Part of Speech

A word is a “part of speech” only when it is used in a sentence. It can be classified in 8 types.

Part of speechFunctionExample words
1.      Noun (বিশেষ্য)thing or personpen, dog, town, London, teacher, John
2.      Pronoun (সর্বনাম)replaces a nounI, you, he, she, some
3.      Adjective (বিশেষণ)describes a noun/pronoungood, big, red, well, interesting
4.      Adverb (ভাব বিশেষণ)describes verb/adjective/adverbquickly, silently, well, very, really
5.      Verb (ক্রিয়া )action or statebe, have, do, like, work, sing, can, must
6.      Preposition (পদান্বয়ী অব্যয়)links a noun to another wordto, at, after, on, for, with, by
7.      Conjunction (সমুচ্চয়ী অব্যয়)joins clauses/sentences/wordsand, but, when, though, if, so, or
8.      Interjection (বিস্ময় সূচক )short exclamationoh!, ouch!, hi!, alas! hurrah!

Parts of Speech Exercise

You have to read the following sentences and underline the word or words that belong to the part of speech specified in the bracket.

An example is given below.

Question: She must have reached home. (verb)

Answer: She must have reached home.

  1. She went to the market and bought some eggs. (verb)
  2. I want to go now. (adverb)
  3. What are you doing there? (adverb)
  4. There is a mouse underneath the piano. (preposition)
  5. Masons build houses. (noun)
  6. John is my best friend. (proper noun)
  7. She looked up but didn’t see anything. (adverb)
  8. My family live in different parts of India. (collective noun)
  9. That was a difficult question. (adjective)
  10. She was very impressed with her results. (adverb)
  11. Although she is poor, she is happy. (conjunction)
  12. Have we bought enough chairs? (adjective)
  13. The policeman didn’t run fast enough to catch the thief. (adverb)

Answers

  1. She went to the market and bought some eggs. (verb)
  2. I want to go now. (adverb)
  3. What are you doing there? (adverb)
  4. There is a mouse underneath the piano. (preposition)
  5. Masons build houses. (noun)
  6. John is my best friend. (proper noun)
  7. She looked up but didn’t see anything. (adverb)
  8. My family live in different parts of India. (collective noun)
  9. That was a difficult question. (adjective)
  10. She was very impressed with her results. (adverb)
  11. Although she is poor, she is happy. (conjunction)
  12. Have we bought enough chairs? (adjective)
  13. The policeman didn’t run fast enough to catch the thief. (adverb)

Notes

The word enough can be an adjective and an adverb.

What part of speech are the underlined words?

  1. She thought of a wise plan.
  2. I want to go now.
  3. Where are you going?
  4. That was a lovely evening.
  5. My father works in a factory.
  6. She must be a stupid.
  7. Selena is my best friend.
  8. The dress was expensive; still I bought it.
  9. It is my doll.
  10. The sun gives us heat and light.
  11. Do it quickly.
  12. She went to the market to buy some vegetables.
  13. I helped him because I liked him.
  14. Jasmines are white in color.
  15. The cat is under the bed.
  16. You have to believe in yourself.
  17. We left for the mountain just before six in the morning.
  18. We first went to the store to buy a few things.
  19. We had a breakfast at a cafe near the rail station.  
  20. My friend wasn’t strong enough to lift.
  21. I helped him carry it.
  22. The weather was very cold.
  23. My friend said, “Oh! What a cold weather!”
  24. We didn’t spend the night there.
  25. We got back home late at night but we didn’t go to sleep immediately.
  26. We were very hungry.

 Part of speech: 

  1. Remember to drive safely
    2. Don’t talk like that.
    3. Sally and Tom are coming back soon.
    4. This is a pretty vase.
    5. Let’s do it.
    6. The cat is on the table.
    7. Oh, I didn’t know that.
    8. Do you want to go out or stay home?
    9. New York is a big city.
    10. I want the blue ball.
    11. We finished it yesterday.
    12. What am I going to do without you?
    13. He will come.
    14. Wow, those are great news!
    15. We have pens, pencil, notebooks and markers.
    16. They went into the hall. 
1. Let’s play another round.a) noun b) pronoun c) preposition d) adverb
2. I am in the process of collecting material.a) Verb b) Adjective c) Adverb d) Noun
3. Lovely comes here regularly.a) noun b) pronoun c) adjective d) adverb
4. This is the go of the world. ‘Go’a) verb b) noun c) adverb d) adjective 
5. This is my village.a) adverb b) noun c) conjunction d) adjective 
6. Handle with care.a) noun b) adjective c) pronoun d) verb
7. It needs to be done with care.a) noun b) adjective c) pronoun d) verb
8. We have rights and responsibilities.a) Adjective b) Verb c) Adverb d) Noun
9. One should do one’s duty.a) Noun b) Pronoun c) Adjective d) Adverb
10. He was a rather disagreeable man.a) Noun b) Adverb c) Adjective d) Preposition
11. Still waters run deep. a) Noun b) Pronoun c) Adjective d) Adverb 
12. I bought a very beautiful golden ring.a) adverb b) noun c) adjective d) noun adjective
13. We have a legendary past to be proud of.a) Adverb b) Noun c) Pronoun d) Adjective
14. A rolling stone gathers no moss.a) Gerund  b) Verbalnoun c) Participle d) Adjective
15. Sweet are the uses of adversity.a) noun b) adjective c) adverb d) verb
16. A teacher is popular among his students.a) noun b) adjective c) adverb d) verb
17. It is wrong to wrong anyone.a) verb b) adverb c) noun d)  adjective
18. Depression is often hereditary.a) Adverb b) Noun c) Adjective d) Verb
19. He gave me a beautiful diamond ring.a) appositive b) adjective c) adverb d) noun
20. This is a book of the English language.a) Adjective b) Noun c) Verb d) Adverb
21. I am a university student.a) Adverb b) Pronoun c) Adjective d) Noun
22. I walk because walking is good excercise.a) adjective b)  verb c) gerund d)  adverb
23. Mind your own business.a) verb b) noun c) adjective d) adverb
24. Try to better your condition.a) Adjective  b) Adverb c) Noun d) Verb
25. Can you smell gas?a) noun b) adjective c) verb d) adverb
26. Please do not look back.a) Pronoun b) Noun c) Adverb d) Adjective
27. The programme was telecast live.a) Noun b) Verb c) Adjective d) Adverb 
28. I know better.a) adjective b) noun c) adverb d) preposition
29. The boy writes well.a) adjective b) noun c) adverb d) preposition
30. Down went the Titanic.a) adjective b) noun c) adverb d) preposition
31. Please, come againa) verb b) Adverb c) conjunction d) pronoun 
32. He is little known.a) verb b) Adverb c) conjunction d) pronoun 
33. Akbar still works in that office. a) verb b) Adverb c) conjunction d) pronoun 
34. He has already finished his homework.a) verb b) Adverb c) conjunction d) pronoun 
35. After the storm comes the calm.a) Preposition b) Adverb c) conjunction d) pronoun 
36. None but the brave deserves the fair.a) Preposition b) Adverb c) conjunction d) pronoun 
37. He was only a yard off me.a) Preposition b) Adverb c) conjunction d) pronoun 
38. This mutton has too much fat on it.a) noun  b) verb c) adjective d) adverb

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Identify the correct part of speech for each listed  item in each sentences below. 

The weather was quite warm, so we walked lazily along the shady path near an old cemetery in the countryside.

The
Weather
was
quite
warm
so
we
walked
lazily
along
the
shady
path
near
an
old
cemetry
in
the
countryside

2. While Josephine nonchalantly ate her huge sandwich, we numbly watched a sly cat as it climbed almost imperceptibly onto the ledge by the sofa and rather greedily eyed a poor little mouse under the chair.

While
Josephine
was eating
nonchalantly
her
huge
Sandwich
we
numbly
watched
a
sly
cat
as
it
climbed
almost
imperceptibly
onto
the
ledge
by
the
sofa
and
rather
greedily
eyed
a
poor
little
mouse
under
the
chair 

Identify parts of speech.

  1. Hunter made a sandwich of brown lettuce, old mayonnaise, and stale bread
  2. The fat frog snatched flies from the air with its long tongue. 
  3. While she crunched salty pretzels, Peter, her brother, assembled the bicycle.
  4. After I dripped jam on his white shirt, he licked the fabric.
  5. We put a thick envelope under one leg of the tea table.  
  6. The guests found toothpaste and a clump of hair in the sink
  7. She sipped hot coffee and longed for weather when drinks were icy.
  8. I laced his shoes and smiled in anticipation of a long run.
  9. He studied the sentence but could not find the error in punctuation.
  10. The clown chased a dog around the ring and then fell flat on her face.
  11. The geese indolently waddled across the intersection.
  12. Trina finally arrived on time but forgot to bring her lucky blue pen.   
  13. Did you hear that Prof. Rahat cancelled class? Yippee! Now we are free for the afternoon. 
  14. The python escaped his small cage  again, and the cat has disappeared.
  15. Tell the chef that we will not eat brown lettuce with slimy tomatoes. 

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  1. I bought a beautiful dress at the mall.
  2. What did she ask you to do?
  3. I left my shoes under the kitchen table.
  4. If we finish our work quickly we can go to the movies.
  5. On Saturdays I work from nine to five.
  6. I want to go to a university in the United States.
  7. I’m sure I’ve met your girlfriend before.
  8. Well, I don’t think I’ll be home before 6.
  9. Andy knocked on the door but nobody answered.
  10. After lunch let’s go out for a coffee.

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