very exciting game. (Make it exclamatory) (b) People of all ages enjoy this game. (Make it passive) (c) At present cricket is the most popular game in our country. Make it comparative) (d) Though cricket is a costly game, people of all classes enjoy playing it. (Make it simple) (e) Bangladesh is a test playing country but its standard is not high. (Make it complex)
7. Change the narrative style by using indirect speeches.
“Have you cut your nails short?” The teacher said to Maruf. “No, I’ve forgotten, sir,” said Maruf. “That’s very bad. You must be more careful about neatness and cleanliness. By doing so you can prevent diarrhoea and some other diseases too,” said the teacher.
8. Identify the unclear pronoun references in the following paragraph. Where necessary, rewrite the sentence so that all pronoun references are clear.
Salam and Salma are siblings. They read in a local primary school. Salam is in class five whereas her sister, Salma, reads in class three. They go to school together. Sometimes they take rickshaw because it is five kilometers away from his home. Today, she is going to school with her father because her brother, Salam is sick. He is taking medicine and bed rest. Read the following text and use modifiers as directed in the blank spaces.
9. Read the following text and use modifiers as directed in the blank spaces.
It was a hot (a) — (use noun adjective to pre-modify the noun) day. A (b) — (pre-modify the noun) crow flew all over the fields looking for water. For a long time, she could not find any walk She felt (c) — (use an intensifier to pre-modify the adjective) weak, almost giving up hope. Suddenly, she saw a water jug below her. She flew (d) — (post-modify the verb) to see if there was any water inside. Yes, she could see some water inside the jug. The crow tried (e) — (use an infinitive phrase to post-modify the verb). Sadly she found that the neck was too narrow. Then she tried to push the jug down for the water to flow out. But she found (f) — (use a demonstrative to pre-modify the noun) jug too heavy. The crow thought (g) — (use a phrase to post-modify the verb) what to do. (h) — (use a participle to pre-modify the verb), she saw some pebbles nearby. She (i) — (pre-modify the verb) had a good idea. She started picking up the pebbles one by one dropping each filled the jug, the water level kept rising. Soon it was high (j) — (post-modify the adjective) for the crow to drink. The crow quenched its thirst and flew away.
10. Use appropriate sentence connectors in the blank spaces of the following passage.
(a) — I was walking along the road the other day. I happened to notice a small brown leather purse lying on the pavement. I picked it up and opened it to see (b) — I could not find out owner’s name. There was nothing inside. It (e) — some small change and a rather old photograph – a picture of a woman and a young girl about twelve years old who looked like the woman’s daughter. I put the photography back (d) — took the purse to the police station. (e) — I handed it to the sergeant-in-charge. Before I left, the sergeant made a note of my name and address in case the owner of the purse wanted to write and thank me. That evening went to have dinner with an uncle and aunt of mine. They had also invited another person, a young have dinner withere would be four people was quiet sure (h), woman, (f) — there would be four people at table. The young woman’s face was familiar (g) — I could not remember where I had seen ft. I was quiet sure (h) — we had not met before. She had lost her purse. In the conversation, however, the young woman happened to mark that she had lost her purse that afternoon. I at once remembered where I had seen her face. She was the young woman in the photograph (j) — she was now much older.
11. Read the passage and then write the antonym or synonym of the words as directed below.
Books are men’s best friends in life. You may have many good friends: but you do not find them when you need them. They may not always come to you with sympathy. Some may prove true or some may prove false and do you much harm. But books are always ready to be your side. Some books will make you laugh some others will give you much pleasure. Again some books will bring new knowledge and ideas. They are your ever friends throughout your life.
(a) friend (antonym): (b) need (antonym): (c) sympathy (synonym); (a) prove (synonym); (e) false (antonym): (f harm (antonym): (g) laugh (antonym): (h) pleasure (synonym): (i) bring (synonym); (j) idea (synonym).
12. There are ten errors in the use of punctuation marks in the following text. Rewrite the text correcting the errors.
Husband : Cant you cook food properly
Wife: I cook food properly the problem is with you
Husband : Really these foods are crap they taste pathetic.
Wife: I spend time in the kitchen from morning till afternoon. I work hard. I take care of two children at home. What do you do?
Husband : I work hard and earn money that you spend lavishly.
Wife: How dare you say that
Husband : Well that is the truth
Dinajpur Board 2016
English (compulsory) Second Paper
Part A: Grammar (60 Marks)
1. Fill in the blanks in the following text with articles (a/an/the) as necessary. Some of the blanks may not require an article. Put a cross mark (x) in those blanks.
(a) — morning walk is a good habit for all classes of people. It is (b) — simple exercise and good for health and (c) — mentality. In the morning (d) — air is fresh and free from any kind noise and pollution. This pure (e) — environment makes an effect on (f) — walker’s health and mind, when (g) — man enjoys (h) — beauties and solemnity of (i) — nature in (j) — morning.
2. Complete the text with suitable prepositions.
Greenhouse effect is the gradual warming (a) — the air surrounding the earth as a result of heat being trapped (b) — environment pollution. This is exemplified to the destruction and burning (d) — of tropical rainforests, (e) — traffic that clogs (f) — city streets. (g) — rapid growth of industry, the use of chloroflourocarbons (CFCS), in (h) — packaging and manufacturing commercial products, the use of detergents like washing (i) — liquids and so (j) —.
3. Complete the sentences with suitable phrases/words given in the box.
had better, there, have to, would rather, let alone, as if, what’s it like, was born, as soon as, it
(a) Motin’s father is a low paid service holder. He has no ability to buy a bicycle for his son — a motorbike.
(b) I’ve never travelled by air, — in the sky?
(c) Let’s go to the cinema. — is not worth waiting any longer.
(d) I am tired. I — stay at home than go outside.
(e) You look very anxious. And you cannot continue your study any longer. You — take rest.
(f) I am surprised to hear his speeches. He speaks — he knew the ins and outs of the incident.
(g) Salam feels pain in his chest. He — go back to the hospital for a scan next week.
(h) Tagore — in 1861. He was awarded the Nobel Prize for literature in 1913.
(i) — is no fish here. It is a swimming pool.
(j) I went there to meet with him. — I saw him, I rushed to talk to him.
4. Complete the sentences with suitable clauses phrases. (a) I think you are not punctual in studies. Be punctual lest —.
(b) I’ve missed the 8 o’clock train. Do you know when —.
(c) The thief stole my watch and I saw it. As soon as I saw him, —.
(d) Though he was late, —.
(e) As he is unwilling to work, he cannot get rid of poverty. He must work if —.
(f) I usually avoid —. It is boring to drive now As it is a difficult task, —. He is very skilled in doing such work.
(h) Whenever I go to visit the factory, —. He must account for his absence.
(i) The film ended very fantastically. If you enjoyed the film, —.
(j) There are many obstacles in our way to success. We must work hard so that —.
5. Read the text and fill in the gaps with the correct form of verbs as per subject and context. Read the text and fill in the gaps with the correct form of verbs as per
Many events of great importance (a) — (take) place during the last century. Significant advances (b) — (make) in the field of science and technology. Many European colonies (c) (gain) independence. The movement for democracy (d) — (become) prominent in many parts of the world. Two World Wars (e) — (break) out in this century. It also (f) — (witness) the misuse of atomic energy. Two cities of Japan were completely (g) (destroy) as a result of the dropping of atom bombs. However, the emergence of Bangladesh as an independent nation (h) — (become) a momentous event. After a bloody war of nine months Bangladesh (i) — (bear). Now we (hold) our heads high in the community of nations.
6. Read the text and change the sentences as directed.
(a) Anger is nothing but a vice. (Interrogative) (b) It is compared to flame. It begets only the worst. (Negative) (c) So we should control it for our sake. (Passive) (d) He who is taken by anger causes a lot of troubles. (Simple) (e) Realising it we should try to be emotionally balanced. (Compound)
7. Change the narrative style by using indirect speeches. “Have you saved something for future?” said the rich man. “No,” said the cobbler. “I am happy with the present and think little about tomorrow.” “No, that would not do,” said the rich man. “I like to see you above want. Have this money and keep it.”
8. Identify the unclear pronoun references in the following paragraph. Where necessary, rewrite the sentences so that all pronoun references are clear.
Travelling is a part of education. These means going from place to place. One can enhance knowledge by going from place to place. Thus gives one the opportunity to see the unseen and know the unknown. Some people are averse to travelling. This limits his vision. However, by travelling different parts of the world, my knowledge may be enriched.
9. Read the following text and use modifiers as directed in the blank spaces.
Water is a (a) — (pre-modify the noun) substance. It has no color of (b) — (possessive to pre-modify) own. The (c) — (determiner to pre-modify the noun) name of water is life. By drinking water, we can quench (d) — (possessive to pre-modify the noun) thirst. Thus we can survive on earth. But (e) — (pre-modify the noun) water is life killing. By drinking contaminated water, we suffer from diseases like diarrhoea, typhoid etc. We may (f) — (pre modify the verb) face (g) — (pre-modify the noun) death by drinking such type of water. We are responsible for (h) — (noun adjective to pre-modify the noun) pollution. Waste materials from mills and factories are thrown here and there. Farmers use fertilizers and insecticides in their land. During the rainy season, they are mixed with ponds and rivers. Besides, latrines (i) — (participle to post-modify the noun) on ponds and rivers cause water pollution. (j) — (pre-modify the noun) awareness should be raised to stop water pollution.
10. Use appropriate sentence connectors in the blank spaces of the following passage.
Honesty is a noble virtue. The man (a) — possesses this rare quality is the happiest ma earth. To be honest, a man should have trustworthiness (b) — nobody trusts a liar. A liar may prosper for the time being. (c) — ultimately he goes to the dogs. (d) — we should be honest. It is said that honesty is the best policy (e) — dishonesty is the sign or downfall. God help who are honest. (f) — dishonest people are cursed. Childhood is the best time. (g) — child should be taught honesty. It is seen that children follow their parents (h) —- parents should I honest. (i) — children should be allowed to mix with those friends who are honest. (j) — they can mould their characters.
11. Read the passage and write the antonym and synonym of the words as directed. Grass is a vegetation consisting of short plants with long narrow leaves. The grass family contains some 9000 species, including both terrestrial and aquatic species. No other plant family has been so successful in colonising a broad range of habitats across the globe. Most grasses have unconspicuous flowers that are wind pollinated. Certain species are cultivated as food crops Others are employed in horticulture.
(a) consist (synonym): (b) narrow (antonym); (c) include (antonym): (a) aquatic (synonym (e) successful (synonym): (f) broad (antonym): (g) habitat (synonym): (h) unconspicuous (synonym) (i) certain (antonym): (j) employed (synonym).
12. There are some errors in the use of punctuation marks in the following text. Rewrite the text correcting those errors.
how is your father rana said mr karim he is very well thank you replied rana i am glad to hear that he is in good heath said mr karim.
Jashore Board-2016
Part A: Grammar (60 Marks)
English (compulsory) second paper
1. Fill in the blanks in the following text with articles (a/an/the) as necessary. Some of the blanks may not require an article. Put a cross mark (x) in those blanks.
Literacy as (a) — skill was first institutionalized in Mesopotamia, Syria, Egypt and China soon after (b) — art of writing was invented. Education then was not for (c) — general people but (d) — privilege for (e) — chosen (f) — few who took on strategic roles in (g) — running of (h) — state and in religion. In Greece, education became more widespread in about the 5th century BC. (i) — Greeks, however, sent only their (j) — male children to school.
2. Complete the text with suitable prepositions.
A teacher is an architect (a) — a nation. He plays an important role educated nation. He dispels the darkness (c) — ignorance (d) — the lot of a nation. He is an actor, so to speak. He has to suit his act according (e) — the need of his audience which is his class. He is a clear speaker (f) — good, strong and pleasing voice which is (g) — his control. He does not sit motionless (h) — his class. Everybody has something valuable (i) — him. A good teacher discovers the treasure hidden inside each student. He also wants the students to feel happy and for this he keeps them busy. A good teacher never hankers ( j) — money.
3. Complete the sentences with suitable phrases/words given in the box.
used to, no sooner had, what do you mean, as if, It, was born, had better, has to, what’s the matter, but for
(a) Shamsur Rahman — in Dhaka in 1929. He is famous both as a poet and a novelist.
(b) — Diamond jumped upon the table than the lighted candle fell on the papers. It caused a great damage to Newton’s research works.
(c) You — apply to the Principal of your college for granting you a stipend. He will surely see on it.
(d) Thomas Alva Edison was very inquisitive in his childhood. He — do many harmful activities. However, he made a lot of inventions.
(e) One evening I returned home groaning with a bad headache. My mother asked me,”  — you? Why do you look so pale?
(f) — your timely intervention, I would have been assaulted by them. I was just a victim circumstances. (g) —? How can a rope bite a man? It is quite unbelievable.
(h) He tells the matter — he knew it. Actually, he is quite ignorant of it.
(i) — is a good idea to walk in the morning. Morning walk is very healthful.
(j) A good citizen — perform a lot of things. These things will enable him to become a true patriot.
4. Complete the sentences using suitable clauses/phrases.
(a) Geometry is very much confusing to Zillur. He practices geometry a lot so that —.
(b) I could not recognize you at first. It was five years since we —.
(c) Sanjida was writing quite well in the exam when suddenly she —. As a result, she could not finish the exam with satisfaction.
(d) Don’t worry. I — after I have finished my study.
(e) Fateen was really in a great danger. He came to you with a view to — from you, but you disappointed him.
(f) Sujon was very weak, but he had to carry a big box. The box was too heavy for —.
(g) The farmers of our country are very poor, but they can work hard. If the bank gives them loan on easy term, they —.
(h) Load-shedding occurs because we cannot produce adequate electricity. It is high time —.
(i) I requested him to join me in playing cricket. He joined me —.
(j) He tried his best to get the job but he could not get it. Had he got the job, he would —.
5. Read the text and fill in the gaps with the correct form of verbs as per subject and context.
Idle brain is devil’s workshop. If we (a) — (waste) our time in idleness, all sorts of evil thoughts will crowd our brain. Idle persons who (b) — (kill) their time are burdens of society. They (c) — (sit) idle and cherish no high ideal and lofty ambition in life. They (d) —(not support) themselves. They (e) — (lead) an unhappy life and (f) — (suffer) in the long run. There should be time for reading, for office or other work, time for physical exercise, time for recreation and time for prayer. This (g) — (indicate) that we should do everything at the right moment. We (h) — (lead) a healthy and prosperous life only when we (i) — (follow) the routine which we (j) — (make) for our guidance.
6. Read the following text and use modifiers as directed in the blank spaces.
Most of the people in (a) — (use possessive to pre-modify the noun) country do not know the importance of English. In fact, it is an (b) — (use an adjective to pre-modify the noun) language and we are living in a (c) — (pre-modify the noun) village. So, if you know English (d) — modify the verb with an adverb). You can communicate with (e) — (use article to pre-modify the noun phrase) rest of the world. It is surely an important element of your (f) — (use a noun adjective to pre-modify the noun) skill. Without the knowledge of English with prone understanding, you cannot complete (g) — (use possessive to pre-modify the noun) higher studies because most of the books are written in English in the process of higher education. Poor knowledge of English will also hamper your (h) — (use a noun adjective) development. In short if you do not have a good command of English, you will suffer (i) — (post-modify the verb with prepositional phrase/adverbial) of your life. So, don’t waste your time and try to learn English (j) — (post-modify the verb with an adverb) from today.
7. Change the narrative style by using in direct speeches.
I told the rickshaw puller that he had carried me a long way. Then I asked him how much I should pay him. I further asked him if fifty taka would do. He replied that anything was all right.
8. Identify the unclear pronoun references in the following paragraph. Where necessary, rewrite the sentences so that all pronoun references are clear.
On a summer day, becoming very thirsty, a lion and a boar came at the same moment to a small well to drink. Those fiercely quarrelled which of them should drink first, and were soon engaged in a mortal fighting. On his stopping on a sudden to take breath for renewal of the fighting, it saw some vultures waiting in the distance to feast on the one which should fall first. They at once stopped the quarrel, saying. “That is better for us to make friends than to become the food of crows or vultures, as will certainly happen if ourselves are disabled.”
9. Transform the sentences as directed.
(a) Helal refused the money. (Negative)
(b) Nasir earnestly desires to see her once. (Exclamatory).
(c) The house which I live in at present is comfortable. (Simple)
(d) He delivered a speech and everybody admired it. (Simple)
(e) It disturbed him but he did not know the reason. (Complex)
10. Use appropriate sentence connectors in the blank spaces of the following passage.
Time and tide wait for none (a) —, no one can stop the onward march of time. (b) — we should not waste a single moment in vain. (c) — we should make the proper use of every single moment of our life. (d) — the students should understand the value of time. It is a matter of great regret that some of the students pass away their valuable time in facebook. (e) — they kill their time. (f) — they cannot prepare their lessons well. (g) — they always have a poor preparation for the examination. (h) — they cannot do well in the exam. (i) — they do not stop wasting time. (j) — they continue to waste their time using cell phone and facebook till it is too late for them.
11. Read the passage and then write the antonym or synonym of the words as directed
Democracy is the system of government which allows freedom of speech, religious and political opinion. It means fair and equal treatment for the citizens without social class division. In fact in a democratic country people elect their representatives who work for the people. Free election is the pre-condition for democracy. In a democratic country, people food, cloth, shelter, education, medical treatment and other facilities.
(a) allow (synonym): (b) freedom (synonym): (c) opinion (synonym): (d) fair (antonym): (e) equal (antonym): (f) division (antonym): (g) elect (synonym): (h) system (synonym): (i) treatment (synonym); (j) facility (synonym)
12. There are ten errors in the use of capitalization and punctuation marks in the following text. Rewrite the text correcting the errors.
Nazmul: Excuse me where is the nearest hospital
Arafat : Its about 2 kilometres from here You will have to hire a taxi You can also go by bus
Nazmul : I see Is there a bus station near here
Arafat : Yes there is a bus stop at the corner
Nazmul : Thank you
Arafat : Dont mention it
Cumilla Board-2016
English (compulsory) second paper
Part A: Grammar (60 Marks)
1. Fill in the blanks in the following text with articles (a/an/the) as necessary.
Some of the blanks may not require an article. Put a cross (X) in those blanks. My mother is (a) — ideal housewife. She is (b) — affectionate lady. She manages (c) — family very nicely. She hopes to see me happy at (d) Cost of her own life. She does not enjoy (e) — wink of sleep if I fall sick. She is very kind to (f) — poor. She is also (g) — very religious lady. She advises us to follow (h) — path of truth and honesty. (i) — woman like her is very rare. She bears a good moral (j) — character.
2. Complete the text with suitable prepositions.
A good student is never indifferent (a) — his studies. He always adheres (b) — his studies. He does not learn things (c) — rote. He does not hunt (d) — traditional guide books. Moreover, he has great thirst (e) — knowledge. For this, he does not confine himself (f) — the traditional studies. He is always aware (g) — the current affairs (h) — the world. He abides (i) — his teachers’ advice and jots (j) — their lectures. 3. Complete the sentences with suitable phrases/words given in the box.
as if, was born, as soon as, it, what does… look like, there, have to, let alone, would rather, had better (a) Manners make a man. Students — practice good manners in everyday life.
(b) Most students in our country are weak in English. They — follow the advice of their teachers for improvement.
(c) He tries to show off his knowledge in English. He speaks English — he were an Englishman.
(d) Cox’s Bazar is a popular tourist hub. — are many nice hotels there for tourists.
(e) The other day I met an old rickshaw puller. He told me that he — pull a rickshaw than beg.
(f) A poor man struggles hard to survive in our country. He can hardly earn Tk. 200 a day — Tk. 2000. (g) In Dhaka city, traffic jam is very common. — may occur anywhere any time.
(h) Smoking is one of the major causes of heart attack and cancer. — a smoker stops smoking, he can avoid the risk of any danger.
(i) Have you ever heard the name of William Shakespeare? He — on 23rd April 1564 in England. He was one of the greatest dramatists of the world.
(j) Son :Dad, — an alien —? Father: Well. Aliens are believed to come from another planet by UFOs. Films and science, fiction tell us about them. They are really awesome.
4. Complete the sentences using suitable clauses/phrases.
(a) 16th December is observed as Victory Day every year in Bangladesh. It is really a red letter day in our national history, because on this day —.
(b) A proverb goes that —. So we must try to lead an honest life.
(c) Courtesy means —. Courtesy costs nothing but brings a lot.
(d) Bangladesh is an agricultural country. As her economy depends on agriculture, —.
(e) Time is very important in our life. You cannot prosper in life unless —. tead an honest life.
(f) Bangladesh is our motherland. It is a small but beautiful country. Though it is a small country, it is —. (g) Early rising gives a man enough free time. Since I am an early riser, —.
(h) You must have confidence in your ability. If you —, you will be successful.
(i) My final examination is going on. I studied hard lest —.
(j) His father has no ability to bear his son’s educational expenses. So the son takes up a part time job so that —.
5. Read the text and fill in the gaps with the correct form of verbs as per subject and context:
Parents (a) — (be) blessings of God to us. When a child (b) — (bear), their joys (c) — (know) no bounds. They (d) — (start) (e) — (think) of (f) — (nurse) and (g) — (bring) up their children. They (h) — (remain) safe under the custody of their parents since birth. Parents never mind (i) — (take) pains for the upbringing of their offspring. We never (j) — (offend) our parents. 6. Read the text and change the sentences as directed. We are very much proud of our freedom fighters.
(a) They fought for the country with a patriotic zeal (Make it compound).
(b) They are the most courageous sons of our nation Make it positive).
(c) Everybody admires and respects them greatly (Make it passive).
(d) Nobody denies their contribution to their motherland (Make it interrogative).
(e) They will never be forgotten by their countrymen to the end (Make it affirmative).
7. Change the narrative style by using indirect speeches.
One day Hazrat Omar (R) became shocked to see the sufferings of a woman and said, “Where do you live?” The woman said, “I live in a poor hut south end to this town. I’m hungry but there is no food in my house. Will you give me something to eat?” Hazrat Omar (R) said, “Go back home. I’m coming with food and money for you.”
8. Identify the unclear pronoun references in the following paragraph. Where necessary, rewrite the sentences so that all pronoun references are clear.
Women are nowadays as important as men in society. She constitute nearly half of our total population. No nation can make real progress keeping half of it in the darkness. Without the uplift of women, it is not at all possible. Again, without education, women cannot be uplifted. So, proper education should be given to her so that they can work hand in hand with them in all development programmes.
9. Read the following text and use modifiers as directed in the blank spaces.
I had gathered a peculiar experience (a) — (post modify the verb) while travelling to St. Martin’s Island. I visited the island along with my family. Zahid, (b) — (post modify the noun with an appositive) was my guide. On the way to the island, we watched (c) — (demonstrative to pre-modify the noun) sea gulls. The (d) — (pre-modify the noun) birds were flying (e) — (post-modify the verb) with the ship. They became (f) — (use an intensifier to pre-modify the adjective) dear and friendly to us. We entertained them with biscuits; (g) — them (use a present participle to pre-modify the verb) we became (h) — (use an intensifier to pre-modify the adjective) excited. We decided (i) — (use an infinitive phrase to post modify the verb) in the idyllic island for a couple of days. We can never forget (j) — (use a demonstrative to pre-modify the adjective phrase to post modify the verb) lovely sea birds.
10. Use appropriate sentence connectors in the blank spaces of the following passage.
Mobile phone has become an essential gadget for everybody (a) — it has become very popular (b) — it has created a number of problems. It has (c) — advantages (d) — disadvantages. (e) — it helps to connect people. (f) — it helps to exchange information. (g) — it can be used for various purposes. (h) — it has a few disadvantages (i) — can cause a lot of troubles. (j) — its advantages are more than its disadvantages.
11. Read the passage and then write the antonym or synonym of the words as directed below.
We should never call a student weaker. Teachers should never discourage any student frustrating his/her interest, ability and dream. Every teacher should try his/her best to find out the ways of success for the students and guide them to achieve it.
(a) never (antonym): (b) weaker (antonym): (c) discourage (antonym): (d) frustrating (synonym): (e) interest (synonym): (f) ability (synonym); (g) dream (synonym): (h) best (antonym) (i) success (antonym): (j) achieve (synonym).
12. There are ten errors in the use of punctuation marks in the following text. Rewrite the text correcting the errors.
Arif : Hello How are you Zakia?
Zakia : Fine. What about you
Arif : Well I was a bit sick
Zakia : Really What happened Arif : Stomach upset. I had outside food. It troubles my stomach.
Zakia : That’s why I always try to avoid outside food they are unhygienic.
Arif : I’m not going to have it anymore.
Zakia : Anyway you take care bye.
Arif : Bye.
Sylhet Board-2016
English (compulsory) second paper
Part A: Grammar (60 Marks)
1. Fill in the blanks in the following text with articles (a/an/the) as necessary. Some of the may not require an article. Put a cross (X) in those blanks.
Kamal is (a) — HSC examinee this year. He is not (b) — attentive to his lessons. He weak in (c) — English. Moreover, he is (d) — lazy. So his preparation in English is no (e) — month ago before his examination he managed (f) — short suggestion and learnt (g) — day of examination he started for the examination hall (h) — bit earlier. He entered (i) — examination hall with (j) — trembling heart.
2. Complete the text with suitable prepositions.
The science fair held (a) — our college paved a new way for us to gather practical knowledge. Many of our friends took part (b) — the fair (c) — their projects. We showed genuine interest (d) — them. Most of the projects were made (e) — consistent (f) — the prevailing situation. They were intended (g) —acquaint us (h) — the solutions (i) — some problems we are facing specially in regard to the environment we live in. We were sanguine (j) — achieving success and we really achieved it.
3. Complete the sentences with suitable phrases /words given in the box.
was born, what’s …….. like, it, let alone, there, would rather, as soon as, had better, as if, what if
(a) — your family —? Our family is not so big. It’s comparatively small.
(b) Today is a rainy day. You — not go to office today.
(c) I have a bad headache. I — go to doctor.
(d) — lived an old man in a village. He was very wise.
(e) My sister is acting — she were all in all. She always acts like this way.
(f) I’ll call you — I arrive. Then we will go to market.
(g) Prabha can’t afford to buy a cell phone, — a laptop. Actually, she is very poor.
(h) Punctuality is the habit of doing things exactly in time. — is, of course, a good habit.
(i) Tajuddin Ahmed, the first Prime Minister of Bangladesh — in 1925. He was a wise man.
(j) Rina: — we miss the bus? Mina : We will take a taxi then.
4. Complete the sentences using suitable clauses/phrases.
(a) The students were sympathetic and patriotic. That’s why —.
(b) There were five boys. I took five books that —.
(c) When he came out, —. He was worthy of getting such greetings.
(d) Though the pen writes well, —. I can’t afford to use it.
(e)The poem is too difficult for the students —. They couldn’t but memorize it.
(f) If I had a camera, —. I like photography.
(g) He came to my room while —. He didn’t wake me up.
(h) Rina waited until —. She went after getting it.
(i) He went to London so that —. He was devoted to study.
(j) He confessed that —. So, I forgave him.
5. Read the text and fill in the gaps with the correct form of verbs as per subject and context.
One night the entire village was sleeping. The boy Bayazid Bustami was busy in study. His mother (a) — (sleep). Suddenly she woke up and (b) — (feel) thirsty. (c) — (call) her son, she told her son to give her a glass of water and (d) — (fall) asleep again. When Bayazid went to the pitcher, he (e) — (find) it empty. So, he went out with the pitcher in search of water. After a while, he (f) — (come) back home with water and found his mother (g) — (sleep). Then he waited (h) — (stand) by her bed with a glass of water. He did not make any sound lest she (i) — (wake) up. Suddenly his mother woke up and saw him with the glass of water. At once she (j) — (understand) what was the matter.
6. Read the text and change the sentences according to the direction.
The Tajmahal, the unique tomb is the 7th wonder of the world.
(a) It was three hundred years ago since emperor Shah Jahan built the Taj. (Make it simple).
(b) As he loved his wife Mumtaz very much, he built it as a tomb of his dear wife (Make it compound).
(c) The building was made with fine white marbles. (Make it active).
(d) It rests on a platform of red stone, therefore it looks very nice. (Make it complex).
(e) The Tajmahal is one of the most beautiful buildings in the world. (Make it positive). Many tourists come here to enjoy the scenery of the Taj.
7. Change the narrative style by using direct speeches.
Once I asked a little girl what her mother’s name was. She replied that she could remember her mother’s name but she would not tell me that. She added that she did not tell her mother’s name to any one whom she did not know. I exclaimed with admiration that she was a very clever girl.
8. Identify the unclear pronoun references in the following paragraph. Where necessary, rewrite the sentences so that all pronoun references become clear.
A stormy night is fearful and horrible. They causes untold sufferings to the people. In a stormy night, the whole sky is totally overcast with dark cloud. Only the roaring of violent wind can be heard. The wind begins to blow with fearful sound from no directions. People get frightened with sound of storm. In addition to it, there is thundering and lightning. The frequent thundering and lightning causes much terror and fear in the mind of the people whom always think that this night may be the end of our lives and the terrible and destructive storm will never come to an end. Storm causes harm to them. The house roofs are blown away. Many trees are uprooted. A large number of houses and shelters are damaged within a very short time. Standing crops are badly damaged That is thus a dreadful night to the people.
9. Read the following text and use modifiers as directed
Othello, (a) — (use an appositive to post modify the noun) had risen to become a general. He had shown his bravery in many (b) — (use an adjective to pre-modify the noun) battles against the Turks. Every one praised him (c) — (use adverb to post modify the verb) and the senate trusted and honoured him. Brabantio, a rich senator of Venice had a daughter named Desdemona (d) — (use a relative clause to post modify the noun). Brabantio (e) — (use an adverb to pre-modify the verb) invited Othello to his house where he and his daughter listened in wonder to Othello as he spoke about his adventures. He told them of deserts, of caves and of mountains high (f) — (use an intensifier to pre-modify the adjective) to touch the sky. Desdemona had to weep (g) — (use present participle to post modify the verb phrase) and she never became tired of listening to it. She pitied Othello (h) — (use an adverb to post modify the verb) for the misfortune and hardships of his life. Her pity (i) — (use an adverb to post modify the verb) turned to love. She refused all the young men (j) — (use an infinitive to post-modify the verb) because she loved Othello, a noble Muslim Moor from North Africa.
10. Use appropriate sentence connectors in the blank spaces of the following passage.
The gifts of science are uncountable. (a) — we cast our eyes, we see the wonders of science. Satellite TV channels are the means through (b) — we can see and hear the events (c) — are happening all over the world. (d) — today we have specialized satellite channels on almost every interest. (e) — people now have more choices and more freedom about television programmes. Satellite channels help us a lot by reporting on conditions of different parts of the world. (f) — we can be aware of storms, cyclones and tidal bores. (g) — Satellite channels are helping us to a great extent to enrich our own culture and tradition. (h) — satellite channels are playing a favourable role, it is (i) — doing harm to our young and new generation. (j) — still we cannot deny the immense benefits we are getting from satellite channels. 11. Read the passage and write the antonym or synonym of the words as directed
A good writer may be a good reader. A good reader may be a good speaker or make good recitation. Nothing of this is impossible for a man if he is not lazy. The main thing is sincerity. Seriousness should also be taken under consideration. If a man is serious, he can make impossible to be possible. If we become serious in our intention, we can shine in life.
(a) good (antonym): (b) speaker (synonym): (c) recitation (synonym); (d) impossible (antonym): (e) lazy (antonym); (f) sincerity (synonym): (g) seriousness (synonym): (h) possible (antonym); (i) intention (synonym); (j) shine (synonym).
12. There are ten errors in the use of punctuation marks in the following text. Rewrite the text correcting the errors.
Tourist: How old is the edifice guide
Guide : Madame its a 15th century edifice
Tourist : What a wonderful edifice it is
Guide : It was built by Akbar the emperor of India.
Tourist : Oh! I see
Guide : Madame we should move now. The sun is about to set. It would be dark
Tourist : Isnt the place safe?
Guide : It is. But the security does not allow anybody after the sunset
Barishal Board-2016
English (compulsory) second paper
Part A: Grammar (60 Marks)
1. Fill in the blank with articles. Use cross (>) mark where an article is not necessary.
Once there lived (a) — poor cobbler. He had (b) — rich neighbor. (c) — neighbour possessed (d) ill-health. So, he was (e) — angry man. He was always (f) — unhappy man Once he used to think (g) — richest men to be (h) — happiest men in (i) — World. But his (j) — idea was wrong.
2. Complete the text with suitable prepositions.
During holidays when my mother went to sleep (a) — noon, we went to the railway line. There along with other children I watched how the trains passed (b) — innumerable unknown facts. My father got an appointment (c) — a town school and he moved (d) — the town immediately with all the members of the family. I was admitted (e) — my father’s school. I felt that my school fellows had no feeling (f) — one another as we had in the village. However, I have gradually adjusted myself (g) — town life. I am happy with my new friends but my heart aches (h) — the happy childhood days. Childhood is free (i) — worries and has infinite capacity (j) — enjoyment.
3. Complete the following sentences with suitable phrases/words given in the box.
there, what if, was born, had better, let alone, as long as, have to, as if, as soon as, it
(a) — is really unfortunate for a boy like him to fail in the exam.
(b) He cannot score a goal, — a hat-trick.
(c) His mother being sick, he needs to go home — possible.
(d)The manager says alone. It seems — other had nothing to say.
(e) No one is happy with her result. She — understand it.
(f) — you lose your pen?
(g) — lived a very clever fox in a jungle.
(h)The poor will continue to suffer — they are illiterate.
(i) Zahir Raihan — on 19 August, 1935 in Feni.
(j) We — educate all and work hard to develop our country.
4. Complete the sentences using suitable clauses phrases.
(a) You cannot buy a car unless —. It costs a lot.
(b) You are now sick. Call me in case —.
(c) He is so short that —.
(d) Since there are no more questions to discuss —.
(e) I worked hard although —.
(f) Hardly had we started to eat when —.
(g) We were unable to go by train because of —.
(h) I will give him the message as soon as —.
(i) When I was a child —
(j) There are many helpless people. I wish —.
5. Read the text and fill in the gaps with the correct form of verbs as per subject and context.
There are many people who (a) — (not take) physical exercise. They can hardly (b) — (realize) that they themselves (c) — (ruin) their health. They (d) — (fall) victim to many diseases. He (e) — (become) dull to them. They (f) — (remain) always ill tempered. We (g) — (build) good health and sound mind through physical exercise. Physical exercise (h) — (make) our body active and the muscles strong. It also (i) — (improve) our power of digestion and blood circulation. It (j) — (give) strength to our brain.
6. Read the text and change the sentences as directed.
(a) The Chinese put a lot of emphasis on the unity. (Make it passive)
(b) The parks are crowded. (Negative without changing meaning)
(c) There are lots of clean parks in the cities. (Compound)
(d) In the evening many families watch television and spend their free time. (Simple)
(e) Life becomes dull without recreation. (Complex)
7. Change the narrative style by using indirect speech.
“Do you know Bangladesh Open University offers an English self-learning course?” Sejan said to Shawan. “Yes, I have heard it from my father who works as a tutor of the course. It is a six-month course known as CELP,” said Shawan.
8. Identify the unclear pronoun references in the following paragraph. Where necessary rewrite the sentences so that all pronoun references become clear.
Women are nowadays as important as men in society, she constitute nearly half of our total population. No nation can make real progress keeping half of it in the dark. Without the uplift of women, it is not at all possible. Again without education, women cannot be uplifted proper education should be given to her so that they can work hand in hand with them in all development programmers.
9. Read the following text and use modifiers as directed in the blank spaces.
A village doctor is a (a) — (use an intensifier to pre-modify the adjective) familiar person in the rural areas of Bangladesh. He is (b) — (pre-modify the verb) known as a quack. A village doctor is not a (c) — (pre-modify the noun) doctor. He (d) — (pre-modify the verb) sits in a small dispensary in the morning and evening. He treats the patients (e) — (use a participle to post-modify the verb) small fees. A village doctor is not a (f) — (pre-modify the noun) man. His chamber is (g) — (pre-modify the verb) furnished. He cannot supply costly medicines to the (h) — (pre-modify the noun) patients. In our country, the number of qualified doctors is (i) — (use an intensifier to pre-modify the adjective) few. So, a village doctor is a great friend to the (j) — (pre-modify the noun) people.
10. Use appropriate sentence connectors in the blank spaces of the following passage.
Time is a special resource that you cannot store or save for future use. (a) — it is managed properly to gain success. The skills of managing time properly are called time management skills (b) — these skills are necessary for job hunting and career success (c) — it is essential to improve these skills. (d) — there are several useful strategies that can be used to improve your time management skills. (e) — have clear goal in mind. (f) — set up your priorities. (g) — block out time for your high priority activities first and protect that time from interruptions, (h) — set a deadline to do them and try your best to stick to it. (i) — your skills will help you avoid stress in completing any work successfully (j) —reward yourself when the job is done. it is me al
11. Read the passage and write the antonym or synonym of the underline words as directed.
Illiteracy is a curse (antonym). It is the root cause (synonym) of ignorance (antonym) which frustrates (synonym) all development (synonym) efforts of the government. No development effort can succeed (synonym) unless illiteracy is eradicated (antonym). Eradication of illiteracy in a country like Bangladesh with so vast (antonym) a population is undoubtedly (synonym) a gigantic (antonym) task.
12. Rewrite the following text correcting the errors in punctuation.
Student : May I come in Sir?
Principal : Yes come in.
Student : Good morning Sir.
Principal : Good morning how can I help you
Student : Sir we would like to arrange a study tour
Principal : It’s a great idea Ill appreciate it Submit an application to me so that I can take step in favour of you.
Student :Ok Sir. We will write an application on behalf of the students
Principal : Ok, see you.
Student : Thank you very much, Sir
Principal : You are most welcome.

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