Adjective

Definition: Adjectives describe, or modify, nouns and pronouns. An adjective gives information about the colour, size, characteristic, quality, quantity or personal traits of a noun or pronoun.

Generally an adjective modifies a noun by answering one of these following questions:

Which? What kind? How many?

Example:

– The one-eyed man tells him the story. (Answer the question ‘Which man?’)

– Fox is a cunning animal. (Answer the question ‘What kind of animal?’)

– Five or six gunmen attack the area. (Answer the question ‘How many gunmen?’)

Classification: There are five kinds of adjective as follow.

1.      Adjective of Qualityqualitytall, good, beautiful honest, kind, large, bulky, thin, fat, smart, ugly etc.
2.      Adjective of  Quantityquantitysome, any, much, few, little, enough, all, many, half, no, great, etc.
3.      Numeral Adjectivenumber of nounfirst, second, one, two, three, every, each, another, many, some, any, few, all, several, neither, either
4.      Demonstrative Adjectivepoint out the nounthis, these, that, such, and those
5.      Interrogative Adjectiveask a questionwhere, what, which, whose
6.      Possessive Adjectivebelongs to someonemy, your, our, their, his, her and its
  1. Qualitative Adjective or Adjective of quality:

Express the qualities of something or someone.

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Such as great, good, bad, wise, poor, nice, happy, pretty, angry, blue etc.

Example:

– He gives me a great idea.

– Mr. Rahim is a good person.

– He is a bad gyu.

**Adjective of quality answer the question: what kind?

  1. Quantitative Adjective or Adjective of quantity:

Express or indicate the quantity of a noun or pronoun.

Such as some, little, much, enough, whole, sufficient, all, none, more, half, no etc.

Example:

– I have enough money to but the car.

– The whole countrymen congratulate the president.

– She wants all the money.

**Adjective of quantity answer the question: Hwo maû or much?

iii. Numeric or Adjective of number:

Express the number or order of something or someone. Such as one, two, three, ………., first, second, third, ……………, single, double, triple, quadruple, twofold, threefold, fivefold, ………… etc

Example:

– He can eat ten eggs at a time.

– She is the first girl in the class.

– The house owner does not rent the room to the single person.

**Adjective of number is to types Definite and Indefinite.

Definite Numeric adjectives are of three kinds.

Such as

– Cardinal (one, two, ….),

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– Ordinal (first, second, ……),

– Multiplicative (Single, double, …..)

  1. Demonstrative Adjective:

Specify the nouns or pronouns. Such as this, that, those, these etc.

Example:

– This boy is good.

– That is her room.

– These are the book to follow.

  1. Distributive Adjective:

Express the distributive state of nouns. Such as every, each, neither, either, both etc.

Example:

– Every movie in the series is popular.

– Both the boys are appreciated by them.

– Each person will get the reward.

  1. Possessive Adjective:

Shows the possession or belongingness in the sentence. Such as his, her, him, my, our, your, their etc.

Example:

– This is her cell phone.

– I have seen their house.

– Our house is two stored house.

vii. Interrogative Adjective:

Interrogative Adjective modifies nouns in an interrogative sentence. Such as which, what, whose etc.

Example:

– What kind of man he is?

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– Whose phone is this?

– Which program are you listening?

Identify Adjectives

The warm days are here. The longest days come in June. Three feet make one yard. Seven days make one week. This boy will do your errand. Those books belong to Mary. That man is honest. He has eaten three apples. I don’t have much money. There is so much wine for the guests. This long, thin centipede has many legs. I spent my afternoon cleaning the toilet. This must be your cap. His arms have a few tattoos. Its skin is dry and rough. Our grandmothers were classmates. Ety is witty. They live in a beautiful house. Lisa is wearing a sleeveless shirt today. I used to buy this kind of shirts. The water was clean. The sun is high in the sky. This soup is not edible. She wore a beautiful dress. He writes meaningless letters. This shop is much nicer. She wore a beautiful dress. Ben is an adorable baby. Linda’s hair is gorgeous. This glass is breakable. I met a homeless person. She is tired. The cafeteria was attractive. Maria was tried after the long flight. Whales are larger than sharks. They are amazing. The walkway was small. Dad had a bald head. No one liked the cold pizza. The hot water boiled. Stay in the big area. Watch out, the table is heavy! It was dry in the desert. These skates are Frank’s. He had little love for work. There was much work to be done. Some people remember favors. Any man is liable to make mistakes. No word came from the steamer. Please make more haste. The less talk the more work. He opened the book at the sixth chapter, the tenth paragraph, the one hundred and eighth page. The American, French, and English ambassadors are safe. Children like sweet apples. She has an amiable disposition. It is a beauteous evening, calm and clear. He paid two hundred dollars for the horse.  Sixteen ounces make a pound. Any man here can do a little work. He occupies the fourth seat in the seventh row. Yonder elm was planted by my grandfather. This house is older than yours. What book do you prefer? Which boy came late? He knew what value to place upon promises. It was easy to see which boy led his class. She saw the door was open.

 Some rules of interchanging degrees

By using more and most
PositiveComparativeSuperlativePositiveComparativeSuperlative
UsefulMore usefulMost usefulactivemore activemost active
IntelligentMore IntelligentMost Intelligentattractivemore attractivemost attractive
AttentiveMore attentiveMost attentivebeautifulmore beautifulmost beautiful
DifficultMore difficultMost difficultbrilliantmore brilliantmost brilliant
courageousmore courageousmost courageouscarefulmore carefulmost careful
cunningmore cunningmost cunningsplendidmore splendidmost splendid
famousmore famousmost famouspropermore propermost proper
faithfulmore faithfulmost faithfulpopularmore popularmost popular
caringmore/less caringmost/least caringamazingMore amazingmost amazing
giftedmore/less giftedmost/least giftedterribleMore terriblemost terrible
By adding ‘er’ and ‘est’
PositiveComparativeSuperlativePositiveComparativeSuperlative
BlackBlackerBlackestbrightbrighterbrightest
FairFairerFaireststrongstrongerstrongest
CleverClevererCleverestboldbolderboldest
PoorPoorerPoorestyoungyoungeryoungest
greatgreatergreatestcoldcoldercoldest
highhigherhighestfastfasterfastest
kindkinderkindestsweetsweetersweetest
longlongerlongesttalltallertallest
smallsmallersmallestweakweakerweakest
richricherrichestthickthickerthickest
By adding ‘r’ and ‘st’
PositiveComparativeSuperlativePositiveComparativeSuperlative
bravebraverbravestpalepalerpalest
finefinerfinestsimplesimplersimplest
largelargerlargestwisewiserwisest
nicenicernicestwhitewhiterwhitest
noblenoblernoblest   
By doubling the final consonats
PositiveComparativeSuperlativePositiveComparativeSuperlative
bigbiggerbiggesthothotterhottest
dimdimmerdimmestthinthinnerthinnest
fatfatterfattestWetWetterWettest
sadsaddersaddestslimslimmerslimmest
By deleting the final ‘y’ and adding ‘ier’ and ‘iest’
PositiveComparativeSuperlativePositiveComparativeSuperlative
costlycostliercostliestPrettierPrettierPrettiest
drydrierdriestBusyBusierBusiest
easyeasiereasiestlazylasierlasiest
happyhappierhappiestmercymerciermerciest
heavyheavierheaviestwealthywealthierwealthiest
chewychewierchewiest   
Exceptional
PositiveComparativeSuperlativePositiveComparativeSuperlative
Good/wellBetterBestOutOuter/utter Utmost/utter most
Bad/evil/illWorseWorstFarFartherFarthest
Much/ManyMoreMostForeFormerForemost/first
LittleLessLeastForeFurtherFurthest
Latelater/latterLatest/lastInInnerInmost/inner most
Old Older/elderOldest/eldestUpUpperUpmost/uppermost
nearnearernearestfunmore/less funmost/least fun
hindhinderhindermostnighnigherNighest/ next

There are also some adjectives that can be inflected using either form we looked at above. The following are some of the most common:

Adjective (positive degree)Comparative degreeSuperlative degree
clevercleverer or more/less clevercleverest or most/least clever
likelylikelier or more/less likelylikeliest or most/least likely
narrownarrower or more/less narrownarrowest or most/least narrow
quietquieter or more/less quietquietest or most/least quiet
simplesimpler or more/less simplesimplest or most/least simple

1. Turn the following superlative into comparative and positive:

bravest, driest, thinnest, most attractive, most important, best, fastest, quickest, truest, finest, hardest, deepest, coldest, gentlest, least interesting, wisest, ugliest, worst, dullest, utmost, greatest, eldest, blackest, cheapest, fairest

2. Fill in the blank with the right form of degree in the brackets.

(a) There is no other story as — (funny/funnier/funniest) as this.

(b) Bangladesh is — (populous/more populous/most populous) than any other country.

(c) He is — (sincere/more sincere/most sincere) than his brother.

(d) This is the — (foggy/foggier/foggiest) day in the year.

(e) Jacocabath is the (warm/warmer/warmest) place in the world.

(f) Hanif is — (old/older/oldest) than any other player in the team.

(g)City life is not as — (quiet/quieter/quietest) as village life.

(h) Mahbub is the — (wise/wiser/wisest) boy in the class.

(i)No other gift is as — (fine/finer/finest) as this.

(j)Starvation is — (honourable/more honourable/most honourable) than begging.

3. Fill in the blank with the right form of degree in the brackets.

(a) Kamal does not get as — (high/higher/highest) marks as Jamal.

(b) This milk is — (fresh/fresher/freshest) than that.

(c) He is — (friendly/more friendly/most friendly) to me than to you.

(d) Iron is not as — (light/lighter/lightest) as cotton.

(e) You seem — (sleepy/sleepier/sleepiest) than he.

(f)You are the — (lazy/lazier/laziest) boy I have ever seen.

(g) I do not feel as — (free/freer/freest) as you.

(h) The old man is the — (hungry/hungrier/hungriest) of all men.

(i)His hair is — (grey/greyer/greyest) than yours.

(j)Shahin is not — (bold/bolder/boldest) than Shabuj.

4. Fill in the blank with the right form of degree in the brackets.

(a) Shoheb is — (smart/smarter/smartest) than Sakib.

(b)Travelling is pleasant/more pleasant/most pleasant) than many other things.

(c)This is the — (fancy/fancier/fanciest) dress in the shop.

(d) Trees are the — (good/better/best friend to us.

(e) Nipa is not as — (dull/duller/dullest) as Rita.

(f) He is the — (brave/braver/bravest) man.

(g)A crow is — (ugly/uglier/ugliest) than a dove.

(h)The Cuckoo sings — (sweet/sweeter/sweetest) than most other birds.

(i)I love my country — (much/more/most) than anything else.

(j)I do not know any person as — (humble/humbler/humblest) as he.

5. Fill in the blank with the right form of degree in the brackets.

(a) Very few persons are as — (sad/sadder/saddest) as he.

(b) He is — (gentle/gentler/gentlest) than any other person in the village.

(c) I did not see anything as — (black/blacker/blackest) as this.

(d) Dishonour is not as — (preferable/more preferable/most preferable) as death.

(e) The Meghna is — (deep/deeper/deepest) than any other river in Bangladesh.

(f) This pen is as — (new/newer/newest) as that.

(g)Grapes are the — (tasty/tastier/tastiest) of all fruits.

(h) Anwar is — (young/younger/youngest) than Akmal.

(i) No other person is as — (wealthy/wealthier/wealthiest) as he.

(j) There is no other person as — (healthy/healthier/healthiest) as he.

6. Fill in the blank with the right form of degree in the brackets.

(a) Liza is the — (proud/prouder/proudest) of all girls.

(b) No other road is as — (muddy/muddier/muddiest) as this.

(c) English is — (rich/richer/richest) than any other language.

(d) The cow is — (useful/more useful/most useful) than any other animal.

(e) No other person is as — (hot/hotter/hottest) as he to do this job.

(f) He is — (near/nearer/nearest) to us than anybody else.

(g) He is the — (active/more active/most active) person.

(h) Milk is — (nutritious/more nutritious/ most nutritious) than any other food.

(i) These fruits are not as — (fresh/fresher/freshest) as those.

(j) This is — (good/better/best) than all other story books.

7. Fill in the blank with the right form of degree in the brackets.

(a) No other girl is as — (pretty/prettier/prettiest) as she.

(b) Gold is the — costly/costlier/costliest) of all metals.

(e) Your handwriting is — (clumsy/clumsier/clumsiest) than hers.

(d) I have not seen any person as — (cruel/crueler/cruelest) as he.

(e)Your hands are not as big/bigger/biggest) as hers.

(f)The Ramadan is the — (holy/holier/holiest) month for the Muslims.

(g)This ghee is — (pure/purer/purest) than that.

(h) Bangladesh is (green/greener/greenest) than many other countries.

(i) Very few persons are as — (greedy/greedier/greediest) as he.

(j) You seem — (gloomy/gloomier/gloomiest) than before.

8. Fill in the blank with the right form of degree in the brackets.

(a) Liton is the — (handsome/more handsome/ most handsome) boy in the school.

(b) His room is — (tidy/tidier/tidiest) than yours.

(c) The security of the airport was tight/tighter/tightest) than before.

(d) Sumi’s hair is — (curly/curlier/curliest) than Suma’s.

(e)His manner is — (calm/calmer/calmest) than any other person.

(f)Rina’s knowledge in English is not as — (sound/sounder/soundest) as Nasrin.

(g)This is the — (interesting/more interesting/most interesting) matter.

(h) She is — (happy/happier/happiest) than he.

(i) Honesty is — (much/more/most) than anything else.

(j) He is the — (thin/thinner/thinnest) boy in class.

9. Fill in the blank with the right form of degree in the brackets.

(a) The Padma is the — (large/larger/largest) river in Bangladesh.

(b) Gold is — (precious/more precious/most precious) than iron.

(c) No other girl is as — (pretty/prettier/prettiest) as Rani.

(d) January is — (cold/colder/coldest) than December.

(e) Anis is — (happy/happier/happiest) than you.

(f)He is one of the — (good/better/best) boys in the class.

(g) English is — (rich/richer/richest) than any other language.

(h) He is — (noble/nobler/noblest) than any other person I have ever met.

(i)A bird cannot sy as — (last/faster/fastest) as a plane.

(j) Dhaka is the — (big/bigger/biggest) city in Bangladesh

10. Fill in the blank with the right form of degree in the brackets.

(a) Very few metals are as — (precious) as gold.

(b) Chattogram is the — (big) port in Bangladesh.

(c) He is — (old) than any other man in the village.

(d) Tomatoes are — (cheap) than oranges.

(e) A bird does not run as — (fast) as a train.

(f) Jamil is the — (wise) man in the village.

(g) Mr. Jabbar is the popular) teacher in our school.

(h) She is — (beautiful) than her sister.

(i) Very few boys are as — (brave) as he.

(j) Bhutan is one of the — (small) countries in the world.

11. Fill in the blank with the right form of degree in the brackets.

(a) There is no other fruit as — (cheapest) as pine apple.

(b) It runs the — (fast) of all horses.

(c) Ibrahim is — (wise) than Raju.

(d) There is no other place as — (loneliest) as this.

(e) It is the — (famous) school in the town.

(f) He is — (wealthiest) than his brother.

(g)Very few persons are as — (politest) as his brother.

(h) Our English teacher is — (humble) than any other teacher in the school.

(i) This is the — (safe) place.

(j) I arrived — (early) than you.

12. Fill in the blank with the right form of degree in the brackets.

(a) Omar is the — (elder) son in the family.

(b) No other person is as — (braver) as he.

(c) She is — (proud) than her sister.

(d) His way of life is — (simple) than all other persons in the village.

(e) Imran is the — (talented) of all students.

(f) 21st February is — (memorable) than any other day.

(g) This is the — (happy) day in my life.

(h) No other day is as — (mistier) as today.

(i) This is the — (easy) way.

(j) Very few days are as — (colder) as today.

13. Fill in the blank with the right form of degree in the brackets.

(a) This is the — (wide) road in the city.

(b) Very few roads are as — (narrowest) as this road.

(c) You are the — (weak) student in the school.

(d) This tree is — (tall) than that.

(e) You are not as — (slower) as he.

(f) This knife is — (sharp) than that one.

(g) Bangladesh is one of the — (fertile) lands in the world.

(h) Nothing passes as — (quickliest) as time.

(i) The climate of Rajshahi is not — (healthful) than that of Cox’s Bazar.

(j) Your horse is not — (well) trained than this.

14. Fill in the blank with the right form of degree in the brackets.

(a) This is the — (large) mosque.

(b) The pen is — (might) than the sword.

(c) Akbar was — (powerful) than any other kings in India.

(d) This place is — (clean) than that one.

(e) This is the — (dirty) place in the city.

(f) Very few places are as — (noisiest) as this place.

(g) He draws the — (low) salary in the office.

(h) They live in the — (remote) corner of the country.

(i) He is one of my — (close) friends.

(j) Cotton is — (soft) than many other fibres.

15. Fill in the blank with the right form of degree in the brackets.

(a) Aziz is the — (sincere) student in our school.

(b) Very few scenes are as — (loveliest) as this.

(c) Autumn in Bangladesh is not — (warm) than summer.

(d) A journey by boat gives me the — (great) pleasure.

(e) Swimming is — (good) than any other exercise.

(f) This story is — (funny) than any other story.

(g)The days in the winter are — (foggy) than those of other seasons.

(h) This road is — (muddy) than that.

(i) Bangladesh is the — (populous) country in the world.

(j) Very few persons in the village are as — (poorest) as he.