2022

DHAKA BOARD2022
English (Compulsory)− First Paper
Time: 2 hours Full marks : 50
Part−I : Reading Test [30 Marks] 
Read the passage and answer the question no. 1. 
Kuakata, locally known as Sagar Kannya (Daughter of the Sea) is a rare scenic spot located on the southernmost tip of Bangladesh. Kuakata in Latachapli union under Kalapara Police Station of Patuakhali district is about 30 km in length and 6 km in breadth. It is 70 km from Patuakhali district headquarters and 320 km from Dhaka. An excellent combination of the picturesque natural beauty, sandy beaches, blue sky and the shimmering expanse of water of the Bay of Bengal and the evergreen forest makes Kuakata a much sought after tourist destination.  The name Kuakata takes its origin from the story of a ‘Kua’ or well dug on the sea shore by the early Rakhaine settlers for collecting drinking water. The Rakhaines had landed on Kuakata coast after being expelled from Arakan by the Mughals. Following the first well, it became a tradition to dig wells in the neighborhood of Rakhaine homesteads for fresh water supply.  Kuakata is one of the unique spots which allows a visitor to watch both the sunrise and the sunset from the beach. That perhaps makes Kuakata one of the world’s most attractive beaches. The long and wide beach at Kuakata has a typical natural setting. This sandy beach slopes gently into the Bay and bathing there is as pleasant as is swimming or diving.  Kuakata is truly a virgin beach and a sanctuary for migratory winter birds. Fishing boats plying in the Bay of Bengal with colourful sails, surfing waves and the lines of coconut trees add to the vibrant colours of Kuakata. The indigenous culture of the Rakhaine community and hundred year old Buddhist temples indicate the age – old tradition and cultural heritage of this area.  Kuakata is also a holy land for the Hindus and Buddhists. Each year thousands of devotees come here to attend the festivals Rash Purnima and Maghi Purnima. On these two days, pilgrims take holy bath and enjoy going to the traditional fairs.
1. Choose the correct answer from the alternatives: 0.5 × 10 = 5
(a) The word ‘located’ in line 1 could be best replaced by ⎯⎯.  i. local people ii. looted  iii. situated iv. available 
(b) At Kuakata, visitors can take pleasure in watching from the sea beach ⎯⎯. i. only the sunrise ii. only the sunset  iii. both the sunrise and the sunset iv. all of the above are false 
(c) The word ‘Shimmering’ in the text could be best replaced by ⎯⎯.  i. shivering ii. shining  iii. significant iv. glaring 
(d) ‘Scenic spot’ refers to ⎯⎯.  i. a place having multiple scenes ii. a place having a calm atmosphere iii. a place of unparalleled natural beauty iv. a place having untidy spots 
(e) Where did the Rakhine live earlier?  i. on Kuakata coast ii. in Patuakhali district  iii. Southernmost tip of India iv. in Arakan 
(f) The word ‘devotee’ stands for ⎯⎯.  i. a person who is devoted to something ii. a person who is hostile to somebody iii. a person who is devoid of something iv. a person who has no dwelling place
(g) Kuakata is truly a virgin beach and a sanctuary for migratory winter birds ⎯⎯ What does it imply? 
i. it is an unused beach ii. it is a habitat for migratory birds iii. it is an abode of winter birds iv. All the above statements are correct  
(h) In Kuakata tourism can be a ⎯⎯ source of earning money.  i. detrimental ii. spontaneous  iii. lucrative iv. perilous 
(i) What does the word ‘settler’ in the passage mean?  i. gypsy ii. nomadic  iii. vagabond iv. dweller 
(j) Why is Kuakata a much sought after tourist destination?  i. For an excellent combination of the picturesque natural beauty  ii. Because of sandy beaches and blue sky  iii. For the simmering expanse of water of the Bay of Bengal  iv. All of the above answers are correct 
Read the following passage and answer the questions no. 2 and 3. } Unit−1; Lesson−1 
My brothers,  I stand before you today with a heart overflowing with grief. You are fully aware of the events that are going on and understand their import. We have been trying to do our best to cope with the situation.  And yet, unfortunately, the streets of Dhaka, Chattagram, Khulna, Rajshahi and Rangpur are awash with the blood of our brothers. The people of Bengal now want to be free, the people of Bengal now want to live, and the people of Bengal now want their rights.  What have we done that was wrong? After the elections, the people of Bangladesh voted as one for me, for the Awami League. We were to sit in the National Assembly, draft a constitution for ourselves there, and build our country; the people of this land would thereby get economic, political, and cultural freedom. But it is with regret that I have to report to you today that we have passed through twenty  three tragic years; Bengal’s history of those years is full of stories of torture inflicted on our people, of blood shed by them repeatedly. Twenty-three years of a history of men and women in agony! The history of Bengal is the history of a people who have repeatedly made their highways red with their blood. We shed blood in 1952; even though we were the victors in the elections of 1954 we could not form a government then. In 1958 Ayub Khan declared Martial Law to enslave us for the next ten years.  In 1966 when we launched the sixpoint movement our boys were shot dead on 7 June. When after the movement of 1969 Ayub Khan fell from power and Yahya Khan assumed the reins of the government he declared that he would give us a constitution and restore democracy; we listened to him then. A lot has happened since and elections have taken place.  I’ve met President Yahya Khan. I’ve made a request to him not only on behalf of Bengal but also as the leader of the party which has the majority in Pakistan; I said to him: “You must hold the session of the National Assembly on 15 February.” But he did not listen to me. He listened to Mr. Bhutto instead. At first he said that the meeting would take place in the first week of March. We said, “Fine, we will be taking our seats in the Assembly then.” I said we will carry out our discussions in the Assembly. I went so far as to say that if anyone came up with an offer that was just, even though we were in the majority we would agree to that offer.
2. Answer the following questions: 2 × 4 = 8
(a) “People of Bangladesh now want to be free.”⎯Explain the line in context of the passage.
(b) How can a country get economic, political and cultural freedom? 
(c) Why is 1966 important for us? 
(d) Do you know the period mentioned as the ‘twenty-three tragic years’? Why was the period termed as tragic? Explain in your own words. 
3. Write the synonyms or antonyms of the words as directed below. 0.5 × 10 = 5
(a) grief (antonym) (b) constitution (synonym) (c) torture (synonym) (d) agony (antonym) (e) enslave (synonym) (f) democracy (antonym) (g) assembly (synonym) (h) movement (synonym) (i) repeatedly (antonym) (j) majority (antonym) 
4. Fill in the blanks with an appropriate word in each gap. 0.5 × 8 = 4
Sincerity is the best way of achieving success. One can go a long way if one does anything with sincerity. People who are sincere in their work are (a) ⎯⎯ of making anything success. Those who are not (b) ⎯⎯ can never (c) ⎯⎯ a long way in the world. The poor people are not always sincere because they do not know the (d) ⎯⎯ of sincerity. If they knew it, they would (e) ⎯⎯ a good use of it. Sincerity means not only to do work (f) ⎯⎯ but also with dutifulness, honesty, modesty and good behaviour. If all of us (g) ⎯⎯ sincere, our country will (h) ⎯⎯ be prosperous. 
5. Rearrange the following sentences to make a coherent order. 1 × 8 = 8
(a) He asked him where God is. 
(b) Once a lad went to a famous teacher. 
(c) The teacher thought highly of the boy’s understanding. 
(d) The lad replied that he would answer if he would tell where He is not. 
(e) He begged to instruct him in the arts and sciences. 
(f) He urged to teach the lad. 
(g) He expressed his desire to acquire knowledge. 
(h) The teacher wished to find out the ability of the boy. 
Part−II: Guided Writing [20 Marks] 
6. Write a paragraph on “Food Adulteration” based on the answer to the following questions. 7
(a) What do you mean by food adulteration? (b) How does food get adulterated? (c) Why is it being done so? (d) Who are responsible for food adulteration? (e) Do you think that food adulteration should be continued or it should be controlled immediately? 
7. The following is the beginning of a story and complete it in your own words. Give a suitable title to the story. 7 There was a naughty cowboy who grazed his cows beside a forest. He used to make fun with people crying Tiger! Tiger!…… 
8. Write a summary of the following text. 6
“He is at the epicenter of our time, ours in South Africa, and yours, wherever you are,” Nadine Gordimer, the South African writer and Nobel Laureate for Literature, once remarked. The years Mandela spent behind bars made him the world’s most celebrated political prisoner and a leader of mythic stature for millions of black South Africans and other oppressed people far beyond  his country’s borders.  Charged with capital offences in the 1963 Rivonia Trial, his statement from the dock was his political testimony.  “During my lifetime I have dedicated myself to this struggle of the African people. I have fought against white domination, and I have fought against black domination.”  “I have cherished the ideal of a democratic and free society in which all persons live together in harmony and with equal opportunities,” he told the court.  “It is an ideal I hope to live for and to achieve. But if needs be, it is an ideal for which I am prepared to die.”  Friends adored Mandela and fondly called him “Madiba”, the clan name by which he was known.  People lauded his humanity, kindness and dignity. [Unit−1; Lesson−2]
RAJSHAHI BOARD2022 
Time: 2 hours
English (Compulsory)− First Paper
Full marks : 50 PartI : Reading Test [30 Marks] 
Read the passage and answer the question no. 1. Unit12; Lesson
Kuakata, locally known as Sagar Kannya (Daughter of the Sea) is a rare scenic spot located on the southernmost tip of Bangladesh. Kuakata in Latachapli union under Kalapara Police Station of Patuakhali district is about 30 km in length and 6 km in breadth. It is 70 km from Patuakhali district headquarters and 320 km from Dhaka. An excellent combination of the picturesque natural beauty, sandy beaches, blue sky and the shimmering expanse of water of the Bay of Bengal and the evergreen forest makes Kuakata a much sought after tourist destination.  The name Kuakata takes its origin from the story of a ‘Kua’ or well dug on the sea shore by the early Rakhaine settlers for collecting drinking water. The Rakhaines had landed on Kuakata coast after being expelled from Arakan by the Mughals. Following the first well, it became a tradition to dig wells in the neighborhood of Rakhaine homesteads for fresh water supply.  Kuakata is one of the unique spots which allows a visitor to watch both the sunrise and the sunset from the beach. That perhaps makes Kuakata one of the world’s most attractive beaches. The long and wide beach at Kuakata has a typical natural setting. This sandy beach slopes gently into the Bay and bathing there is as pleasant as is swimming or diving.  Kuakata is truly a virgin beach and a sanctuary for migratory winter birds. Fishing boats plying in the Bay of Bengal with colourful sails, surfing waves and the lines of coconut trees add to the vibrant colours of Kuakata. The indigenous culture of the Rakhaine community and hundre year old Buddhist temples indicate the age – old tradition and cultural heritage of this area.  Kuakata is also a holy land for the Hindus and Buddhists. Each year thousands of devotees come here to attend the festivals Rash Purnima and Maghi Purnima. On these two days, pilgrims take holy bath and enjoy going to the traditional fairs.
1. Choose the correct answer from the alternatives: 0.5 × 10 = 5  
(a) What does the word ‘rare’ mentioned in the passage refer to?  i. common ii. trifle iii. general iv. uncommon  
(b) What is the verb form of ‘beauty’ mentioned in the passage?  i. beautiful ii. beautifully iii. beautify iv. beautification 
(c) The word ‘indigenous’ in the passage means ⎯⎯.  i. alien ii. native iii. foreign iv. akin 
(d) The synonym of ‘perhaps’ is ⎯⎯.  i. frankly ii. unlikely iii. probably iv. truly 
(e) Kuakata is a holy land for ⎯⎯.  i. the Buddhists ii. the Rakhaine iii. the Hindus iv. both the Hindus and Buddhists (f) The Rakhaines originally came from ⎯⎯.  i. Arakan district ii. Kuakata coast iii. Latachapli union iv. Patuakhali district 
(g) What does the word ‘origin’ in the passage refer to? 
i. End ii. Source iii. Outlet iv. Introduction
(h) The word ‘unique’ mentioned in the passage is a/an ⎯⎯.  i. verb ii. adverb iii. adjective iv. noun 
(i) The word ‘holy’ mentioned in the passage means ⎯⎯.  i. open ii. shrine iii. free iv. pure 
(j) When, according to the passage, did the Rakhaines settle down on Kuakata coast?  i. When they were invited by the Mughals. ii. When they were expelled from their country by the Mughals.  iii. When they found the land suitable for living. iv. When the Mughals came to Arakans. 
Read the following passage and answer the questions no. 2 and 3. Unit4; Lesson1
As a child you must have been told to greet your elders and visitors to your home according to your  culture and tradition. You must also have been taught to be polite in company and keep quiet while others, especially your elders, spoke. Possibly, you at times grudged such schooling. Possibly, at times you even protested such disciplining. Now, certainly you know that you can’t always behave the way you want specially in the presence of others. There are rules of behavior you have to follow in a company. We are social beings and have to consider the effect of our behaviour on others, even if we are at home and dealing with our family members. We have two terms to describe our social behaviour− ‘etiquette’ and ‘manners’. ‘Etiquette’ is a French word and it means the rules of correct behaviour in society. The word ‘manners’ means the behaviour that is considered to be polite in a particular society or culture. Manners can be good or bad. For example, it is a bad manner to speak with food in one’s mouth. No one likes a bad-mannered person.  Remember that etiquette and manners vary from culture to culture and from society to society.  We learn etiquette and manners from our parents, families and various institutions, such as schools, colleges or professional bodies. There are rules of behaviour for all kinds of social occasions and it is important to learn them and practise them in everyday life.
2. Answer the following questions: 2 × 4 = 8
(a) What do you mean by ‘etiquette’ and ‘manners’? 
(b) What have we been taught as a child to do when we are in company? 
(c) Manner can be good or bad. Explain the statement. 
(d) Where do we learn etiquette and manners from? Why do we have to be careful about etiquette and manners?  3. Write the synonyms or antonyms of the words as directed below. 0.5 × 10 = 5
(a) tradition (synonym) (b) elders (antonym) (c) wedding (synonym) (d) pleasant (antonym) (e) protest (antonym) (f) possibly (synonym) (g) company (synonym) (h) presence (antonym) (i) polite (synonym) (j) behave (antonym)  4. Fill in the blanks with an appropriate word in each gap. 0.5 × 8 = 4
Language plays a very important (a) ⎯⎯ in our life. We use language from the (b) ⎯⎯ we wake up in the morning (c) ⎯⎯ we go to bed at night. We use language to express what we (d) ⎯⎯ and to say what we like or (e) ⎯⎯. We also use language to (f) ⎯⎯ information. In short, language is (g) ⎯⎯ present in our life. It is an (h) ⎯⎯ part of what we do and believe. 
5. Rearrange the following sentences to make a coherent order. 1 × 8 = 8
(a) A number of people applied for the job. 
(b) They came through a passage where gold coins were kept. 
(c) Once there lived a Sultan in a country. 
(d) Then he invited applications. 
(e) When they all arrived, the Sultan asked them to dance. 
(f) He wanted to appoint an honest man as his tax collector. 
(g) The applicants were asked to meet the Sultan one by one. 
(h) So, he asked lor the wise counsellor’s advice. 
PartII: Guided Writing [20 Marks] 
6. Write a paragraph on “Price Hike” based on the answer to the following questions. 7
(a) What is price hike? (b) Why does price of things increase? (c) How do people suffer for price hike? (d) How can we control it? (e) What should we do to stop it?
7. The following is the beginning of a story and complete it in your own words. Give a suitable title to the story. 7 One day I was going to college to take my final exam at 10 am. At 9 when I was 20 minutes away from my college, suddenly a sick old man fell down…… 
8. Write a summary of the following text. 6
My name is Amerigo. I am 13 years old and I live on the street, alone. My mother, who is separated from my father, doesn’t want me. She told me to go away …. Now she is married to another man. My father lives very far away. I want to go to him, but he won’t take me either. I begged him to send me some money so that I could buy a bus ticket. I am still waiting. He hasn’t answered. The streets are now my home. Sometimes I find work. I used to collect trash and sell it to a vendor. I stopped doing that after I had a serious infection and a doctor told me to stay away from the trash dump. Once I worked for an ice cream shop owner and sold ice cream on the beach. But I got no money in return. The owner of the shop gave me something to eat, and let me sleep in his hut at night. The work was difficult and painful. The ice cream box is quite heavy when it is full. I had to walk for hours, offering my ice cream to whoever wanted to buy. There were days when I could not even sell one ice cream.  In a way, I am lucky because I am alive. My friends who work sorting rubbish in dumps often suffer from serious diseases. One of them was recently killed after he fell into a hole that opened up in the pile of trash. Many of us work for 10 to 12 hours, and get so little in return that we can’t even buy food. [Unit−8; Lesson−4]  
JASHORE BOARD2022
Time: 2 hours
English (Compulsory)− First Paper
Full marks : 50
PartI : Reading Test [30 Marks] 
Read the passage and answer the question no. 1. 
Bangladesh is blessed with huge inland open water resources. It has numerous rivers, canals, beels, lakes, and vast areas of floodplains. Hakaluki haor is one of the major wetlands of Bangladesh. With a land area of 18,386 hectares, it supports a rich biodiversity and provides direct and indirect livelihood  benefits to nearly 190,000 people. This haor was declared an Ecologically Critical Area in April 1999 by the government of Bangladesh.  Hakaluki is a complex ecosystem, containing more than 238 interconnecting beels and jalmahals. The most important beels are Chatla, Pinlarkona, Dulla, Sakua, Barajalla, Balijhuri, Lamba, Tekonia,  Haorkhal, Tural, Baghalkuri and Chinaura.  Hakaluki Haor is bounded by the Kushiara river as well as a part of the Sonai-Bardal river to the north, by the Fenchuganj-Kulaura railway to the west and to the south, and by the Kulaura Beanibazar road to the east. The haor falls under two administrative districts, Maulvibazar and Sylhet.  Some 190,000 people live in the area surrounding the haor.  Hakaluki Haor is an important source of fisheries resources for Bangladesh. Kalibaus, Boal, Rui, Ghagot, Pabda and Chapila are the main fish species found here. From the Kushiara there are frequent upstream movement of fish towards the beels and tributaries of Hakaluki. The beels in Hakaluki haor provide winter shelter for the mother fisheries. In early monsoon these mother fisheries produce millions of fries for the entire downstream fishing communities. Floodplains are also an important source of fisheries resources within the area. However, many of the beels have lost their capacity to provide shelter for mother fisheries because of sand deposits from upstream rivers and canals, use of complete dewatering technique for fishing and lack of aquatic plants to provide feed and shelter for parent fish. [Unit-10; Lesson-2]
1. Choose the correct answer from the alternatives: 0.5 × 10 = 5
(a) The word ‘resource’ stands for ⎯⎯.  i. wealth ii. establishment iii. source iv. entrance
(b) ‘Livelihood’ could be best replaced by ⎯⎯.  i. credit ii. subsistence iii. profit iv. endurance
(c) When do the mother fisheries produce fries’?  i. In winter season ii. In the spring iii. In summer season iv. In rainy season
(d) Why have the heels lost the capacity to provide shelter for mother fries?  i. Because of the scarcity of water ii. Because of extreme water flow iii. Because of sand deposits from upstream rivers and canals  iv. Because of water pollution 
(e) What does the word ‘falls’ mean in the passage?  i. Refers to ii. Divides into iii. Belongs to iv. Drops into
(f) The word ‘aquatic’ refers to ⎯⎯.  i. fertile ii. terrestrial iii. small iv. marine
(g) Choose the false statement from the following:  i. Hakaluki Haor is an Ecologically Critical Area  ii. 1.9 million people live in the area surrounding Hakaluki Haor  iii. Hakaluki Haor is surrounded by a river called Chatla  iv. Different kinds of fisheries are available in Hakaluki Haor 
(h) What does ‘parent fish’ refer to?  i. Either mother or father fish ii. Roe or fish egg  iii. Brood of fish iv. All of them 
(i) The word ‘dewater’ in the passage implies ⎯⎯.  i. to fill with water ii. to pour water iii. to use water iv. to drain water
(j) What does the word ‘blessed’ imply?  i. Inundated ii. Flooded iii. Gifted iv. Cursed
Read the following passage and answer the questions no. 2 and 3.
Children must pass through several stages in their lives to become adults. For most people, there are four or five such stages of growth where they learn certain things: infancy (birth to age 2), early childhood (3 to 8 years), later childhood (9 to 12 years) and adolescence (13 to 18 years). Persons 18 and over are considered adults in our society. Of course, there are some who will try to act older than their years. But, for the most part, most individuals have to go through these stages irrespective of their economic or social status. World Health Organisation (WHO) identifies adolescence as the period in human growth and development that occurs after childhood and before adulthood. This phase represents one of the critical transitions in one’s life span and is characterised by fast-paced growth and change which are second only to those at infancy. Biological processes drive many aspects of this growth and development with the onset of puberty marking the passage from childhood to adolescence. The biological determinants of adolescence are fairly universal; however, the duration and defining characteristics of this period may vary across time, cultures, and socio-economic situations. This period has seen many changes over the past century-puberty, for example, comes earlier than before, people marry late, and their sexual attitudes and behaviours are different from their grandparents, or even parents. Among the factors responsible for the change are education, urbanization and spread of global communication.  The time of adolescence is a period of preparation for adulthood during which one experiences several key developments. Besides physical and sexual maturation, these experiences include movement toward social and economic independence, development of identity, the acquisition of skills needed to carry out adult relationships and roles and the capacity for abstract reasoning. While adolescence is a time of tremendous growth and potential, it is also a time of considerable risks during which social contexts exert powerful influences.  Many adolescents face pressure to use alcohol, cigarettes, or other drugs and to initiate sexual relationships putting themselves at high risk for intentional and unintentional injuries, unintended pregnancies, and Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs), including the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). Many also experience a wide range of adjustment and mental health problems. [Unit-6; Lesson-1]
2. Answer the following questions: 2 × 4 = 8
(a) Define adolescence in your own words.  
(b) What are the experiences an adolescent undergoes?  
(c) Mention the stages of growth from childhood to adulthood.  
(d) “Adolescence is a time of tremendous growth and potential”. Describe in brief.
3. Write the synonyms or antonyms of the words as directed below. 0.5 × 10 = 5
(a) situation (synonym) (b) fairly (antonym) (c) independence (antonym) (d) reasoning (synonym) (e) abstract (antonym) (f) consider (synonym) (g) exert (antonym) (h) potential (antonym) (i) individual (synonym) (j) tremendous (synonym) 
4. Fill in the blanks with an appropriate word in each gap. 0.5 × 8 = 4
Civility means polite (a) ⎯⎯ or modesty. It also (b) ⎯⎯ courteous manner. It is a great virtue (c) ⎯⎯ a man. To be well-behaved, or good-natured, we need not (d) ⎯⎯ money. We have to (e) ⎯⎯ willingness to attain civility. We have to (f) ⎯⎯ some code of conduct and (g) ⎯⎯ the norms of   etiquette of the society. It (h) ⎯⎯ from society to society. However, one has to practise good manner in one’s character from an early age. No expenditure but consciousness is required.
5. Rearrange the following sentences to make a coherent order. 1 × 8 = 8
(a) MRT Line-6 is the first line to be approved from Uttara to Motijheel covering a length of 20 km.
(b) This project is being developed by the Dhaka Mass Transit Company. 
(c) Moreover, this Metro Rail Project will have 16 elevated stations in total. 
(d) Indeed, the initiative will uplift the traffic system to an internationally advanced level.
(e) It is projected to serve 60,000 passengers per hour. 
(f) ‘The Dhaka Metro Rail Project’ is a wise and far-sighted initiative by the current government. (g) It will also reduce the existing traffic jams to a great extent. 
(h) A total of five lines, MRT 1, 2. 4, 5, and 6 have been proposed for this project.
PartII: Guided Writing [20 Marks] 
6. Write a paragraph in about 200 words on “The Impact of Facebook on Teenagers”. 8
7. The following is the beginning of a story and complete it in your own words. Give a suitable title to the story. 6
It was 20 March of 2020. Sarah was very happy because her family was going to have a tour to Saint Martin’s Island the next week. She was watching TV with a jolly mood. Suddenly, a news popped up—“Government has declared lockdown for a period of 15 days all over the country with a view to  controlling the spread of Covid-19 and protecting people from being infected with it……. 
8. Write a summary of the following text. 6
All people dream, but not equally. 
Those who dream by night in the dusty recesses of their mind, 
Wake in the morning to find that it was vanity. 
But the dreamers of the day are dangerous people, 
For they dream their dreams with open eyes, 
And make them come true. [Unit−2; Lesson−2]
CUMILLA BOARD2022 
Time: 2 hours
English (Compulsory)− First Paper
Full marks: 50
PartI : Reading Test [30 Marks] 
Read the passage and answer the question no. 1. Unit4; Lesson1
As a child you must have been told to greet your elders and visitors to your home according to your culture and tradition. You must also have been taught to be polite in company and keep quiet while others, especially your elders, spoke. Possibly, you at times grudged such schooling. Possibly, at times you even protested such disciplining. Now, certainly you know that you can’t always behave the way you want specially in the presence of others. There are rules of behavior you have to follow in a company. We are social beings and have to consider the effect of our behaviour on others, even if we are at home and dealing with our family members.  We have two terms to describe our social behaviour− ‘etiquette’ and ‘manners’. ‘Etiquette’ is a French word and it means the rules of correct behaviour in society. The word ‘manners’ means the behaviour that is considered to be polite in a particular society or culture. Manners can be good or bad. For example, it is a bad manner to speak with food in one’s mouth. No one likes a bad-mannered person.  Remember that etiquette and manners vary from culture to culture and from society to society.  We learn etiquette and manners from our parents, families and various institutions, such as schools, colleges or professional bodies. There are rules of behaviour for all kinds of social occasions and it is important to learn them and practise them in everyday life. The manners that are correct in a wedding reception will not do in a debating club. Therefore, we have to be careful about etiquette and manners.  We know how important it is to say ‘please’ and ‘thank you’ in everyday life. A few morepolite expressions such as ‘pardon me,’ ‘excuse me’, ‘may I’, are bound to make your day smooth and pleasant.
1. Choose the correct answer from the alternatives: 0.5 × 10 = 5
(a) What is the closest meaning of the word ‘Greet’?  i. Congratulate ii. Welcome iii. Consider iv. See off
(b) The phrase ‘keep quiet’ in the passage stands for ⎯⎯.  i. noisy ii. stand iii. silent iv. chaos
(c) The synonym of ‘schooling’ is ⎯⎯.  i. knowledge ii. experience iii. sensibility iv. education
(d) What should be the antonym of ‘certainly’?  i. Discertainly ii. Miscertainly iii. Uncertainly iv. Non-certainly
(e) Our social behaviour is described by ⎯⎯ terms.  i. three ii. four iii. one iv. two 
(f) The word ‘polite’ can be replaced by ⎯⎯.  i. gentle ii. calm iii. wise iv. silent
(g) Manners is of ⎯⎯ kinds.  i. five ii. six iii. two iv. four 
(h) A bad mannered person is disliked by ⎯⎯.  i. nobody ii. everybody iii. somebody iv. someone
(i) ‘Please’ is a kind of ⎯⎯.  i. order ii. proposal iii. request iv. offerings
(j) The word ‘occasions’ can be replaced by ⎯⎯.  i. meetings ii. programmes iii. entertainments iv. feasts
Read the following passage and answer the questions no. 2 and 3. 
Kuakata, locally known as Sagar Kannya (Daughter of the Sea) is a rare scenic spot located on the southernmost tip of Bangladesh. Kuakata in Latachapli union under Kalapara Police Station of Patuakhali district is about 30 km in length and 6 km in breadth. It is 70 km from Patuakhali district headquarters and 320 km from Dhaka. An excellent combination of the picturesque natural beauty, sandy beaches, blue sky and the shimmering expanse of water of the Bay of Bengal and the evergreen forest makes Kuakata a much sought after tourist destination.  The name Kuakata takes its origin from the story of a ‘Kua’ or well dug on the sea shore by the early Rakhaine settlers for collecting drinking water. The Rakhaines had landed on Kuakata coast after being expelled from Arakan by the Mughals. Following the first well, it became a tradition to dig wells in the neighborhood of Rakhaine homesteads for fresh water supply.
2. Answer the following questions  2 × 4 = 8
(a) What is the distance of Kuakata from Patuakhali and Dhaka? 
(b) What makes Kuakata an attractive tourist spot? 
(c) How is the name Kuakata originated? 
(d) Why did the Rakhaines come to Kuakata? 
3. Write the synonyms or antonyms of the words as directed below. 0.5 × 10 = 5
(a) Rare (Synonym) (b) Natural (Antonym) (c) Excellent (Synonym) (d) Follow (Antonym) (e) Forest (Synonym) (f) Early (Antonym) (g) Destination (Synonym) (h) Expel (Antonym) (i) Tradition (Synonym) (j) Fresh (Antonym) 
4. Fill in the blanks with an appropriate word in each gap. 0.5 × 8 = 4
Gender (a) ⎯⎯ is a deeply rooted social and cultural problem of our country. From the very (b) ⎯⎯ of a girl child the disparity begins. Day by day she grows up and faces the (c) ⎯⎯ attitude of the (d) ⎯⎯ members to her. She begins to understand that she is deprived of the basic (e) ⎯⎯ necessary to build up her career. But she does not get (f) ⎯⎯ way to overcome the burdens of the (g) ⎯⎯ of social oppression. In this way, she ends up her life keeping her dreams in her (h) ⎯⎯. 
5. Rearrange the following sentences to make a coherent order. 1 × 8 = 8
(a) In 1994, Mandela was elected as the first black president of Africa. 
(b) After passing nearly three decades, he was freed. 
(c) Nelson Mandela, the black leader understood the fact. 
(d) Finally, he left his public life in 2004 and worldly life in 2013. 
(e) While domination in South Africa was a very inhuman practice. 
(f) So, he was arrested and sent behind the prison bar. 
(g) He raised his voice against the cruelties of apartheid. 
(h) The white African leader F.W. de Klerk negotiated the end of racism. 
PartII: Guided Writing [20 Marks] 
6. Write a paragraph on “Dream” based on the answer to the following questions. 7
(a) What is a dream? (b) What are the characteristics of a dream? (c) Why do we dream? (d) Do you have any dream in your life? (e) What do you do to fulfil your dream?
7. The following is the beginning of a story and complete it in your own words. Give a suitable title to the story. 7 Bithi is a shelterless, helpless street orphan of ten years who sells flowers on the intersection of Dhaka street. She lives on the income of what she gets from selling flowers. One day, while selling  flowers in the traffic jam……. 
8. Write a summary of the following text. 6
World Health Organisation (WHO) identifies adolescence as the period in human growth and development that occurs after childhood and before adulthood. This phase represents one of the critical transitions in one’s life span and is characterised by fast-paced growth and change which are second only to those at infancy. Biological processes drive many aspects of this growth and development with the onset of puberty marking the passage from childhood to adolescence. The biological determinants of adolescence are fairly universal; however, the duration and defining characteristics of this period may vary across time, cultures, and socio-economic situations. This period has seen many changes over the past century-puberty, for example, comes earlier than before, people marry late, and their sexual attitudes and behaviours are different from their grandparents, or even parents. Among the factors responsible for the change are education, urbanization and spread of global communication. [Unit−6; Lesson−1]
CHATTOGRAM BOARD2022 
Time : 2 hours
English (Compulsory)− First Paper
Full marks : 50
PartI : Reading Test [30 Marks] 
Read the passage and answer the question no. 1. 
Adolescents constitute a nation’s core resource for national renewal and growth. Adolescence is a period in life when transition from childhood to adulthood takes place and behaviours and life styles are shaped. According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), adolescence is the period which shapes the future of girls’ and boys’ lives. There are 28 million adolescents in Bangladesh; 13.7 million of them are girls and 14.3 million boys.  The situation of adolescent girls in Bangladesh is characterised by inequality and subordination within the family and society. This inequality leads to widespread practice of child marriage, marginalisation or exclusion from health, education and economic opportunities, and vulnerability to violence and sexual abuse.  In Bangladesh, the legal age of marriage is 18 for girls and 21 for boys. However, 33 percent of adolescent girls are married before the age of 15 and 60 percent become mothers by the age of 19.  Research finds that adolescents with higher level of education and from more affluent families tend to marry at a later age. Boys, however, become ready for marriage only after several years of adolescence and young adulthood. [Unit-6; Lesson-2]
1. Choose the correct answer from the alternatives: 0.5 × 10 = 5
(a) What could be the closest meaning of the word ‘constitute’ in the first sentence? i. Take ii. Form iii. Add iv. Mark
(b) The phrase ‘take place’ in the second sentence stands for ⎯⎯.  i. occur ii. recur iii. go to a place iv. all of them (c) The synonym of ‘affluent’ is ⎯⎯.  i. destitute ii. poor iii. poverty iv. well off
(d) What could be the closest meaning of the word ‘core’ in the first sentence?  i. Alternative ii. Subsidiary iii. Central iv. Minor
(e) The phrase ‘leads to’ in the passage refers to ⎯⎯.  i. results of ii. results in iii. results from iv. results to
(f) Adolescence is a ⎯⎯ period from childhood to adulthood.  i. constant ii. transitional iii. rigid iv. fixed 
(g) The synonym of ‘legal’ is ⎯⎯.  i. illicit ii. banned iii. prohibited iv. lawful
(h) The word ‘economic’ can be replaced by ⎯⎯.  i. monetary ii. economical iii. cheap iv. financed
(i) The word ‘widespread’ mentioned in the passage means ⎯⎯.  i. limited ii. wide-ranging iii. narrow iv. minor
(j) The word ‘marginalization’ refers to ⎯⎯.  i. holding a lot of power ii. underestimation  iii. boldness in decision making iv. having sympathy for others 
Read the following passage and answer the questions no. 2 and 3.
When adolescent girls are pulled out of school, either for marriage or work, they often lose their mobility, their friends and social status. The lack of mobility among adolescent girls also curtails their economic and non-formal educational opportunities. Moreover, they lack information about health issues. According to a study, only about three in five adolescents have even heard of HIV. It is also reported that more than 50 percent of adolescent girls are undernourished and suffer from anaemia.  Adolescent fertility is also high in Bangladesh. The contribution of the adolescent fertility rate to the total fertility rate increased from 20.3% in 1993 to 24.4% in 2007. Moreover, neonatal mortality is another concern for younger mothers.  While the situation for adolescent boys is somewhat better, many are vulnerable and lack the power to make decisions about their own lives. Many boys who are unable to go to school, or are unemployed, remain unaware of social or health issues. They are at considerable risk of being drawn into criminal activities. They are also more likely to get exposed to drugs and alcohol causing irreparable damage to their health and life. [Unit-6; Lesson-2]
2. Answer the following questions: 2 × 4 = 8
(a) Why are adolescent girls pulled out of school? 
(b) What happens to a girl when she loses mobility? 
(c) Who are more vulnerable to adolescent health problems- boys or girls? Why?
(d) What major problems do boys face during adolescence? 
3. Write the synonyms or antonyms of the words as directed below. 0.5 × 10 = 5
(a) usually (synonym) (b) illegal (antonym) (c) demand (synonym) (d) majority (antonym) (e) maternal (antonym) (f) mortality (antonym) (g) mobility (antonym) (h) curtail (antonym) (i) unemployed (antonym) (j) expose (antonym) 
4. Fill in the blanks with an appropriate word in each gap. 0.5 × 8 = 4
In recent years there have been many alarming reports that world’s climate is undergoing a significant change. All these reports provide (a) ⎯⎯ evidence (b) ⎯⎯ world’s temperatures are increasing day by day. This increase in global (c) ⎯⎯ is caused (d) ⎯⎯ increased amounts of carbon dioxide (e) ⎯⎯ the earth. Most climatologists (f) ⎯⎯ that greenhouse effect is the likely (g) ⎯⎯ of this global warming. It may harm human (h) ⎯⎯ seriously. 
5. Rearrange the following sentences to make a coherent order. 1 × 8 = 8
(a) He wrote a lot of poems, songs-gazals, short stories, poems, novels, etc. 
(b) He lost his father at the age of eight and at the age of eleven he showed his poetic genius.
(c) At the age of nineteen, he joined the Army as an ordinary soldier to the fight in the First World War. 
(d) On his return from the battlefield, he gave up the sword for the pen. 
(e) It was tragic that he had been suffering from a fatal disease since 1942 and remained paralysed for the rest of his life. 
(f) In 1924 he married Promila in Kolkata. 
(g) Bangladesh became independent in 1971 and he was brought to Bangladesh from Kolkata in 1972. 
(h) Kazi Nazrul Islam was born in 1899 in the district of Burdwan in West Bengal.
PartI: Guided Writing [20 Marks] 
6. Write a paragraph on “The Victory Day” based on the answers to the following questions. 7
(a) When is our Victory Day? (b) Why is it called so? (c) What is the brief history behind it? (d) How do we observe the day? (e) What is the significance of the day?
7. The following is the beginning of a story and complete it in your own words. Give a suitable title to the story. 7 Once a golden necklace was lost from a richman’s house. A few servants worked in that house.  Naturally, it was suspected that any one of the servants had stolen the necklace…… 
8. Write a summary of the following text. 6
My brothers,  I stand before you today with a heart overflowing with grief. You are fully aware of the events that are going on and understand their import. We have been trying to do our best to cope with the situation.  And yet, unfortunately, the streets of Dhaka, Chattogram, Khulna, Rajshahi and Rangpur are awash with the blood of our brothers. The people of Bengal now want to be free, the people of Bengal now want to live, and the people of Bengal now want their rights.  What have we done that was wrong? After the elections, the people of Bangladesh voted as one for me, for the Awami League. We were to sit in the National Assembly, draft a constitution for ourselves there, and build our country; the people of this land would thereby get economic, political, and cultural freedom. But it is with regret that I have to report to you today that we have passed through twenty-three tragic years; Bengal’s history of those years is full of stories of torture inflicted on our people, of blood shed by them repeatedly. Twenty-three years of a history of men and women in agony! [Unit−1; Lesson−1]  
SYLHET BOARD2022 
Time: 2 hours
English (Compulsory)− First Paper
Full marks : 50
PartI : Reading Test [30 Marks] 
Read the passage and answer the question no. 1. 
My brothers,  I stand before you today with a heart overflowing with grief. You are fully aware of the events that are going on and understand their import. We have been trying to do our best to cope with the situation. And yet, unfortunately, the streets of Dhaka, Chattogram, Khulna, Rajshahi and Rangpur are awash with the blood of our brothers. The people of Bengal now want to be free, the people of Bengal now want to live, and the people of Bengal now want their rights.  What have we done that was wrong? After the elections, the people of Bangladesh voted as one for me, for the Awami League. We were to sit in the National Assembly, draft a constitution for ourselves there, and build our country; the people of this land would thereby get economic, political, and cultural freedom. But it is with regret that I have to report to you today that we have passed through twenty  three tragic years; Bengal’s history of those years is full of stories of torture inflicted on our people, of blood shed by them repeatedly. Twenty-three years of a history of men and women in agony! The history of Bengal is the history of a people who have repeatedly made their highways crimson with their blood. We shed blood in 1952; even though we were the victors in the elections of 1954 we could not form a government then. In 1958 Ayub Khan declared Martial Law to enslave us for the next ten years. In 1966 when we launched the sixpoint movement our boys were shot dead on 7 June. When after the movement of 1969 Ayub Khan fell from power and Yahya Khan assumed the reins of the government he declared that he would give us a constitution and restore democracy; we listened to him then. A lot has happened since and elections have taken place. [Unit−1; Lesson−1]
1. Choose the correct answer from the alternatives: 0.5 × 10 = 5
(a) The word ‘grief’ refers to ⎯⎯.  
i. pleasure ii. sadness iii. severe pain iv. surprise
(b) The phrase ‘aware of’ in the second sentence indicates ⎯⎯.  
i. think of ii. conscious of iii. free of iv. sure of
(c) How many cities have been mentioned here?  
i. two ii. seven iii. four iv. five  
(d) The people of Bengal voted for ⎯⎯.  
i. the Awami League ii. the Muslim League iii. Ayub Khan iv. Yahya Khan
(e) Why did Ayub Khan declared Martial Law?  
i. to enslave us ii. to serve us  iii. to develop this state iv. to win the election  
(f) When was the six-point-movement launched?  
i. in 1970 ii. in 1966 iii. in 1990 iv. in 1958
(g) Who fell from power after the movement of 1969?  
i. Ayub Khan ii. Yahya Khan iii. Shahbaz Khan iv. Tikka Khan
(h) The word ‘torture’ in line 14 indicates ⎯⎯.  
i. physical comfort ii. physical and mental pain  iii. mental peace iv. feeling of boredom  
(i) How many years did the people of Bengal pass in agony?  
i. 25 years ii. 24 years iii. 30 years iv. 23 years
(j) During the six-point-movement, people were shot dead on ⎯⎯.  i. 7 March ii. 26 March iii. 16 December iv. 7 June
Read the following passage and answer the questions no. 2 and 3. Unit4; Lesson
We have two terms to describe our social behaviour− ‘etiquette’ and ‘manners’. ‘Etiquette’ is a French word and it means the rules of correct behaviour in society. The word ‘manners’ means the behaviour that is considered to be polite in a particular society or culture. Manners can be good or bad. For example, it is a bad manner to speak with food in one’s mouth. No one likes a bad-mannered person.  Remember that etiquette and manners vary from culture to culture and from society to society.  We learn etiquette and manners from our parents, families and various institutions, such as schools, colleges or professional bodies. There are rules of behaviour for all kinds of social occasions and it is important to learn them and practise them in everyday life. The manners that are correct in a wedding reception will not do in a debating club. Therefore, we have to be careful about etiquette and manners.  We know how important it is to say ‘please’ and ‘thank you’ in everyday life. A few more polite expressions such as ‘pardon me,’ ‘excuse me’, ‘may I’, are bound to make your day smooth and pleasant.
2. Answer the following questions : 2 × 4 = 8
(a) What does the word ‘etiquette’ mean? 
(b) What does the word ‘manners’ refer to? 
(c) From where do we learn manners? 
(d) Give an example of a bad manner. 
3. Write the synonyms or antonyms of the words as directed below. 0.5 × 10 = 5
(a) Correct (antonym) (b) Polite (synonym) (c) Particular (synonym) (d) Remember (antonym) (e) Vary (antonym) (f) Institution (synonym) (g) Profession (synonym) (h) Careful (antonym) (i) Bound (synonym) (j) Smooth (antonym) 
4. Fill in the blanks with an appropriate word in each gap. 0.5 × 8 = 4
Covid-19, the pandemic disaster has forced us to (a) ⎯⎯ some rules of health. Students are regularly wearing (b) ⎯⎯ and using sanitizer. As a result, they are keeping themselves aloof (c) ⎯⎯ many diseases. They are now very much aware of the (d) ⎯⎯ of cleanliness. If this habit is (e) ⎯⎯ permanently, it will certainly be helpful in making a healthy generation. This is a precondition for (f) ⎯⎯ education. Therefore, this pandemic condition has paved the way for a good (g) ⎯⎯ environment and a good generation. Now, we must (h) ⎯⎯ the opportunity this pandemic disease has created. 
5. Rearrange the following sentences to make a coherent order. 1 × 8 = 8
(a) Due to this drastic change, people cannot decide what appropriately to do to fight this danger.
(b) We are witnessing a serious education crisis that was once beyond imagination.
(c) Because of the inconceivable Covid-19 disaster, the entire world is passing a very difficult time.
(d) They also find difficulties keeping pace with this change. 
(e) This disaster has changed the world scenario drastically. 
(f) The hope is that with the problems, some prospects are also appearing. 
(g) Our education sector is undergoing the same critical condition. 
(h) However, there is a ray of hope. 
PartII: Guided Writing [20 Marks] 
6. Write a paragraph on “A Society I Dream of” based on the answer to the following questions. 7
(a) What, according to your idea, is a good society? (b) What are the aspects of a fair society? (c) What may be your role to make that kind of society? (d) How do you want to work to make it happen? (e)  What is the importance of making this sort of society?
7. The following is the beginning of a story and complete it in your own words. Give a suitable title to the story.7
Monon has studied Information and Communication Technology at a public university. He wants to be a skillful engineer. He is going to enter the job market and preparing himself accordingly. One day a company offers a job to Monon….. 
8. Write a summary of the following text. 6
Blow, blow, thou winter wind, 
Thou art not so unkind 
As man’s ingratitude; 
Thy tooth is not so keen, 
Because thou art not seen, 
Although thy breath be rude. 
Heigh-ho! sing heigh-ho! unto the green holly; 
Most friendship is feigning, most loving mere folly : 
Then heigh-ho, the holly!  This life is most jolly. 
Freeze, freeze, thou bitter sky, 
That dost not bite so nigh 
As benefits forgot; 
Though thou the waters warp, 
Thy sting is not so sharp 
As friend remembered not. 
Heigh-ho! sing heigh-ho! unto the green holly…
BARISHAL BOARD2022 
Time: 2 hours
English (Compulsory)− First Paper
Full marks: 50
PartI : Reading Test [30 Marks] 
Read the passage and answer the question no. 1. 
When a girl gets married, she usually drops out of school and begins full-time work in her in-laws’ household. In the in-laws’ house, she is marginalized. She becomes vulnerable to all forms of abuse, including dowry-related violence. In Bangladesh, it is still common for a bride’s family to pay dowry, despite the practice being illegal. Dowry demands can also continue after the wedding. For an adolescent bride, even if her in-laws are supportive, there are greater health risks in terms of pregnancy and child birth. The majority of adolescent brides and their families are uninformed or insufficiently informed about reproductive health and contraception. The maternal mortality rate for adolescents is double the national rate.  When adolescent girls are pulled out of school, either for marriage or work, they often lose their mobility, their friends and social status. The lack of mobility among adolescent girls also curtails their economic and non-formal educational opportunities. Moreover, they lack information about health issues. According to a study, only about three in five adolescents have even heard of HIV. It is also reported that more than 50 percent of adolescent girls are undernourished and suffer from anaemia.  Adolescent fertility is also high in Bangladesh. The contribution of the adolescent fertility rate to the total fertility rate increased from 20.3% in 1993 to 24.4% in 2007. Moreover, neonatal mortality is another concern for younger mothers.  While the situation for adolescent boys is somewhat better, many are vulnerable and lack the power to make decisions about their own lives. Many boys who are unable to go to school, or are unemployed, remain unaware of social or health issues. They are at considerable risk of being drawn into criminal. [Unit−6; Lesson−2]
1. Choose the correct answer from the alternatives: 0.5 × 10 = 5
(a) What does the word ‘mobility’ in the passage refer to?  
i. motionlessness ii. flexibility iii. stillness iv. immobility
(b) What is the common view of the girls when they get married?  
i. They get opportunity for higher education  
ii. They usually drop out of school and begin full-time work in her in-laws’ household
iii. They usually help their parents  
iv. They usually become the decision maker of her in-laws’ house 
(c) For an adolescent bride, even if her in-laws are supportive, there are greater risks in terms of……  
i. child bearing ii. nursing of the elders in her in-laws’ house i
ii. sending her child to school iv. nurturing the child 
(d) What does the word ‘illegal’ in the passage refer to?  
i. lawful ii. authorized iii. unlawful iv. legitimate
(e) What does the word ‘expose’ in the passage refer to?  
i. hide ii. disclose iii. refrain iv. suppress
(f) What does the word ‘pull out’ in the passage refer to?  
i. keep ii. continue iii. keep up iv. quit  
(g) The word ‘anaemia’ refers to ⎯⎯.  
i. blood pressure ii. blood sugar iii. shortage of blood iv. blood contamination
(h) The closest meaning of ‘study’ is ⎯⎯.  
i. skipping ii. omitting iii. reporting iv. learning
(i) What is the synonym of the word ‘unaware’ in the passage?  
i. conscious ii. aware iii. ignorant iv. cognizant
(j) What does the word ‘majority’ in the passage refer to?  
i. minority ii. marginal iii. nominal iv. greater part
Read the following passage and answer the questions no. 2 and 3.
I have a dream that one day every valley shall be exalted, every hill and mountain shall be made low, the rough places will be made plain, and the crooked places will be made straight, “and the glory of the Lord shall be revealed, and all flesh shall see it together”.  This is our hope. This is the faith that I will go back to the South with.  With this faith we will be able to hew out of the mountain of despair a stone of hope. With this faith we will be able to transform the jangling discords of our nation into a beautiful symphony of brotherhood. With this faith we will be able to work together, to pray together, to struggle together, to go to jail together, to stand up for freedom together, knowing that we will be free one day ….. And if America is to be a great nation, this must become true. So let freedom ring from the prodigious hilltops of New Hampshire. Let freedom ring from the mighty mountains of New York. Let freedom ring from the heightening Alleghenies of Pennsylvania. ⎯ Let freedom ring from every hill and molehill of Mississippi. From every mountainside, let freedom ring.  And when this happens, and when we allow freedom ring, when we let it ring from every village and every hamlet, from every state and every city, we will be able to speed up that day when all of God’s children, black men and white men, Jews and gentiles, Protestants and Catholics, will be able to join  hands and sing in the words of the old Negro spiritual, “Free at last! Free at last! Thank God Almighty,  we are free at last!” (abridged) [Unit−2; Lesson−3]  
2. Answer the following questions: 2 × 4 = 8
(a) What is the dream of Martin Luther King Jr. expressed in the first four lines of the text?
(b) ‘One day every valley shall be exalted, every hill and mountain shall be made low.’ Explain in your own words. 
(c) “This is the faith that 1 will go back to the south with.” What is the faith of Martin Luther King Jr.? 
(d) What, according to Martin Luther King Jr., will be the use of this faith? 
3. Write the synonyms or antonyms of the words as directed below. 0.5 × 10 = 5
(a) dream (synonym) (b) straight (synonym) (c) faith (antonym) (d) freedom (synonym) (e) happen (antonym) (f) mountain (synonym) (g) reveal (antonym) (h) discord (antonym) (i) mighty (antonym) (j) let (synonym) 
4. Fill in the blanks with an appropriate word in each gap. 0.5 × 8 = 4
Examination is very important in student’s life. It justifies a student’s (a) ⎯⎯. No student can be (b) ⎯⎯ to next class without examination. So, every student (c) ⎯⎯ hard to pass the examination. There are many ways to do (d) ⎯⎯ in the examination and meritorious students follow these ways. Gathering (e) ⎯⎯ is not all things to approach the examination. One may gather much (f) ⎯⎯ about his subject, but if he cannot (g) ⎯⎯ his performance in the examination, his such kind of knowledge is (h) ⎯⎯. 
5. Rearrange the following sentences to make a coherent order. 1 × 8 = 8
(a) Haji Mohsin took him to another room and opened a box. 
(b) Haji Mohsin woke up and caught hold of the thief. 
(c) The box was full of gold and money. 
(d) He took pity with the poor man. 
(e) He was famous for his kindness. 
(f) Haji Mohsin helped the poor and the helpless people with food and clothes.  (g) A thief entered into his bedroom one night. 
(h) The man said, “Sir, I am very poor, I have no food in my house.” 
PartII: Guided Writing [20 Marks] 
6. Write a paragraph on “The Victory Day” in about 200 words based on the answer to the following questions. 7
(a) When is our Victory Day? (b) Why is it called so? (c) What is the brief history behind it? (d) How do we observe the day? (e) What is the significance of the day?
7. The following is the beginning of a story and complete it in your own words. Give a suitable title to the story. 7
One day a boy of class five was going to school. Suddenly he saw a money bag on the road. He was at a loss…… 
8. Write a summary of the following text. 6
“He is at the epicenter of our time, ours in South Africa, and yours, wherever you are,” Nadine Gordimer, the South African writer and Nobel Laureate for Literature, once remarked. The years Mandela spent behind bars made him the world’s most celebrated political prisoner and a leader of mythic stature for millions of black South Africans and other oppressed people far beyond his country’s borders.  Charged with capital offences in the 1963 Rivonia Trial, his statement from the dock was his political testimony.  “During my lifetime I have dedicated myself to this struggle of the African people. I have fought against white domination, and I have fought against black domination.  “I have cherished the ideal of a democratic and free society in which all persons live together in harmony and with equal opportunities,” he told the court.  “It is an ideal I hope to live for and to achieve. But if needs be, it is an ideal for which I am prepared to die.”  Friends adored Mandela and fondly called him “Madiba”, the clan name by which he was known.  People lauded his humanity, kindness and dignity. [Unit−1; Lesson−2]
DINAJPUR BOARD2022 
Time: 2 hours
English (Compulsory)− First Paper
Full marks: 50
PartI : Reading Test [30 Marks] 
Read the passage and answer the question no. 1. Unit12; Lesson
Kuakata, locally known as Sagar Kannya (Daughter of the Sea) is a rare scenic spot located on the southernmost tip of Bangladesh. Kuakata in Latachapli union under Kalapara Police Station of Patuakhali district is about 30 km in length and 6 km in breadth. It is 70 km from Patuakhali district headquarters and 320 km from Dhaka. An excellent combination of the picturesque natural beauty, sandy beaches, blue sky and the shimmering expanse of water of the Bay of Bengal and the evergreen forest makes Kuakata a much sought after tourist destination.  The name Kuakata takes its origin from the story of a ‘Kua’ or well dug on the sea shore by the early Rakhaine settlers for collecting drinking water. The Rakhaines had landed on Kuakata coast after being expelled from Arakan by the Mughals. Following the first well, it became a tradition to dig wells in the neighborhood of Rakhaine homesteads for fresh water supply.  Kuakata is one of the unique spots which allows a visitor to watch both the sunrise and the sunset from the beach. That perhaps makes Kuakata one of the world’s most attractive beaches. The long and wide beach at Kuakata has a typical natural setting. This sandy beach slopes gently into the Bay and bathing there is as pleasant as is swimming or diving.  Kuakata is truly a virgin beach and a sanctuary for migratory winter birds. Fishing boats plying in the Bay of Bengal with colourful sails, surfing waves and the lines of coconut trees add to the vibrant colours of Kuakata. The indigenous culture of the Rakhaine community and hundred year old Buddhist temples indicate the age – old tradition and cultural heritage of this area.  Kuakata is also a holy land for the Hindus and Buddhists. Each year thousands of devotees come here to attend the festivals Rash Purnima and Maghi Purnima. On these two days, pilgrims take holy bath and enjoy going to the traditional fairs.
1. Choose the correct answer from the alternatives: 0.5 × 10 = 5
(a) Where is Kuakata located?  
i. in Khulna ii. in Barguna iii. in Barishal iv. in Patuakhali
(b) What does the word ‘known’ in the passage refer to?  
i. common ii. obscure iii. familiar iv. rare 
(c) The word ‘scenic’ mentioned in the passage means ⎯⎯.  
i. distortion ii. repulsive iii. attractive iv. perversion
(d) What does the word ‘destination’ in the passage refer to?  
i. mission ii. aim iii. goal iv. vision
(e) The Rakhaines were expelled by ⎯⎯.  
i. the English ii. the Spanish iii. the Somalians iv. the Mughals
(f) The Rakhaines originally came from ⎯⎯.  
i. Arakan district ii. Latachapli Union iii. Lusai iv. Laos 
(g) The word ‘heritage’ mentioned in the passage means ⎯⎯.  
i. usual ii. common iii. tradition iv. administration
(h) The word ‘indigenous’ mentioned in the passage means ⎯⎯.  
i. foreign ii. native iii. alien iv. akin 
(i) What does the word ‘picturesque’ in the passage refer to?  
i. ugly ii. vivid iii. attractive iv. typical
(j) Kuakata is also a holy place for the ⎯⎯.  
i. Buddhists and Muslims ii. Aryans and Algerians  iii. Hindus and Buddhists iv. Indians and Iranians 
Read the following passage and answer the questions no. 2 and 3.
Adolescents constitute a nation’s core resource for national renewal and growth. Adolescence is a period in life when transition from childhood to adulthood takes place and behaviours and life styles are shaped. According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), adolescence is the period which shapes the future of girls’ and boys’ lives. There are 28 million adolescents in Bangladesh; 13.7 million of them are girls and 14.3 million boys.  The situation of adolescent girls in Bangladesh is characterised by inequality and subordination within the family and society. This inequality leads to widespread practice of child marriage, marginalisation or exclusion from health, education and economic opportunities, and vulnerability to violence and sexual abuse. In Bangladesh, the legal age of marriage is 18 for girls and 21 for boys. However, 33 percent of adolescent girls are married before the age of 15 and 60 percent become mothers by the age of 19. Research finds that adolescents with higher level of education and from more affluent families tend to marry at a later age. Boys, however, become ready for marriage only after several years of adolescence and young adulthood. [Unit−6; Lesson−2]
2. Answer the following questions: 2 × 4 = 8
(a) How can you define the term ‘adolescence’? 
(b) Why are the adolescents considered to be important? 
(c) What is the situation of adolescent girls in Bangladesh? 
(d) What does gender inequality lead to? 
3. Write the synonyms or antonyms of the words as directed below. 0.5 × 10 = 5
(a) core (synonym) (b) style (synonym) (c) violence (synonym) (d) inequality (antonym) (e) constitute (synonym) (f) abuse (antonym) (g) legal (synonym) (h) affluent (antonym) (i) wide spread (synonym) (j) growth (antonym) 
4. Fill in the blanks with an appropriate word in each gap. 0.5 × 8 = 4
In recent years there have been many alarming reports that the world’s climate is undergoing a significant change. All these reports provide (a) ⎯⎯ evidence that world’s temperatures are increasing day by day. This increase in global (b) ⎯⎯ is caused (c) ⎯⎯ increased amount of carbon di-oxide (d) ⎯⎯ the earth. Most climatologists (e) ⎯⎯ that greenhouse effect is the likely cause of this global warming. It may harm human (f) ⎯⎯ seriously. This could catastrophically (g) ⎯⎯ mankind’s (h) ⎯⎯ to grow food. 
5. Rearrange the following sentences to make a coherent order. 1 × 8 = 8
(a) He died on August 29, 1976 and was buried in the compound of Dhaka University.
(b) He wrote a lot of poems, songs, ghazals, short stories, novels, etc. 
(c) He lost his father at the age of eight and at the age of eleven he showed his poetic genius. (d) At the age of nineteen, he joined the army as an ordinary soldier but after the First World War he gave up the sword for the pen. 
(e) It was tragic that he had been suffering from a cruel disease since 1942 and remained paralyzed for the rest of his life. 
(f) Bangladesh became independent in 1971 and he was brought to Bangladesh from Kolkata in 1972. 
(g) Kazi Nazrul Islam was born in 1899 in the district of Burdwan in West Bengal.
(h) Then he was declared our national poet by the government of Bangladesh. 
PartII : Guided Writing [20 Marks] 
6. Write a paragraph on “An Ideal Student” based on the answer to the following questions. 7 (a) Who is an ideal student? (b) What are the characteristics of an ideal student? (c) What duties and responsibilities does an ideal student perform? (d) What does he always think about? (e) How is an ideal student treated by the general mass? (f) Do you want to be an ideal student? Why? 
7. The following is the beginning of a story and complete it in your own words. Give a suitable title to the story. 7
Once a farmer had a goose. It used to lay a golden egg everyday. The farmer used to sell them in the local market and in no time he became quite solvent. But his wife was very greedy…… 
8. Write a summary of the following text. 6
As a child you must have been told to greet your elders and visitors to your home according to your culture and tradition. You must also have been taught to be polite in company and keep quiet while others, especially your elders, spoke. Possibly, you at times grudged such schooling. Possibly, at times you even protested such disciplining. Now, certainly you know that you can’t always behave the way you want specially in the presence of others. There are rules of behavior you have to follow in a company. We are social beings and have to consider the effect of our behaviour on others, even if we are at home and dealing with our family members.  We have two terms to describe our social behaviour− ‘etiquette’ and ‘manners’. ‘Etiquette’ is a French word and it means the rules of correct behaviour in society. The word ‘manners’ means the behaviour that is considered to be polite in a particular society or culture. Manners can be good or bad. For example, it is a bad manner to speak with food in one’s mouth. No one likes a bad  mannered person. Remember that etiquette and manners vary from culture to culture and from  society to society.
MYMENSINGH BOARD2022
Time: 2 hours
English (Compulsory)− First Paper
Full marks: 50
PartI : Reading Test [30 Marks] 
Read the passage and answer the question no. 1. 
Bangladesh is blessed with huge inland open water resources. It has numerous rivers, canals, beels, lakes, and vast areas of floodplains. Hakaluki haor is one of the major wetlands of Bangladesh. With a land area of 18,386 hectares, it supports a rich biodiversity and provides direct and indirect livelihood benefits to nearly 190,000 people. This haor was declared an Ecologically Critical Area in April 1999 by the government of Bangladesh.  Hakaluki is a complex ecosystem, containing more than 238 interconnecting beels and jalmahals. The most important beels are Chatla, Pinlarkona, Dulla, Sakua, Barajalla, Balijhuri, Lamba, Tekonia,  Haorkhal, Tural, Baghalkuri and Chinaura.  Hakaluki Haor is bounded by the Kushiara river as well as a part of the Sonai-Bardal river to the north, by the Fenchuganj-Kulaura railway to the west and to the south, and by the Kulaura Beanibazar road to the east. The haor falls under two administrative districts, Maulvibazar and Sylhet.  Some 190,000 people live in the area surrounding the haor.  Hakaluki Haor is an important source of fisheries resources for Bangladesh. Kalibaus, Boal, Rui, Ghagot, Pabda and Chapila are the main fish species found here. From the Kushiara there are frequent upstream movement of fish towards the beels and tributaries of Hakaluki. The beels in Hakaluki haor provide winter shelter for the mother fisheries. In early monsoon these mother fisheries produce millions of fries for the entire downstream fishing communities. Floodplains are also an important source of fisheries resources within the area. However, many of the beels have lost their capacity to provide shelter for mother fisheries because of sand deposits from upstream rivers and canals, use of complete dewatering technique for fishing and lack of aquatic plants to provide feed and shelter for parent fish. [Unit−10; Lesson−2] }
1. Choose the correct answer from the alternatives: 0.5 × 10 = 5
(a) What does the word ‘inland’ mean?  
i. close ii. outlet iii. internal iv. lineage
(b) What could be the closest meaning for ‘numerous’?  
i. few ii. measurable iii. immeasurable iv. tiny 
(c) Hakaluki haor is of ⎯⎯ hictares.  
i. 18,000 ii. 18,386 iii. 1,90,000 iv. 1,90,500
(d) This haor was declared an Ecologically Critical Area in ⎯⎯.  
i. March 1999 ii. April 1999 iii. May 1999 iv. June 1999
(e) Hakaluki haor is located in ⎯⎯.  
i. Sylhet and Hobiganj ii. Maulvibazar and Sunamganj
iii. Sylhet and Maulvibazar iv. Sunamganj and Hobiganj 
(f) The ecosystem of Hakaluki is ⎯⎯.  
i. normal ii. ordinary iii. intricate iv. shrewd
(g) The best synonym of ‘tributaries’ is ⎯⎯.  
i. close ii. branches iii. tribute iv. enhancement
(h) ‘Livelihood’ could be best replaced by ⎯⎯.  
i. way of life ii. source of life iii. source of income iv. stage after adulthood
(i) What is the meaning of the word ‘aquatic’?  i. terrestrial ii. marine iii. plant iv. fertile
(j) Hakaluki is bounded by the Kulaura-Beanibazar road to the ⎯⎯.  i. east ii. west iii. south iv. south-west
Read the following passage and answer the questions no. 2 and 3.
Imprisoned for nearly three decades for his fight against white minority rule, Mandela never lost his resolve to fight for his people’s emancipation. He was determined to bring down apartheid while avoiding a civil war. His prestige and charisma helped him win the support of the world.  “I hate race discrimination most intensely and in all its manifestations. I have fought it all during my life; I will fight it now, and will do so until the end of my days,” Mandela said in his acceptance speech on becoming South Africa’s first black president in 1994, … “The time for the healing of the wounds has come. The moment to bridge the chasms that divide us has come.”   “We have, at last, achieved our political emancipation.”  In 1993, Mandela was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize, an honor he shared with F.W. de Klerk, the white African leader who had freed him from prison three years earlier and negotiated the end of apartheid. [Unit−1; Lesson−2(B)]
2. Answer the following questions: 2 × 4 = 8
(a) Who was Nelson Mandela? What is the ideal of Mandela? 
(b) What did Nelson Mandela say in his acceptance speech on becoming south Africa’s first black president? 
(c) What is race discrimination? What was Mandela’s remark on race discrimination?
(d) Why is Mandela called an icon of peace and reconciliation? 
3. Write the synonyms or antonyms of the words as directed below. 0.5 × 10 = 5
(a) shackle (synonym) (b) icon (synonym) (c) emancipation (synonym) (d) war (antonym) (e) hate (antonym) (f) fought (synonym) (g) acceptance (antonym) (h) bridge (synonym) (i) awarded (antonym) (j) prison (synonym) 
4. Fill in the blanks with an appropriate word in each gap. 0.5 × 8 = 4
Our liberation is the (a) ⎯⎯ achievement in our national life. It was (b) ⎯⎯ in 1971. We had been (c) ⎯⎯ Pakistani rule for twenty five years. But the discrimination, (d) ⎯⎯ and suppression of the West Pakistani rulers (e) ⎯⎯ us to wage the Liberation War. Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman led the struggle for (f) ⎯⎯. But soon he was (g) ⎯⎯ by the Pakistani rulers. However, people from all (h) ⎯⎯ of life took part in the war responding to the call and order of Bangabandhu. 
5. Rearrange the following sentences to make a coherent order. 1 × 8 = 8
(a) As Bagerhat is near the Bay of Bengal, the water is usually saline. 
(b) Khan Jahan Ali was a philanthropic man. 
(c) He, therefore, excavated many tanks to provide fresh water to the people. 
(d) He came to Bagehat to preach Islam and to promote the plight of common people.
(e) He found Bagerhat beset with many problems. 
(f) His memory will never be sunk into oblivion. 
(g) Thus he redressed the problem of drinking water. 
(h) The scarcity of drinking water is one of them. 
PartII : Guided Writing [20 Marks] 
6. Write a paragraph on “Food Adulteration” based on the answer to the following questions. 7 (a) What do you mean by food adulteration? (b) How does food get adulterated? (c) Why is it being done so? (d) Who are responsible for food adulteration? (e) Do you think food adulteration should be continue or it should be controlled immediately?
7. The following is the beginning of a story and complete it in your own words. Give a suitable title to the story. 7
There lived a happy cobbler who passed his days working and singing from morning till night. A rich neighbour of his was a banker who one day said to him, “How much a year do you earn?”……. 
8. Write a summary of the following text. 6
My name is Amerigo. I am 13 years old and I live on the street, alone. My mother, who is separated from my father, doesn’t want me. She told me to go away …. Now she is married to another man. My father lives very far away. I want to go to him, but he won’t take me either. I begged him to send me some money so that I could buy a bus ticket. I am still waiting. He hasn’t answered. The streets are now my home. Sometimes I find work. I used to collect trash and sell it to a vendor. I stopped doing that after I had a serious infection and a doctor told me to stay away from the trash dump. Once I worked for an ice cream shop owner and sold ice cream on the beach. But I got no money in return. The owner of the shop gave me something to eat, and let me sleep in his hut at night. The work was difficult and painful. The ice cream box is quite heavy when it is full. I had to walk for hours, offering my ice cream to whoever wanted to buy. There were days when I could not even sell one ice-cream. [Unit−8; Lesson−4]

HSC Second Paper Board question

DINAJPUR BOARD-2022
ENGLISH (COMPULSORY)
SECOND PAPER
Part A: Grammar (30 Marks)
1. Complete the text with suitable prepositions: .5×10=5
Japan is an island country (a) — the east coast of Asia. It has more than 100 islands which were mostly formed (b) —- earthquakes and volcanoes. Most Japanese people live (c) — the four largest islands. These islands are Honshu, Hokkaido, Shikohu and Kyushu. The name of Japan comes (d) — the Chinese phrase meaning “land of the rising sun”. Japan has borrowed other things from the Chinese (e) — its name. The Japanese written language, for example, is based (f) — the Chinese system (g) — picture writing. Japan has to buy almost all its raw materials (h) —other countries. Trade is very important (i) — the island nation of Japan. (j) — the resources it buys, Japan makes products to sell all over the world.
2. Complete the sentences with suitable phrases/words given in the box. .5×10=5
would rather, there, let alone, was born, it, has to, what does…. look like, what’s…. like, had better, as soon as
(a) You look exhausted. You — take rest to refresh yourself.
(b) He does not like hustle and bustle. He — stay alone than join the gathering.
(c) — was a time when every child used to relish homemade food.
(d) The man who wears a crown — bear the burden of responsibility.
(e) He is the descendant of a royal family. He — with a silver spoon in his mouth.
(f) — is said that stitch in time saves nine.
(g) They cannot afford to buy a bike, — a car.
(h) Have you ever seen a kingfisher? — a kingfisher —?
(i) — I heard the news, I informed you.
(j) I have never travelled by air. — a plane journey —?
3. Complete the following sentences using suitable clauses/phrases.  1×5=5
(a) I am waiting for the chairman. Can you tell me when —?
(b) Development of a country depends on the active participation of every citizen. Bangladesh expects that —.
(c) Give me your address. I will send the documents —.
(d) Her son died in an accident. She was so grief-stricken that she even could not cry. She had to cry, or —.
(e) There is a job vacancy announced on BD.Job.Com. Anyone who wants to apply —.
4. Read the text and fill in the blanks with the correct form of verbs as per subject and context. .5×10=5
I have tried a lot of different exercises, but I have never (a) — (stick) with any of them. I swam for a while, but when the weather got cold, I (b) — (quit). I tried jogging, but that really (c) — (wear) me out. I (d) — (play) badminton for a few weeks, but I could not find anyone (e) — (play) regularly. Then one day, I read in a magazine about a form of exercise that I did not even (f) — (consider) exercise. That was plain walking! I tried it for a month, and it (g) — (be) so easy enjoyable that I kept (h) — (do) it. While walking, I could enjoy the scenery, talk to people I and (i) — (meet), and come back home (j) — (feel) great.
5. Change the narrative style by using indirect speeches.    5
“Where is the cattle which these people graze and where are the fields they plough, uncle?” he asked, turning to Daya Ram. “They have no cattle and no fields here,” said the chaprasi, pushing his neck back to stiff uprightness. “It is only the rustics in the villages who graze cattle and plough the land,” he said.
6. Use appropriate sentence connectors in the blank spaces of the following passage. .5×10=5
Luna looks intelligent. (a) — she works hard on her studies. (b) — she seems to have poor test taking skills. (c) — she often does badly in the exam. (d) — she repeatedly makes some strategic mistakes during a written test. (e) — she starts off really slowly. This initial slowness forces her to write too hurriedly towards the end, resulting in spelling and other mistakes. (f) — her answers are often too long. (g) — she sometimes has to leave some questions unanswered because of time constraint. (h) she never starts with the easier questions as other students do. (i) — she answers questions sequentially beginning from the first one. (j) —, these impractical habits of hers lead to poor time management during the exam.
Part B: Composition (20 Marks)
7. Recently you have purchased an electric rice cooker from an online shop. Having received it you found it was not functioning. Now, you are to write them complaining to replace it with a new one. 10
8. Write a paragraph on ‘Causes and Dire Consequences of Drug Addiction’ in about 200 words. 10
JASHORE BOARD-2022
ENGLISH (COMPULSORY)
SECOND PAPER
Part A: Grammar (30 Marks)
1. Fill in the blanks with suitable prepositions: .5×10=5
The ceremony began (a) — 10 a.m. Our principal Mr. Rahman presided (b) — the function and Member of Parliament Mr. Reza was the chief guest. The function started (c) — the recitation from the Holy Quran. One (d) — our senior teachers read (e) — the annual report. The honorable chief guest delivered a brief but inspiring speech (f) — education. He advised the students to be regular (g) — the class and attentive (h) — studies and take part (i) — the movement (j) — illiteracy.
2. Complete the sentences with suitable phrases/words given in the box.
there, it, have to, as soon as, what does …. look like, let alone, was born, would rather, had better, What’s …. like
(a) He cannot read newspaper, —  edit a newspaper.
(b) — lived a wise man but he was not well known to all.
(c) Suhel is a liar. He — give up this bad habit.
(d) We — walk fast. Otherwise we will miss the class.
(e) He — study English than History. He has interest in literature.
(f) — friendship —? Nowadays, it is nothing but a name.
(g) Let me know the news — he arrives here.
(h) Kazi Nazrul Islam is our national poet. He — in 1899 in a village named Churulia.
(i) Teacher: Students, — the national flower of Bangladesh —?
(j) — takes two to make a quarrel.
3. Complete the following sentences with suitable clauses/phrases.
(a) Sabbir Khan is a quack. He behaves as though —.
(b) A proverb goes that —.
(c) I found a box in the room. The box was too heavy for —.
(d) Corruption is an obscene to our national development. It is high time —.
(e) It is love that —.
4. Read the text and fill in the gaps with the correct form of verbs as per subject and context. .5×10-5
Would you mind (a) — (receive) my letter. I am extremely sorry for (b) — any message about your illness, I (c) — (visit) you. Believe me, since my return from Australia, I — (be) late. Had I had have got myself (d) — (engage) in raising awareness among people (e) — (send) their daughters to school. In this country, girls (f) — (deprive) of proper education and guidance. Due to lack of education, they (g) — (not know) what they (h) — (need). For years, they (i) — (neglect) in society.
5. Change the narrative style by using indirect speeches.
“Why are you crying? Do you have any problem?” asked the passer-by. “I am crying because I have none to look after me,” said the street child. “Are you hungry?” “Yes, I am,” said the boy.
6. Use appropriate sentence connectors in the blank spaces of the following passage.  .5×10=5
Drug addiction is a great curse of the present world. (a) —, a few things were used as drugs. (b) — the number of drugs has increased. (c), — cocaine, marijuana, opium, heroin, or morphine, etc. (d) — offer another world to the addicted ones. (e) — they do not know that this addiction destroys the inner part of the body of addicted persons. (f) — why do many people take drugs? The reasons are many. (g) — some people are tempted by their so-called friends to have a taste of a drug. (h) — they are trapped forever. (i) — some people take drugs to forget the frustration of their life. (j) — those who become drug addicts, cannot live a normal life.
Part B: Composition (20 Marks)
7. Suppose, you are an inhabitant of Cox’s Bazar. Write a letter to the Chairman of Electricity Board of your district complaining about frequent power failure in your area.
8. Write a paragraph comparing and contrasting between ‘City Life and Rural Life’ within 200 words. 10
BARISHAL BOARD-2022
ENGLISH (COMPULSORY)
SECOND PAPER
Part A: Grammar (30 Marks)
1. Complete the text with suitable prepositions.   .5×10=5
Traffic problem is a major problem (a) — our day-to-day life. Mainly the city dwellers suffer (b) — it. The drivers do not abide (c) — the traffic rules. Most often traffic problems occur (d) — the congested areas where the roads are very narrow in proportion (e) — our population. There are many unlicensed vehicles which should be brought (f) — control. Strict rules must be introduced (g) — this regard. We should raise consciousness (h) — the people of our country (i) — a view to ensuring a good traffic system (j) the safety of the people. 
2. Complete the sentences with suitable phrases/words given in the box. .5×10=5
as soon as, provided that, would you mind, had better, was born, what if, would rather, as if, let alone, what does…. look like
(a) I can’t remember the name of the story, — the details about the different characters. I read the story many years ago.
(b) I am too tired to talk. I can no longer give you company. You — leave me and let me take rest.
(c) By working hard, he had reached the highest peak of success. You can also reach your goal — you work hard.
(d) I think something is wrong between Tanni and Munni. They are acting — they did not know each other.
(e) — watching the film with me? I am afraid that there may have some horrors in the film.
(f) Take some emergency medicine with you. — you fall ill during your journey?
(g) Khaled — resign his job than tolerate injustice. He has moral courage to raise voice against injustice. (h) — it stops raining, I will go to play football.
(i) Student: Sir, — a wild cat —? Teacher: A wild cat is larger and stronger than an ordinary cat.
(j) He is my friend for the last five years. But I did never ask him where he —.
3. Complete the following sentences with suitable clauses/phrases. 1×5=5
(a) I can’t recall his name. It is long since —.
(b) A village doctor is a person who —. He is the best friend to the villagers.
(c) Our country is beset with many problems. We all should come forward in order to —.
(d) Whenever he speaks in English, —. In fact, we learn through mistakes.
(e) A student has to be punctual. He has to study regularly lest —.
4. Read the following text and fill in the gaps with correct form of verbs as per subject and context.  .5×10=5
Road mishap (a) — (happen) in our country almost every day. Recently, it (b) — (rise) to an alarming rate (c) — (take) a heavy toll of human lives. The members of a family remain anxious if someone (d) — (travel) in a bus. In most cases, reckless driving (e) —, (cause) road accidents. The drivers are in the habit of (f) — (violate) traffic rules. Road accidents can be (g) — (reduce) if the drivers drive their vehicles carefully. People should be conscious in this respect. While (h) — (cross) the road, they should be careful. Some people travel (i) — (climb) on the roof of the buses and trains. Traffic rules (j) — (maintain) strictly with a view to controlling road accidents.
5. Change the narrative style by using indirect speeches. 5
“Oh, my Lord, please do not kill the child,” said the woman. “Let her have him.” The king said, “Now everything is clear to me.” Pointing to the woman, he said to the servant, “Give her the child. She is the mother of the baby.”
6. Use appropriate sentence connectors in the blank spaces of the following passage. .5×10=5
Mobile phone has added a new dimension in our communication system. It has made the world closer to us. (a) —, it has made worldwide communication easier. We use it for our day-to-day communication. (b) —, it has been part and parcel in our life as we cannot go for a single day elow without using it. We use it for rapid communication. (c) — mobile phone is not free from defects. It has some negative sides as well. (d) —, excessive use of mobile phone may damage our hearing power. (e), —, it is a means of money wastage. (f) it is seen that many underworld crimes are being done with the use of mobile network. (g) the radiation from mobile phone may cause cancer to the users. (h) – we are aware of these harmful effects. (i) —, we are not aware of using the mobile phone. (j) —, we must have to be conscious of the negative impacts of mobile phone.
Part B: Composition (20 Marks)
7. Write a letter of complaint to the Superintendent of Police to take steps against the antisocial activities in your area. 10
8. Write a paragraph on ‘Price Hike’ mentioning its causes and effects. (within 200 words) 10
CUMILLA BOARD-2022
ENGLISH (COMPULSORY) SECOND PAPER
Part A: Grammar (30 Marks)
1. Complete the text with suitable prepositions. .5×10=5
Books are really our best friends as we can rely (a) — them when we are bored, upset, depressed, lonely or annoyed. They share (b) — us information and knowledge any time we need. They enable us to have a a glimpse (c) — cultures, traditions, arts, history, geography. us health, psychology and many other subjects and aspects of life. Good books always guide us (d) — the right path (e) — life. Reading good books helps us understand the world (f) — better. While reading books, we build new and creative thoughts, images and opinions (g) — our mind. This habit helps us explore life (h) —- different perspectives. In other words, it has several positive effects (i) — our body, mind and soul. In fact, the habit of reading is one (j) — the best qualities that a person can possess.
2. Complete the following sentences with suitable phrases/words given in the box.    .5×10-5
let alone, would rather, had better, was born, it, what’s….. like, there, as soon as, have to, what does….. look like
(a) It is such a nice weather. I — sit in the garden than watch TV.
(b) He worked hard. He was too tired to walk, — run.
(c) It is raining heavily now. I will go to the shop — it stops raining.
(d) We — stop the devastating loss of our forests; otherwise life on the earth will be endangered.
(e) — an alligator —? Have you ever seen it?
(f) — it — going to play? The weather is good now.
(g) — is no denying the fact that time is more valuable than money.
(h) It is five o’clock. I — go now before the traffic gets too bad.
(i) — appears to me that he is interested in the matter.
(j) I love this city. This is the city where I — in.
3. Complete the sentences with suitable clauses or phrases. 5
(a) Had he been a poet, —.
(b) Honesty is a great virtue. We should not like those —.
(c) A rainy day is the day when —.
(d) All of us should try our best —.
(e) It is very cold. They have to put on warm clothes so that —.
4. Read the text and fill in the gaps with correct forms of verbs as per subject and context. 5×10=5
(a) — (acquire) knowledge is not limited to any age or time. It can (b) — (gain) by any person all through the life. It (c) — (be) like unlimited wealth which can never (d) — (finish).  However, the level of a person’s knowledge (e) — (develop) with his dedication, patience and continuity. A person (f) — (have) some new knowledge through regular observation and experimentation. The progress of human beings largely (g) — (depend) on the growth of knowledge in various fields in 2-0 positive and constructive ways. For example, Newton (h) — (discover) a theory of gravitation and there are many famous scientists who (i) — (invent) amazing things (j) — (make) life easy on the earth.
5. Change the narrative style by using indirect speech. 5
“Stop. Didn’t I tell you to stop? You cannot go there,” said the sergeant. “Oh! Very well, it is hard Two thing to be very poor. All the world is against the poor,” said the man.
6. Use appropriate sentence connectors in the blank spaces of the following text. .5×10=5
Mobile phones are one of the most commonly used gadgets in today’s world. (a) — mobile phones have made our life easy and convenient. (b) — they are a blessing till we use them 8-0 judiciously. (c) — they are very beneficial, they have some disadvantages. (d) — excessive use 7118 of the device acts as a barrier to quality communication. (e) — mobile phones waste a lot of time. (f) — they are the causes of many ailments such as weak eyesight, strain on brain, headaches, dry eyes, sleeplessness and more (g) — they have created a lack of privacy in people’s lives. (h) — we see how the device is both a boon and a bane. (i) — we must not let mobile phones control our lives. (j) — we must know when to draw the line.
Part B: Composition (20 Marks)
7. Suppose, you are a student of Educare College, Khulna. The sound system in your classroom has become defective. Now, write an application to the Principal of your college asking for solving the problem. 10
8. Write a paragraph within 200 words on “City Life and Country Life”. 10
SYLHET BOARD-2022
ENGLISH (COMPULSORY) SECOND PAPER
Part A: Grammar (30 Marks)
1. Complete the text with suitable prepositions.    .5×10=5
The moon is a very familiar figure (a) — all of us. She awakens a feeling (b) — tenderness (c) — our hearts. Even infants in arms stretches (d) — beautiful thing. Nor is her appeal confined only (e) — love and their hands to grasp the children. Ever since the string of the poetic faculty in man, she has furnished a theme (f) — poets and artists. The moon has no light (g) — her own. The soft silvery brightness which forms her principal charms to us, is borrowed solely (h) — the light of the sun. If we go out on a clear night, we can look (i) — the magic of moon light. It is often difficult (j) — us to realize that the moon is shining in borrowed feathers.
2.Complete the sentences with suitable phrases/words given in the box.  .5×10=5
had better, what does……. look like, there, let alone, was born, as soon as, it, as if, would you mind, would rather
(a) The room appears to be suffocating. — opening the windows?
(b) It is raining outside. You — take an umbrella.
(c) He cannot read newspaper — edit a newspaper.
(d) — lived a wise man but he was not well known to all.
(e) You look tired. — appears to me that you have worked hard.
(f) Ismail is a symbol of versatile genius. He — in a needy family.
(g) — a dinosaur —? Have you ever seen it?
(h) He proceeded — he had never seen me. His defiant behaviour offended me.
(i) Panic seized me — I heard his roaring voice.
(j) Though I am in dire need of money, I — die than seek any financial help from him.
3. Complete the sentences using suitable clauses/phrases. 1×5=5
(a) A good student must possess —.
(b) The student is a good student —.
(c) He must be honest in thought, active in habit and obedient to —.
(d) — health is another quality of an ideal student.
(e) He, who makes a glorious result in the examination, —.
4. Read the text and fill in the gaps with the correct forms of verbs as per subject and context.  .5×10=5
COVID-19 (a) — (transmit) when people (b) — (breathe) in air contaminated by droplets and small airborne particles (c) — (contain) the virus. The risk of breathing these in (d) — highest when people (e) — (be) in close proximity, but they (f) — (inhale) over longer distances, particularly indoors. Transmission also (g) — (occur) if splashed or (h) —(contaminate) fluids in the eyes, nose or mouth, and rarely via contaminated surfaces. People remain contagious for up to 20 days, and (i) — (spread) the virus even if they (j) — (develop) symptoms.
5. Change the narrative style by using indirect speeches.   5
“Could I help you, Sir?” said the receptionist. The man replied, “Sure, I want to meet the Managing Director of the company.” The receptionist said, “Do you have an appointment?” “Yes, I have,” he said. “Wait for a while,” said the receptionist.
6. Use appropriate sentence connectors in the blank spaces of the following passage. .5×10=5
Trees are a vital part of our environment. (a) — they bear a great impact on the climate. (b) — we are not kind and careful about them. (c) — we destroy trees at random. (d) — one day the country will bear the consequence of greenhouse effect. (e) — ours is an agricultural country, our economy depends on agriculture. (f) — trees play a vital role on our climate. (g) — trees keep the soil strong and protect it. (h) — trees save us from flood and many other natural calamities. (i) — trees provide us with timber which is of great use specially in construction works and for making furniture. (j), —- trees are our best friends.
Part B: Composition (20 Marks)
7. Suppose, you are Motin, a second year college student of Dhaka College. Now, write an application to the Principal of your college for starting an English Language Club.  10
8. Write a comparison and contrast paragraph on “Offline and Online Class.” (Within 200 words.) 10.
CHATTOGRAM BOARD-2022
ENGLISH (COMPULSORY) SECOND PAPER
Part A: Grammar (30 Marks) 1. Complete the text with suitable prepositions. .5×10=5
Email has brought (a) — a revolution (b) — modern communication. Messages can be transmitted (c) — one country to another (d) — seconds. It is far cheaper than telephone calls. Trade and commerce has become greatly dependent (e) — this speedy mode (f) — communication. It has, however, not reached everyone, especially (g) —developing countries (h) — ours, as most people cannot afford (i) — have a personal computer. But even here, people have started using commercially operated email facilities (j) — important purposes.
2. Complete the sentences with suitable phrases/words given in the box. .5×10=5
had better, there, let alone, it, what’s….. like, have to, would rather, was born, what does …..look like, as soon as
(a) The examination is close at hand. I — study seriously.
(b) Zahir Raihan was one of the most talented film-makers in Bangladesh. He — on August 19. 1935.
(c) You do not know how poor Sohel is. He cannot buy a cell phone — a desktop.
(d) Your mother is ill. So, I think you — go home early.
(e) We have spent much time. We should now conclude — possible.
(f) — the earth— ? It looks like an apple.
(g) — is no fish in the pond. It is used as a swimming pool.
(h) We — sacrifice our lives than live under the subordination of another country. It is a different taste to live in an independent country.
(i) — it swimming in the river? For the first time, it seems new experience for all.
(j) People are getting sweated easily today. — seems the humidity is higher.
3. Complete the sentences with suitable clauses/phrases. 1×5=5
(a) — is lost forever. So, we should utilize time properly.
(b) All around us are not friends. In fact, friends are real friends —.
(c) For higher education, we should learn English. So, it is high time —.
(d) Neighbours are those persons who live adjacent to us. As man cannot live alone, —.
(e) Birds fly in the sky. I wish —.
4. Read the text and fill in the gaps with correct form of verbs. .5×10=5
Parents (a) — (be) the blessings of God to us. When a child (b) — (bear), their joys (c) — (know) no bounds. They begin to (d) — (start) (e) — (think) of (f) — (nurse) and (g) — (bring) up their child. Children (h) — (remain) safe under the custody of their parents since their birth. Parents never mind (i) — (take) pains for the upbringing of their offsprings. We (j) — (offend) our parents.
5. Change the narrative style by using indirect speeches. 5
He said, “I can chop some wood today.” “You? But you’re small.” “Size don’t matter chopping wood,” Jerry said. “Some of the big boys don’t chop good. I’ve been chopping wood at the orphanage for a long time.
6. Use appropriate sentence connectors in the blank spaces of the following passage.  .5×10=5
We want success (a) — prosperity in life. (b) — we do not do what are needed in achieving these. (c) — we want to make our life glorious, we must follow some rules. (d) — we have to be industrious. (e) — without hard work, success in life is impossible. (f) — sincere in our activities. Some people think that good luck is at the root of all achievements in life. (g) — to them nothing is further from truth than it. (h) — every success in life depends totally we should be on our activities. (i) — we spend time in idleness, we must suffer. (j) — we should be honest in life because this virtue helps us greatly to gain our goal.
Part B: Composition (20 Marks)
7. Write an application to the Principal of your college for increasing library facilities in your college library. 10
8. Write a cause and effect paragraph on ‘Indiscriminate Cutting of Trees”. Briefly point out the causes of this large-scale deforestation and its effect on our environment. You must complete this paragraph within 200 words. 10
RAJSHAHI BOARD-2022
ENGLISH (COMPULSORY) SECOND PAPER
Part A: Grammar (30 Marks)
1. Fill in the gaps with appropriate prepositions. .5×10=5
Shilpi married Rashid (a) — the age of fifteen. Marrying (b) — daughters (c) — an early age is a standard practice (d) — many families living in rural Bangladesh. (e) — her wedding, Silpi joined a local empowerment group that helps her (f) — cultural practices, particularly those pertaining (g) — her wedding. Shilpi the tools needed to gradually change early marriage and pregnancy. The group’s activities include discussions (h) — how to change behaviour related (i) — reproductive health as well as one-on-one counselling. Like Shilpi, many of the girls got assistance (j) — this empowerment group.
2. Complete the sentences with suitable phrases/words given in the box.  .5×10-5
was born, what’s….. like, let alone, as soon as, what does…. look like, has to, had better, it, there, would rather
(a) Susmita is very honest. She — resign the post than earn money in a dishonest way.
(b) Karim: — your new dress —? Rahim: It is very nice.
(c) Sukanto — on 25 August, 1926 at his maternal uncle’s home at Kolkata.
(d) I cannot remember the title of the book, — the details of the story. I read it many years ago.
(e) You look very dirty. You — take bath before you go to bed.
(f) Panic seized me — I heard his roaring voice.
(g) My mother is ill. She — be shifted to hospital.
(h) I have never seen a ghost. — a ghost — ?
(i) —  lived a boy named Newton. The boy was very kind-hearted. So, everybody liked him.
(j) During Spring, various kinds of flowers bloom. — seems that everything has got a new life.
3. Complete the sentences using suitable clauses/phrases. 1×5=5
(a) If I had a camera, —. I like photography very much.
(b) Though he was brilliant, —. He was very irregular in his college.
(c) Jamil had an accident yesterday while he —.
(d) I am not a rich man. The car is too expensive —.
(e) There goes a proverb that —. So, we should make friendship with a gentleman.
4. Read the text and fill in the gaps with the correct form of verbs and subject verb agreement as per context. .5×10-5 There are many reasons for which many a student in our country (a) — (fail) in English. That English is a foreign language is the main reason. English is as if it (b) — (to be) a language (c) — (mean) for a particular class of people. It (d) — (regard) as a sheer wastage of time. They (e) — (begin) to cram English as though they (f) — (consider) cramming is the only way to learn English. But (g) — (have) they been earnest in learning English, they could have (h) — (do) it easily. Moreover, they are not (i) — (motivate) properly. In addition, the textbooks (j) — (not write) according to the need of the learners.
5. Change the narrative style by using indirect speeches. 5
“What happened to you, Tareq?” said Rashed. “I was sick with the flu. Have you heard anything about our exam?” said Tareq. “It is on 23 October. You need to collect the admit card of the exam,” said Rashed. “From where can I get it?” said Tareq. “It is in the office room,” said Rashed.
6. Use appropriate sentence connectors in the blank spaces of the following passage. .5×10=5
Air is an important element of our environment. (a) —, clean air is essential for our life. (b) — air is polluted in many ways. (c) —, one thing that pollutes air is smoke. Smoke is produced from 10 different sources. (d) — we make fire to cook food and it creates smoke. (e) — buses and trucks plying in the roads emit smoke. (f) — the burning of coal in the railway engine also produces smoke. (g) — the mills and factories also produce a huge amount of smoke. (h) — we melt tar for road constructions which produces black smoke. (i) — all these smokes mix with the air and pollute it. (j) — smoke from different sources is causing serious harm to our environment.
Part B: Composition (20 Marks)
7. Write a letter to the editor of a newspaper complaining against the reckless driving of the motor cars in the streets. 10
8. Write a paragraph on ‘Food Adulteration’ showing its causes and effects. [Use 200 words] 10
DHAKA BOARD-2022
ENGLISH (COMPULSORY) SECOND PAPER
Part A: Grammar (30 Marks)
1. Complete the text with suitable prepositions.      .5×10=5
Camels are one of the few animals that can live in a desert. Camels have humps (a) — their backs. They store fat (b) — these humps. The fat gives them energy. Because camels do not store water, fat helps produce water when camels move (c) — the dry desert. They can go (d) — several months without water. Camels eat grass to get moisture. The camels are as useful (e) — the people of the desert as the buffalo are (f) — the grasslands. The meat of the camel is good to eat. People make cloth (g) — of camel hair. Shoes are made (h) — the hides. The camels are also good (i) — travel in the desert. Some people travel the desert (j) — camels, to make a living.
2. Complete the following sentences with suitable phrases/words given in the box. .5×10=5
what’s….. like, have to/has to, what does…. look like, there, would rather, had better, let alone, was born, as soon as, it
(a) We have not decided yet where we are going. — booked the tickets.
(b) I — lead a simple life than earn a lot of money illegally.
(c) — has been many years since I saw him.
(d) Have you ever seen an octopus? — it —?
(e) Socrates was a great Greek philosopher. He — in 469 BC.
(f) The sailors were terrified. — were no birds or animals in that snow covered country.
(g) He is not at home now. — he returns, I will ring you.
(h) I hear you have joined a new job. your new boss?
(i) You are always late in attending class. You — be on time.
(j) I — get to the railway station by five or else I may miss the train.
3. Complete the sentences using suitable clauses/phrases.
(a) I could not recognise you at first. It was many years since we —.
(b) Water is polluted in different ways. It is high time we —.
(c) I think you are not regular in studies. Be attentive lest —.
(d) Birds fly in the sky freely. Had I the wings of a bird —.
(e) There are many obstacles in our way to success. We must work hard so that —.
4. Read the text and fill in the gaps with correct form of verbs as per subject and context.   .5×10=5
When I was a child, I (a) — (be) afraid of the dark, and I always (b) — (go) to sleep with a light on. Even then, I feared that monsters (c) — (climb) in through my bedroom window and kill me. And every sound I (d) — (hear) struck fear into me. Often, I ran away from the room and (e) — (sleep) on the floor at the foot of my parent’s bed. Now that I (f) — (be) almost twenty years old. I obviously do better than what I (g) — (do) as a child. However, I (h) — (be) still scared of bedtime. I dislike (i) — (sleep) alone, and I still keep a tiny night-light on. And before I go to bed. I double-check every door and every window to make sure that they (j) — (be) locked. Indeed, imaginary beings do not invade from outside, they exist in our superstitious beliefs.
5. Change the narrative style by using indirect speeches.
“Follow my example,” she said as we shook hands, “and never eat more than one thing for luncheon.” “I’ll do better than that,” I retorted. “I’ll eat nothing for dinner tonight.” “Humorist!” You’re quite a humorist,” she cried gaily, jumping into a cab.
6. Use appropriate sentence connectors in the blank spaces of the following passage. .5×10=5
Once there lived a grasshopper and an ant. The ant was hard working. (a) — the grasshopper was lazy. (b) — he idled away his time dancing and sleeping. (c) —, he sometimes advised the ant not to work so hard. (d) — the ant paid no heed to the grasshopper. (e) — he continued to work hard gathering food for the coming winter. (f) — winter came, covering everything with snow. The surface of the earth went under the snow-cover. (g) — the grasshopper could not find any food. (h) — he had nothing in stock. (i) —, he went to the ant for help. The ant gave him some food for the day. (j) —, the long winter was ahead, and the grasshopper was really worried about his survival.
Part B: Composition (20 Marks)
7. Suppose, you sent five packages of books to Khulna through Zebra Courier Service. One package was missing at the time of delivery. Now, write a letter to the customer service manager complaining about missing goods. 10
8. Write a paragraph on ‘On-campus class and online class’ showing their respective merits and demerits within 200 words. 10
MYMENSINGH BOARD-2022
ENGLISH (COMPULSORY) SECOND PAPER
Part A: Grammar (30 Marks)
1. Complete the text with suitable prepositions. .5×10=5
A teacher is an architect (a) — a nation. He plays an important role (b) — building up an educated nation. He dispels the darkness (c) — ignorance (d) — the lot of a nation.  He is an actor, so to speak. He has to suit his act according (e) — the need of his audience which is which his class. He is a clear speaker (f) — good, strong and pleasing voice which is (g) — his control. He does not sit motionless (h) — his class. Everybody has something valuable (i) — him. A good teacher discovers the treasure hidden inside each student. He also wants the students to be happy and for this he keeps them busy. A good teacher never hankers (j) — money.
2. Complete the sentences with suitable phrases/words given in the box. .5×10=5
have to/has to, not only…. but also, it, was born, as soon as, what does…… look like, there, let alone, would rather , had better
(a) Manners make a man. Students — practice good manners in everyday life.
(b) Most students in our country are weak in English. They — follow the advice of their teachers for improvement.
(c) Cox’s Bazar is a popular tourist hub. — are many nice hotels for tourists.
(d) The other day, I met an old rickshaw puller. He told me that he — pull a rickshaw than beg.
(e) A poor man struggles hard to survive in our country. He can hardly earn Tk. 200 a day, — Tk. 2.000.
(f) In Dhaka city, traffic jam is very common. — may occur anywhere, anytime.
(g) Smoking is one of the major causes of heart attack and cancer. — a smoker stops smoking, he can avoid the risk of many health hazards.
(h) Have you ever heard the name of William Shakespeare? He — on 23 April 1564 in England. He was one of the greatest dramatists of the world.
(i) Son: Dad, — an alien —? Father: Well. Aliens are believed to come from another planet by UFOS. Films and science fictions tell us about them. They are really awesome.
(j) Learning more than one language — improves a person’s capacity boosts his confidence. So, children are being taught more than one language.
3. Complete the sentences using suitable clauses/phrases. 1×5=5
(a) Florence Nightingale wanted to be a nurse with a view to —.
(b) We are a free nation now. 1971 is the year when —.
(c) I don’t have enough money. Had I been a rich man, —.
(d) My final examination is going on. I studied hard lest I —.
(e) Man proposes, —.
4. Read the text and fill in the gaps with correct form of verbs as per subject and context.     .5×10=5
People who (a) — (appear) most often and most gloriously in the pages of history (b) — (be) great conquerors and generals. Whereas, the people who really (c) — (help) civilization forward are often never (d) — (mention) at all. We do not know who first (e) — (set) a broken leg or (f) — (launch) a sea worthy boat or (g) — (calculate) the length of a year. The great men are those who (h) — (work) ceaselessly to quicken the pace of civilization. On the contrary, the condemned men are those who (i) — (cause) bloodshed and violence in the world. All of us praise the great men of the world. We are highly indebted to those great men who contributed a lot to (j) — (flourish) the civilization.
5. Change the narrative style by using indirect speeches.
Jerry said. “I can chop some wood today.” “But I have a boy coming from the orphanage.” “I’m the boy. “You? But you are small.” “Size does not matter, chopping wood,” Jerry said, “Some of the big boys don’t chop good. I’ve been chopping wood at the orphanage for a long time.”
6. Use appropriate sentence connectors/linkers in the blank spaces of the following passage. .5×10=5
The old sailor spoke so strangely (a) — the guest stood still. The feast began (b) — the guest could hear the music and laughter, (c) — for some reasons he could not join the others. The old man told him about his last journey on the sea. They had sailed away to the south (d) — they had arrived in the cold grey sea. (e) — the sea was frozen. (f) — the ice was all around them. The big sails opened wide (g) — the strong wind blew them quickly through the icy waters. The weather was very cold. (h) — there were no birds and animals in that snow covered country. But one day the sailors saw an albatross flying towards the ship. All men were very pleased to see it and they gave it food and water. It came to the ship every day (i) — they called it. (j) — one day. the old sailor killed the bird and after that everyone had to undergo terrible sufferings.
Part B: Composition (20 Marks)
7. Suppose, a big canal runs along your village. People have to cross it every day but they face many problems due to a damaged bridge. Now, write a letter to the Chairman of your Union Parishad for repairing the bridge immediately. 10
8. Write a paragraph within 200 words about the “Causes of Failure in English and their Remedies.” 10