2019

Dhaka Board−2019 
English (Compulsory)− First Paper  [According to the syllabus of 2019] 
Full marks: 100 Time: 3 hours 
[Answer all the questions. Figures in the margin indicate full marks.] 
Part−I: Reading Test [60 Marks] 
1. Read the passage and answer the questions A and B. 
When adolescent girls are pulled out of school, either for marriage or work, they often lose their mobility, their friends and social status. The lack of mobility among adolescent girls also curtails their economic and non-formal educational opportunities. Moreover, they lack information about health issues. According to a study, only about three in five adolescents have even heard of HIV. It is also reported that more than 50 percent of adolescent girls are undernourished and suffer from anaemia.  Adolescent fertility rate increased from 20.3% in 1993 to 24.4% in 2007. Moreover, neonatal mortality is another concern for younger mothers.  While the situation for adolescent boys is somewhat better, many are vulnerable and lack the power to make decisions about their own lives. Many boys who are unable to go to school, or are unemployed, remain unaware of social or health issues. They are at considerable risk of being drawn into criminal activities. They are likely to get exposed to drugs and alcohol causing irreparable damage to their health and life. [Text: Unit−6; Lesson−2] 
A. Choose the correct answer from the alternatives. 1 × 5 = 5
(a) The word ‘mobility’ means ⎯⎯.  i. ability ii. creativity iii. movement iv. activity
(b) The phrase ‘exposed to’ may best be replaced by ⎯⎯.  
i. to remove something ii. make public  iii. experience something harmful iv. shocking news 
(c) The closest meaning of ‘study’ is ⎯⎯.  i. skipping ii. omitting iii. reporting iv. learning
(d) The word ‘anaemia’ refers to ⎯⎯.  i. blood pressure ii. blood sugar  iii. shortage of blood iv. blood contamination 
(e) The ‘neonatal’ is closely related to ⎯⎯.  i. a newborn baby ii. a mother iii. an adolescent iv. a disease
B. Answer the following questions. 2 × 5 = 10
(a) Why are adolescent girls the worst sufferers? 
(b) What happens to a girl when she loses mobility? 
(c) Who, do you think, are more vulnerable to adolescent health problems⎯boys or girls? Why? (d) What major problems do boys face during adolescence? 
(e) Why should all of us say “no’ to drugs? 
2. Read the following text and make a flow-chart highlighting the different aspects of socio cultural life as reflected in folk music. (No. 1 has been done for you) 2 × 5 = 10
In Bangladesh folk music has great variety, with songs being composed on culture, festivals, views of life, natural beauty, rivers and rural and riverine life. These songs are also about social inequality and poverty, about the material world and the supernatural. Mystical songs have been composed using the metaphors of rivers and boats. Since the country is basically riverine, the Bhatiyali forms an important genre of folk music. Folk music is formed and develops according to the environment.  Differences in the natural environment are reflected in the people of the different regions. The dialects too vary across the different regions. Bangladeshi folk music therefore varies from region to region. Thus there are the northern Bhawaiya, the eastern Bhatiyali and the southwestern Baul songs. [Text: Unit−5; Lesson−2] 
1. Songs reflecting rural and riverine life 
3. Write a summary of the following text. 10
The term ‘diaspora’ is used to refer to people who have left their homelands and settled in other parts of the world, either because they were forced to do so or because they wanted to leave on their own. The word is increasingly used for such people as a collective group or a community. The world has seen many diasporas but scholars have been studying the phenomenon with great interest only in recent decades.  Among the great diasporas of history is that of the Jewish people, who were forced to leave their lands in ancient times. The movement of Aryans from Central Europe to the Indian sub-continent thousands of years ago is also a noteworthy diaspora, although the causes of this diaspora are unclear. In twentieth century history, the Palestinian diaspora has attracted a lot of attention and been a cause of concern for world leaders because of the plight of Palestinians. There have been massive diasporas in Africa, too, over the centuries, either because of war or because of the ravages of nature. But the chief reason why the phenomenon of diaspora is attracting so much attention now is globalization. [Text: Unit−9; Lesson−1] 
4. Read the following text and fill in the blanks with suitable word from the box. There are more words than needed. You may change the form of the words if necessary. 0.5 × 10 = 5 
resultdump,  creature,  odour,  dispose,  waterborneavert,  microphone,  toxic,  avoid,  fume,  determine
Every year millions of people all over the world die unnecessarily as a result of pollution. These unfortunate and (a) ⎯⎯ deaths are brought about by four specific factors. Firstly, air pollution from factories, burning trash, and vehicle (b) ⎯⎯ cause pneumonia, bronchitis and other respiratory diseases. Then, water pollution from industrial discharge, the indiscriminate (c) ⎯⎯ of toxic chemicals, and the (d) ⎯⎯ of human waste into rivers and canals causes poisoning and (e) ⎯⎯  diseases such as cholera and diarrhoea. The next factor is the noise pollution from vehicle horns and (f) ⎯⎯ that might cause aggression and damage hearing. And finally, (g) ⎯⎯ pollution from dumped or untreated human waste causes serious discomfort to our sense of smell, and attracts disease-bearing (h) ⎯⎯ such as rats and flies. We should take (i) ⎯⎯ action to control these problems and clean up the environment to (j) ⎯⎯ these unnecessary diseases. 
5. Fill in the gaps using suitable words. 1 × 10 = 10
We all know what a dream is. Generally, we dream during our sleep. Some dreams are sweet or (a) ⎯⎯. When we dream something extremely bad, we call it a (b) ⎯⎯. Dreams have no (c) ⎯⎯. They are soft and (d) ⎯⎯. The dream we have during the day time is called (e) ⎯⎯. Dreams have fascinated philosophers for thousands of years, but none could (f) ⎯⎯ specifically what dream actually is. Dreams can be extraordinarily (g) ⎯⎯ or very vague. While many theories have been proposed no consensus has emerged. It is important to consider that science is still (h) ⎯⎯ the exact purpose and function of sleep itself. Some researchers suggest that dreams have no (i) ⎯⎯ purpose, while others believe that (j) ⎯⎯ is essential to mental, emotional and physical well-being. 
6. The sentences in the following text are jumbled. Rearrange them in a proper. 10
(a) All the servants were called and interrogated. 
(b) In order to find out the thief, the judge chalked out an intelligent plan. 
(c) Once a gold necklace was lost from a rich man’s house.  
(d) The servants were summoned to the court but they denied having stolen the necklace.
(e) When the servants came to the court the next day, the thief had already cut off an inch of his tick. 
(f) But nobody confessed their guilt. 
(g) So the owner of the house lodged a complaint in the court. 
(h) The judge found one of the sticks shorter than the others and in this way he could easily catch the thief. 
(i) Naturally it was suspected that one of the servants had stolen the necklace.
(j) He gave each of the suspects a stick of equal length and said that one of the sticks would increase by an inch the next day. 
Part−II: Writing Test [40 Marks] 
7. Write a paragraph on ‘Food Adulteration’ in about 200 words based on the answers to the following questions. 10
(a) What do you mean by food adulteration? (b) How does food get adulterated? (c) Who are responsible for food adulteration? (d) What is the impact of adulterated food on our body? (e) What can be done to stop it?
8. Read the beginning of the following story and complete it in your own way. Give a title to the story. 7 Once upon a time, a crow was very thirsty. It flew from place to place in search of water but unfortunately it did not find any water. All on a sudden it saw….. 
9. Suppose, you are Ratul. Write an e-mail to your younger brother narrating the benefits of reading newspapers daily. 5
10. The chart below shows the number of mobile phone and internet users in Bangladesh from the year 2014 to 2018. Describe the chart in at least 80 words. You should highlight the information and report the main features. 10
Mobile phone users  Internet users  N.B. : Numbers indicate million people 
11. Write down the theme of the following poem. (Not more than 50 words): 8
I will arise and go now, and go to Innisfree, 
And a small cabin build there, of clay and wattles made; 
Nine bean rows will I have there, a hive for the honey bee 
And live alone in the bee loud glade. 
And I shall have some peace there, for peace comes dropping slow 
Dropping from the veils of the morning to where the cricket sings; 
There midnight’s all a glimmer, and noon a purple glow, 
And evening full of the linnet’s wings. 
I will arise and go now, for always night and day 
I hear lake water lapping with low sounds by the shore; 
While I stand on the roadway, or on the pavements grey, 
I hear it in the deep heart’s core. 
Rajshahi Board−2019
English (Compulsory)− First Paper  [According to the syllabus of 2019] 
Full marks : 100 Time : 3 hours 
[Answer all the questions. Figures in the margin indicate full marks.] 
Part−I : Reading Test [60 Marks] 
1. Read the passage and answer the questions A and B. 
As a child you must have been told to greet your elders and visitors to your home according to your  culture and tradition. You must also have been taught to be polite in company and keep quiet while  others, especially your elders, speak. Possibly, at times you even protested such disciplining. Now,  certainly you know that you can’t always behave the way you want specially in the presence of others.  There are rules of behavior you have to follow in a company. We are social beings and have to consider   the effect of our behaviour on others, even if we are at home and dealing with our family members. We have two terms to describe our social behaviour− ‘etiquette’ and ‘manners.’ ‘Etiquette’ is a French  word and it means the rules of correct behaviour in society. The word ‘manners’ means the behaviour  that is considered to be polite in a particular society or culture. Manners can be good or bad. For  example, it is a bad manner to speak with food in one’s mouth. No one likes a bad mannered person.  Remember that etiquette and manners vary from culture to culture and from society to society. We learn etiquette and manners from our parents, families and various institutions, such as schools,  colleges or professional bodies. There are rules of behaviour for all kinds of social occasions and it is  important to learn them and practise them in everyday life. The manners that are correct in a wedding  reception will not do in a debating club. Therefore, we have to be careful about etiquette and manners.  We know how important it is to say ‘please’ and ‘thank you’ in everyday life. A few more polite  expressions such as ‘pardon me,’ ‘excuse me’, ‘may I,’ are bound to make your day smooth and  pleasant. [Text : Unit−4; Lesson−1] 
A. Choose the correct answer from the alternatives. 1 × 5 = 5
(a) The word ‘possibly’ refers to ⎯⎯.  i. really ii. perhaps iii. exactly iv. eventually
(b) The best synonym of ‘smooth’ is ⎯⎯.  i. glossy ii. uneven iii. peaceful iv. urbane
(c) Therefore, we have to be ⎯⎯ about etiquette and manners.  i. judicious ii. liberal iii. sensitive iv. cautious
(d) The word ‘vary’ is a/ an ⎯⎯.  i. adverb ii. verb iii. adjective iv. noun
(e) If there are elders or visitors at your home, the proper attitude towards them is to ⎯⎯. i. annoy them ii. avoid them iii. accost them iv. rebuke them
B. Answer the following questions. 2 × 5 = 10
(a) What is meant by ‘etiquette’ and ‘manners’? 
(b) Who likes a bad mannered person? Give an example of a bad manner. 
(c) Why is it important to learn and practise the rules of behaviour in everyday life?
(d) Where do we learn etiquette and manners from? 
(e) Write a few polite expressions mentioned in the passage. 
2. Read the following text and make a flow-chart showing the names of some significant  diasporas and causes mentioned in the passage. (No. 1 has been done for you) 2 × 5 = 10
The term ‘diaspora’ is used to refer to people who have left their homelands and settled in other  parts of the world, either because they were forced to do so or because they wanted to leave on their  own. The word is increasingly used for such people as a collective group and/or a community. The  world has seen many diasporas but scholars have been studying the phenomenon with great  interest only in recent decades.  Among the great diasporas of history is that of the Jewish people, who were forced to leave their  lands in ancient times. The movement of Aryans from Central Europe to the Indian sub-continent  thousands of years ago is also a noteworthy diaspora, although the causes of this diaspora are  unclear. In twentieth century history, the Palestinian diaspora has attracted a lot of attention and  been a cause of concern for world leaders because of the plight of the Palestinians. There have been  massive diasporas in Africa, too, over the centuries, either because of war or because of the ravages  of nature. But the chief reason why the phenomenon of diaspora is attracting so much attention now  is globalization. [Text : Unit−9; Lesson−1] 
1. Diaspora of the Jewish people    2.    3.    4.    5.    6.
 3. Write a summary of the following text. 10

According to some myths and legends, Gazi Pir was a Muslim saint who is said to have spread Islam  in the parts of Bengal close to the Sundarbans. He was credited with many miracles. For example,  he could supposedly calm dangerous animals and make them docile. He is usually depicted in paats  or scroll paintings riding a fierce-looking Bengal tiger, a snake in his hand, but in no apparent  danger. According to some stories, he also fought crocodiles who threatened the people of a region  full of canals and creeks, indeed, a kind of watery jungle bordering the Bay of Bengal. Because of his  alert and vigilant presence, all predatory animals were said to have been kept within bounds. It was  also believed that he enabled villagers to live close to forests and jungles and cultivate their lands.  Consequently, people of these regions would pray to him for protection. The story of Gazi Pir has  been preserved in folk literature as well as art and has been performed in indigenous theatre. In fact,  some Gazir paat scrolls are part of the collection of the British Museum. [Text : Unit−14; Lesson−3] 
4. Read the following text and fill in the blanks with suitable words from the box. There are more  words than needed. (Make any grammatical change if necessary). 0.5 × 10 = 5 
possible,  religion,  positive,  discourage,  tie,  yet,  waste,  allow,  circular,  safe,  recruit, though  
To encourage female education, the government has taken some (a) ⎯⎯ steps such as giving  stipends to girl students, (b) ⎯⎯ more female teachers, etc. (c) ⎯⎯ girls cannot receive the full  benefit of education mainly because of the following reasons. (d) ⎯⎯ misinterpretation and social  structures (e) ⎯⎯ girls from going to schools. Even in urban schools girls are not (f) ⎯⎯ by many  parents to live in hostels for their daughters’ (g) ⎯⎯. Early marriage and childbirth make women (h)  ⎯⎯ to home with no (i) ⎯⎯ of going back to school. Any expenditure for sending girls to school is  considered a (j) ⎯⎯ by many parents whereas it is regarded as an investment in case of boys. 
5. Fill in the blanks with appropriate words in each gap. 1 × 10 = 10
The persona of a traffic policeman has always been a (a) ⎯⎯ one. It has often found (b) ⎯⎯ space  and close treatment in literature and other (c) ⎯⎯. Besides the many poems about this (d) ⎯⎯ character, there is at least one (e) ⎯⎯ where the central character is a traffic policeman. In 1963,  Greek film maker Filippos Fylaktas made this film (f) ⎯⎯ My Brother, the Traffic Policeman. It  featured a slightly (g) ⎯⎯ traffic police, Antonis Pikrocholos who is utterly (h) ⎯⎯ to service and  duty and applies the traffic (i) ⎯⎯ with unyielding (j) ⎯⎯. 
6. Rearrange the following sentences to make a coherent order. 10
(a) He showed extraordinary credit in every examination of the school. 
(b) He has made great contribution to the scientific research of Bangladesh. 
(c) Dr. Kudrat-e-Khuda was born on 8th May at village Margram in the district of Birbhum in West  Bengal in 1900 AD. 
(d) In 1925 getting star marks he passed M.Sc in Chemistry from Kolkata Varsity.
(e) He died on 3rd November in 1977. 
(f) His father Hazrat Shah Abdul Mukit was a pious man.
(g) In 1929 he passed D.Sc from Imperial College in England. 
(h) At the age of six, he was admitted into a Furkania Madrasa and then he was admitted into an  English School. 
(i) He made a great plan to give the new structure of education system. 
(j) In 1953, he was appointed Chairman of Secondary Education Board. 
Part−II : Writing Test [40 Marks] 
7. Write a paragraph on ‘The Sundarbans’ on the basis of the answers to the following questions  in about 200 words : 10
(a) What type of forest is the Sundarbans? (b) What is the location of the Sundarbans? (c) Why is the  Sundarbans famous? (d) What is the present condition of this forest? (e) What are the causes of  destruction of the Sundarbans and what causes the extinction of tigers? (f) What role does the  Sundarbans play in the national economy? 
8. The following is the beginning of a story. Complete it in your own words : 7
Once there lived a poor farmer. He had a goose. It used to lay a golden egg everyday. He sold the  golden egg in the market. He was very greedy…… 
9. Suppose, you are Shamim, Rifat is your younger brother. Write an e-mail to your younger  brother advising him to take part in games and sports regularly. 5
10. The pie-chart below shows the percentage of travellers in Bangladesh travelling in different  transportation ways per day. Describe the pie-chart in at least 80 words. 10 
11. Write down the theme of the following poem. (not more than 50 words) 8

I sit on one of the dives 
On fifty-second Street 
Uncertain and afraid 
As the clever hopes expire. 
Of a low dishonest decade : 
Waves of anger and fear 
Circulate over the bright 
And darkened lands of the earth, 
Obsessing our private lives; 
The unmentionable odour of death 
Offends the September night.   
Jashore Board−2019 
English (Compulsory)− First Paper 
[According to the syllabus of 2019] 
Full marks : 100 Time : 3 hours 
[Answer all the questions. Figures in the margin indicate full marks.] 
Part−I : Reading Test [60 Marks] 
1. Read the following text and answer the questions A and B. 
Valentina Tereshkova was born in the village Maslennikovo, Tutayevsky District, in Central Russia.  Tereshkova’s father was a tractor driver and her mother worked in a textile plant. Tereshkova began  school in 1945 at the age of eight but left school in 1953 and continued her education through  distance learning. She became interested in parachuting from a young age, and trained in skydiving at  the local Aeroclub, making her first jump at age 22 on 21 May 1959. At that time she was employed as  a textile worker a local factory. It was her expertise in skydiving that led to her selection as a  cosmonaut.  After the flight of Yuri Gagarin (The first human being to travel to outer space in 1961), the Soviet  Union decided to send a woman in space. On 16 February 1962, “Proletaria” Valentina Tereshkova was  selected for this project from among more than four hundred applicants. Tereshkova had to undergo a  series of training that included weightless flights, isolation tests, centrifuge tests, rocket theory,  spacecraft engineering, 120 parachute jumps and pilot training in MiG-15 UTI jet fighters.  Since the successful launch of the spacecraft Vostok-5 on 14 June 1963, Tereshkova began preparing  for her own flight. On the morning of 16 June 1963, Tereshkova and her back-up cosmonaut  Solovyova were dressed in spacesuits and taken to the space shuttle launch pad by a bus. After  completing her communication and life support checks, she was sealed inside Vostok 6. Finishing a  two-hour countdown, Vostok-6 launched faultlessly. [Text : Unit−1; Lesson−3]
A. Choose the correct answer from the alternatives. 1 × 5 = 5
(a) What does the word ‘expertise’ mean?  i. proficiency ii. ability iii. knowledge iv. expert opinion
(b) Who was Tereshkova’s backup cosmonaut?  i. Solovyova ii. an ordinary pilot iii. Nobody iv. her cousin
(c) When Tereshkova made her first jump, she was an employee ⎯⎯.  i. in a local textile factory ii. in a sewing factory  iii. in a kindergarten school iv. in an aerospace company 
(d) How many applicants were there for the project?  i. 300 ii. 400 iii. 450 iv. 500
(e) What does the word ‘proletaria’ in the passage refer to?  i. the working class people ii. people with special needs  iii. common people iv. people who are sick 
B. Answer the following questions. 2 × 5 = 10
(a) What do you know about Tereshkova’s early life? 
(b) What led to the selection of Tereshkova as a cosmonaut ? 
(c) What can you say about the trainings Tereshkova took? 
(d) Who was the first human being to fly to outer space? 
(e) Briefly discuss Tereshkova’s experience in Vostok-6. 
2. Read the following text and make a flow chart showing the objectives of peace movement.  (One is done for you) 2 × 5 = 10
A peace movement is a social movement that seeks to achieve ideals such as the ending of a  particular war (or all wars), minimize inter-human violence in a particular place or type of situation  including ban of guns, and is often linked to the goal of achieving world peace. Means to achieve  these ends include advocacy of pacifism, non-violent resistance, diplomacy, boycotts,  demonstrations, peace camps; supporting anti-war political candidates and banning guns, creating  open government, direct democracy; supporting people who expose war-crimes or conspiracies to  create wars, and making laws. Different organizations involved in peace movements may have some  diverse goals, but one common goal is sustainability of peace.  Peace movement is basically an all-encompassing “anti-war movement”. It is primarily characterized  by a belief that human beings should not wage war on each other or engage in violent conflicts over  language, race, natural resources, religion or ideology. It is believed that military power is not the  equivalent of justice. The peace movement tends to oppose the proliferation of dangerous  technologies and weapons of mass destruction, in particular, nuclear weapons and biological  warfare. Moreover, many object to the export of weapons including hand-held machine guns and  grenades by leading economic nations to lesser developed nations. [Text : Unit−10; Lesson−5] 
1. Ending of a particular war 
   2.    3.    4.    5.    6.
3. Write a summary of the following text. 10 Universities should never be made into mechanical organizations for collecting and distributing  knowledge. Through them the people should offer their intellectual hospitality, their wealth of mind  to others, and earn their proud right in return to receive gifts from the rest of the world. But in the  whole length and breadth of India there is not a single University established in the modern time  where a foreign or an Indian student can properly be acquainted with the best products of the  Indian mind. For that we have to cross the sea, and knock at the doors of France and Germany.  Educational institutions in our country are India’s alms-bowl of knowledge; they lower our  intellectual self-respect; they encourage us to make a foolish display of decorations composed of  borrowed feathers. [Text : Unit−15; Lesson−1] 

4. Fill in the gaps with suitable words from the box. Make any grammatical change if necessary. 0.5 × 10 = 5 
eloquent,  darkness,  awareness,  learn,  attain,  enlightenchoice,  intellectual,  purpose,  human,  sensibility,  parochialism  
Education is the process by which our mind develops through formal (a) ⎯⎯ at an institution. It is  mental and (b) ⎯⎯ training. It provides opportunities of growth and helps to (c) ⎯⎯ challenges.  Moreover, the purpose of education is to (d) ⎯⎯ an individual. The aim of education is also to train  individuals to make right (e) ⎯⎯. It ennobles our mind and refines our (f) ⎯⎯. It broadens our  outlook and removes (g) ⎯⎯. It helps us to be (h) ⎯⎯ of our rights and responsibilities. Education  furnishes us with an (i) ⎯⎯ in expressing truth. Therefore, it is compared to light which dispels the  (j) ⎯⎯ of ignorance. 
5. Fill in the blanks with appropriate word in each gap. 1 × 10 = 10
There goes a proverb that child is (a) ⎯⎯ of the man. Today’s child is the (b) ⎯⎯ of a nation. He will  (c) ⎯⎯ the country. The whole (d) ⎯⎯ depends on their proper (e) ⎯⎯. It is our fundamental (f) ⎯⎯ to rouse their (g) ⎯⎯ talent. A sound environment is (h) ⎯⎯ both in the family and the society so  that a child (i) ⎯⎯ up physically, mentally and spiritually. Only then it will be (j) ⎯⎯ to build up a  beautiful and developed country.
6. Rearrange the following sentences to make a coherent order. 10
(a) The king was fond of knowing his future from the astrologer. 
(b) The king called him to the palace. 
(c) At this the king got furious and condemned him to death. 
(d) A good astrologer visited the capital of the king. 
(e) Once there was a king. 
(f) With ready wit he said, ‘The stars declare that I’ll die only a week before your death”.
(g) But another thought crossed his mind before the astrologer was removed for execution.
(h) The king then asked, “How long would you live?” 
(i) The astrologer told something very unpleasant. 
(j) He then thought for a while some ways of escape. 
Part−II : Writing Test [40 Marks] 
7. Write a paragraph on ‘Climate Change’ in about 200 words based on the answers to the  following questions. 10
(a) What is climate change? (b) What are the causes of climate change? (c) What are the impacts of  climate change? (d) How is climate change a threat to Bangladesh? (e) How can climate change be  minimized? 
8. The following is the beginning of a story. Complete it in your own words : 7
Once there lived a happy cobbler in a town. He passed his days in singing and dancing…..
9. Suppose, you have a pen friend living in Canada. Now write an e-mail inviting him to visit  your country. 5
10. The graph chart shows the choice of profession by educated people in our country. Describe  the graph chart in at least 80 words : 10 70%  60%  50%  40%  30%  20%  10%  0% Research Banking Teaching  Farming Business Govt. Job 
11. Write down the theme of the following poem. (Not more than fifty words) 8
I wandered lonely as a cloud 
That floats on high o’er vales and hills, 
When all at once I saw a crowd, 
A host of golden daffodils; 
Beside the lake, beneath the trees, 
Fluttering and dancing on the breeze. 
Continuous as the stars that shine 
And twinkle in the milky way 
Along the margin of a bay: 
Ten thousand saw I at a glance, 
Tossing their heads in sprightly dance.  
COMBINED BOARD EXAM−2018 (CODE−185: DB; JB; SB & DJB)
English (Compulsory)− First Paper 
Full marks: 100 Time : 3 hours 
[Answer all the questions. Figures in the margin indicate full marks.] 
PART−I : READING TEST [60 Marks] 
1. Read the passage and answer the questions A and B. 
When you are in the driving seat of a car, you have the steering and the horn in your hands, the brake and accelerator under your feet, eyes open looking ahead, left and right. The same can be said about a motorcycle rider, with some modifications. These are all very visible. But, behind all, there is something that keeps working unseen.  And that is the Central Processing Unit (CPU), your brain. CPUs are artificially intelligent machines that are programmed to do specific jobs under fixed conditions and judgements. But the human brain is intelligent by nature. It is the most sophisticated machine that is able to operate on ever-changing conditions and standards of judgement. As conditions in the traffic keep invariably changing, this virtue of sophistication of your brain must be at work when you are driving. The difference between traffic in the roads and highways and racing circuit must not be blurring inside you. Never imagine yourself to be a Michael Schumacher driving an F-l at 300 mph. Leave no room for fantasy. You must always be ready to encounter unexpected behaviour from any vehicle or pedestrian.  ‘Keep your cool’ is easy to advise but difficult to maintain. Still you must always restrain yourself because, at the end of the day, you don’t want to be regarded as a killer. Now you see, the last thing that differentiates you from a computer is your conscience. [Text : Unit−4; Lesson−1]
A. Choose the correct answer from the alternatives. 1 × 5 = 5
(i) What could be the closest meaning for ‘modification’?  a. To change b. To make less extreme  c. Adjust d. An alteration or adjustment to something
(ii) The word ‘Sophisticated’ refers to ⎯⎯.  a. gorgeous b. advanced c. unrefined d. uncomplicated
(iii) ‘Invariably’ could be best replaced by ⎯⎯.  a. regular b. alterable c. inconsistent d. always (iv) The human brain is called Central Processing Unit (CPU) because ⎯⎯.  a. it is the central part of the body b. it performs all important activities c. it is the centre of all activities d. it is the central part of mind 
(v) The best synonym of ‘encounter’ is ⎯⎯.  a. battle b. meeting c. face d. clash
B. Answer the following questions. 2 × 5 = 10
(a) What kind of skill does car driving require? 
(b) What is meant by ‘eyes open looking ahead, left and right’? 
(c) Why is human brain called the most sophisticated machine? 
(d) How do CPUs and brains differ? 
(e) Do you support the idea that conscience is our best guide on the roads? Why? Why not?
2. Read the following text and make a flow chart showing the causes and aspects of conflict. (No. 1 has been done for you) 2 × 5 = 10
Conflict can be described as a disagreement among groups or individuals characterized by antagonism and hostility. This is usually fueled by the opposition of one party to another in an attempt to reach an objective different from that of the other party. The elements involved in the conflict have varied sets of principles and values, thus allowing a conflict to arise.  Conflict can be defined in many ways but one of the simplest is that it pertains to the opposing ideas and actions of different entities, resulting in an antagonistic state. Conflict is an inevitable part of life. All of us possess our own opinions, ideas and sets of beliefs. We have our own ways of looking at things and we act according to what we think is proper. Hence, we often find ourselves in conflict in different scenarios; it may involve other individuals, groups of people, or a struggle within our own selves. Consequently, conflict influences our actions and decisions in one way or other. [Text : Unit−10; Lesson−2] 
1. Disagreement among groups or individuals 
   2.    3.    4.    5.    6.
3. Write a summary of the following text. 10

Universities should never be made into mechanical organizations for collecting and distributing knowledge.  Through them the people should offer their intellectual hospitality, their wealth of mind to others, and earn their proud right in return to receive gifts from the rest of the world. But in the whole length and breadth of India there is not a single University established in the modern time where a foreign or an Indian student can properly be   acquainted with the best products of the Indian mind. For that we have to cross the sea, and knock at the doors of France and Germany. Educational institutions in our country are India’s alms-bowl of knowledge; they lower our intellectual self-respect; they encourage us to make a foolish display of decorations composed of borrowed feathers. [Text: Unit−15; Lesson−1] 
4. Read the following text and fill in the blanks with suitable word from the box. There are more words than needed. Make any grammatical change if necessary. 0.5 × 10 = 5 
ready,  same,  proud,  blue,  depends,  rationalflesh,  mention,  inferior,  class,  birth,  works  
Man’s dignity depends upon his works. Man is a (a) ⎯⎯ being on earth. He is to (b) ⎯⎯ for others. He should not be (c) ⎯⎯ if he is of (d) ⎯⎯ blood. He should be (e) ⎯⎯ to help any (f) ⎯⎯ of man. The man whom he is helping may be (g) ⎯⎯ to him by (h) ⎯⎯. But after all, he is a man. He has the (i) ⎯⎯ blood and flesh as the above (j) ⎯⎯ man. 
5. Fill in the blanks with appropriate word in each gap. 1 × 10 = 10
Dream is a series of thoughts, images and sensations occurring in a person’s mind during sleep. Dream is a (a) ⎯⎯ of unconscious wishes, thoughts and imaginations. It (b) ⎯⎯ be sweet or horrible. When we dream (c) ⎯⎯ pleasant, we call it a sweet dream. (d) ⎯⎯ when we dream something extremely bad, we (e) ⎯⎯ it a nightmare.  Dream is meaningless if (f) ⎯⎯ is a day dream. But dream has also (g) ⎯⎯ real purpose as it is related to our (h) ⎯⎯, emotional and physical well-being. The main benefit (i) ⎯⎯ dream is that it produces new thoughts (j) ⎯⎯ ideas in brain and helps to clean up clutter from mind. 
6. Rearrange the following sentences to make a coherent order. 10
(a) They were aliens in their own country and were subjected to all sorts of indignities. 
(b) The blacks were treated cruelly. 
(c) The great leader vowed to put an end to the inhuman practice. 
(d) They were denied all basic human rights. 
(e) Even dogs received a much better treatment than the blacks. 
(f) Eventually, the great leader realised the goal of liberating his own people. 
(g) He was thrown behind the prison bar. 
(h) Nelson Mandela was the greatest leader of South Africa. 
(i) But the oppressive rulers could not break the spirit. 
(j) In fact, he was one of the greatest leaders of the world who struggled against apartheid throughout his whole life.
Part−I : Writing Test [40 Marks] 
7. Write a paragraph on “Food Adulteration” on the basis of the answers to the following questions in about 200 words. 10
(a) What is food adulteration? (b) How is food adulterated? (c) Who are responsible for food adulteration? (d) What is the impact of adulterated food on our body? (e) What can be done to stop it? 
8. The following is the beginning of a story. Complete it in your own words. 7
Once upon a time there lived a dove. It was passing its days happily. One day while he was sitting on a tree beside a river, he saw an ant…… 
9. Suppose, your friend got first prize in debate competition. Write an e-mail congratulating him. 5
10. The graph below shows “The number of people living below the poverty line from 1995 to 2010”. Describe the graph in 150 words. You should highlight and summarize the information given in the graph. 10 The number of people living below the poverty line (%) 
11. Write down the theme of the following poem. (not more than 50 words) 8

TIME, you old gipsy man. 
Will you not stay. 
Put up your caravan 
Just for one day? 
All things I’ll give you. 
Will you be my guest, 
Bells for your jennet 
Of silver the best, 
Goldsmiths shall beat you 
A great golden ring, 
Peacocks shall bow to you, 
Little boys sing, 
Oh, and sweet girls will 
Festoon you with May, 
Time, you old gipsy, 
Why hasten away?  



Answer
1. A. (i) d. An alteration or adjustment to something (ii) b. advanced (iii) d. always (iv) c. it is the centre of all activities (v) c. face 
B. (a) Car driving requires a number of skills as well as activities. Firstly, we have to keep our hands on the steering and on the horn. Then, we have to keep our feet on the brake and accelerator. Then we have to keep our eyes on surroundings. Of course, our brain keeps working unseen to control everything. A driver has to keep his/her cool and always restrain himself/ herself. 
(b) The expression ‘eyes open looking ahead, left and right’ means a careful and agile eyesight to look around while driving a car. 
(c) Human brain is called the most sophisticated machine because it is able to operate on ever-changing conditions and standards of judgement. 
(d) CPU is artificially an intelligent machine which works with some modifications whereas our brain is natural and it works naturally. Again, CPU is guided by our brain but we are not guided by it. Conscience differentiates us from a computer in the way that we are guided by conscience and we command computer. 
(e) I do support the idea. It is because our conscience upholds us from mechanised consideration, helps us differentiate between right and wrong, good or evil. 
2. 1. Disagreemen t among groups or individuals
2. Fueled by the opposition  of one party to another
3. Pertains to the  opposing ideas  and actions of different  entities
4. An  inevitable  part of  life
5. Influences our  actions and decisions in  one way or another
6. Can be destructive if  left uncontrolled
3. A university should be a centre of gaining knowledge and wisdom. Through universities teachers  should offer their intellectual creativity and their wealth of mind to others. But academic institutions  in our country are the alms-bowl of knowledge. And the education provided by them lowers our  intellectual self-respect and reverence. It is really a matter of great regret. 
4. (a) rational (b) work (c) proud (d) blue (e) ready (f) class (g) inferior (h) birth (i) same (j) mentioned 5. (a) type/ sort/ kind/ state/ condition (b) may/ can/ might (c) something/ anything (d) But/ Instead  (e) call/ deem/ consider (f) it/ this/ that (g) a (h) mental/ psychological/ cognitive (i) of (j) and 
6. h j b a d e c g i f or h j b  d a e c g i f

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