2023

Chattogram BOARD—2023
Part I : Reading (60 Marks)
1. Read the following text and answer the questions A and B.           

[Unit—6; Lesson—1(D)]
Dreams have fascinated philosophers for thousands of years, but only recently have dreams been subjected to empirical research and scientific study. Chances are that you’ve often found yourself puzzling over the content of a dream, or perhaps you’ve wondered why you dream at all.
First, let’s start by answering a basic question : What is a dream? A dream can include any of the images, thoughts and emotions that are experienced during sleep. Dreams can be extraordinarily vivid or very vague; filled with joyful emotions or frightening images, focused and understandable or unclear and confusing.
Why do we dream? What purpose do dreams serve? While many theories have been proposed about the reason and function of dreams, no consensus has emerged. Considering the time, we spend in a dreaming state, the fact that researchers do not yet understand the purpose of dreams may seem baffling. However, it is important to consider that science is still unravelling the exact purpose and function of sleep itself. Some researchers suggest that dreams serve no real purpose, while others believe that dreaming is essential to mental, emotional and physical well-being. Next, let’s learn more about some of the most prominent dream theories. Consistent with the psychoanalytic perspective, Sigmund Freud’s theory of dreams suggests that dreams are a representation of subconscious desires, thoughts and motivations. According to Freud, people are driven by aggressive and sexual instincts that are repressed from conscious awareness. While these thoughts are not consciously expressed, they find their way into our awareness via dreams. In his famous book, The Interpretation of Dreams, Freud wrote that dreams are “….. disguised fulfillments of repressed wishes.”
A. Choose the correct answer from the alternatives.                                                            1*5=5
(a) The word ‘fascinated’ mentioned in the passage means ——.
(i) unattractive          (ii) ugly            (iii) repulsive             (iv) captivated
(b) The word ‘puzzling’ mentioned in the passage means ——.
(i) witty    (ii) genuine    (iii) confusing    (iv) enlightening
(c) The word ‘vivid’ means ——.

(i) dull    (ii) weak   (iii) vague   (iv) clear
(d) The word ‘unravel’ mentioned in the passage means ——.
(i) knot    (ii) disclose     (iii) hide   (iv) challenge
(e) The word ‘repressed’ mentioned in the passage means ——.
(i) suppressed      (ii) inspired     (iii) encouraged     (iv) assist
B.    Answer the following questions.                                3*5=15
(a)    What purposes do dreams serve according to the researchers? Explain.
(b)    Define dream in your own words?
(c)    What is the difference between dream and nightmare?
(d)    What are the characteristics of dream according to the passage?
(e)    What is Sigmund Freud’s theory of dreams consistent with? What does it suggest?
2.    Read the following text and make a flow chart showing the situation of adolescent girls in Bangladesh. (No. 1 is done for you.) [Unit—9; Lesson—2 (B-iii+iv)]                                                                   1*5=5
In Bangladesh, the legal age of marriage for girls is 18. However, 33 percent of our girls get married before they are 15 and 60 percent of them become mothers by the time they reach 19. When a girl gets married, she usually drops out of school and thus loses her mobility. She gets confined to full-time work in her in-laws’ household. She loses social status and all the opportunities of economic independence. In her in-laws’ house, she gets marginalized. She becomes vulnerable to all sorts of abuse, including dowry-related violence. In Bangladesh, it is still a common practice for the bride’s family to pay dowry. Dowry demands can also continue even after marriage. An adolescent bride, even if her in-laws are supportive, faces enormous health risk during pregnancy and childbirth. Majority of our people are uninformed or insufficiently informed about contraception and reproductive health. This leads to increased mortality rates among adolescent brides during childbirth.  
1. Getting married early
3.     Summarize the following passage. [Unit—5; Lesson—3(C)]                                                       10
Education aims to bring about positive changes in our behavior. It helps us try to change our lives as well as the society we live in. Education that does not illuminate our minds or does not inspire us to work for the community is not complete at all. Education is not all about getting grades or receiving certificates. We use education to make life better. We are expected to apply the knowledge, skills and values that we learn in a classroom in our engagement with the world that lies outside. And we can do so in many different ways. Let’s have a look at how education works.
Learners’ civic engagement is highly appreciated all over the world. Civic engagement means working to make a difference in the civic life of the community using knowledge, skills, values and motivation. Civic engagement promotes the quality of life in a community by contributing to the improvement of health and well-being of the people.
4.    Read the following text and fill in the blanks with suitable words from the box. There are more words than needed. Make any grammatical change if necessary.                        .5*10=5
different, suffer, fertilizers, appear, environment, cause, diseases, afflicted, rural, severely, substances, alarm
Many diseases are rising at an (a) —— rate which experts believe is due to increased pollution of the environment. Some specialists believe that pollution (b) —— to be greater in urban areas. Though (c) —— societies too are (d) —— by increased use of chemical (e) —— and insecticides. Nevertheless, today city people appear to suffer from many more diseases and (f) —— more (g) —— than country people. Now, let us see how life in cities (h) —— from that in the country. Harmful
(i) —— in water and air are (j) —— environment pollution.
5.    Fill in the blanks with appropriate words in each gap.                                                1*10=10
Education is one of the basic needs of a human being. It is (a) —— for the (b) —— of mind. Many illiterate people do not have any (c) —— of health. If they (d) —— educated, they could live a (e) —— and planned life. Education teaches us how to live well. It (f) —— us to make the right
(g) —— in life. It enhances our (h) —— to perform our duties properly and (i) —— our everyday problems. In fact, it is education (j) —— brings positive change in our life.
6.    Rearrange the following sentences to make a coherent order.                                 1*10=10
(a)    He asked him where God is.
(b)    He praised him highly.
(c)    Once a lad went to a famous teacher.
(d)    The teacher thought highly of the boy’s understanding.
(e)    The lad replied that he would answer if he would tell where He is not.
(f)     The boy devoted himself to earning knowledge.
(g)    He begged to instruct him in the arts and science.
(h)    He agreed to teach the lad.
(i)     He expressed his desire to acquire knowledge.
(j)     The teacher wished to find out the ability of the boy.
Part II : Guided Writing (40 Marks)
7. The pie chart below shows the percentage of travellers in Bangladesh travelling in different transportation ways per day. Describe the pie chart in at least 150 words.            15
8. The following is the beginning of a story. Complete it in your own words.                        15
 There was a boy hailed from an obscure background. But he was brilliant, diligent and innovative. He ………………………….
9. Suppose, you are Mushfiq/Musfiqa and your friend is Sharif/Sharifa. Now, write a letter to your friend telling him/her what you intend to do after the HSC Examination and why.       10

DHAKA BOARD-2023
Part A: Grammar (60 Marks) ENGLISH (COMPULSORY) SECOND PAPER
1. Fill in the gaps with appropriate prepositions. .5×10-5
A good boy is accustomed (a) — hard work. He is not addicted (b) — any bad thing. He is not averse (c) — any hard work. He clings (d) — his determination. Since he is used (e) — hard work, he is not doubtful (f) — his success. He is very much conscious (g) — his duties. He is not boastful (h) — his talents. He behaves well (i) — all. He attends (j) — hard studies.
2. Complete the sentences with suitable phrase or words given in the box. .5×10=5
There, would rather, what does …..look like, as soon as, what’s it like, It, was born, have to, let alone, had better
(a) Time is very valuable. We — utilize time properly.
(b) I — take a taxi than walk home. It is already too late.
(c) Long ago — lived a mighty king Kubla Khan. He built an amazing palace in deep dark forest.
(d) — watching a horror film at midnight? You are really scared.
(e) It is winter. You — buy a coat.
(f) — the balcony —? It looks very beautiful but it is really small.
(g) Bangladesh — as an independent state on 16 December 1971 after nine months bloody war against the occupation Pakistan Army.
(h) — was in China that the art of Bonsai originated perhaps more than 1000 years ago.
(i) I cannot ride a bicycle — a motor cycle. I have no money to buy any of them.
(j) — the rain stopped, I started for home.
3. Complete the sentences with suitable clauses/phrases. 1×10=10
(a) Honesty is the best policy. If you maintain honesty, —.
(b) English is an international language. I wish —.
(c) It is a long time since —.
(d) He talks too much while doing his work. I don’t like people who …
(e) The beggar was very hungry. No sooner had he got a piece of loaf on the road than
(f) The old man is very weak —. He is walking slowly.
(g) A student should not memorize any answer blindly. If he memorizes the answer without knowing the meaning, —.
(h) Corruption is the main hindrance to the development of our country. It is high time —.
(i) Had I earned enough money, —.
(j) My brother will come to Rajshahi from Dhaka. So, I have to go to station with a view to —.
4. Read the text and fill in the gaps with the correct forms of verbs and subject-verb agreement as context. .5×14=7
Student life is the best time for (a) ____ (prepare) ourselves for future. It is (b) ___ (call) the seed time of life. So during this period of life students mustn’t (c) ____ (waste) time. The main pursuit of the students (d) ___ (be) study. They should prepare themselves for the life (e) ____ (lie) ahead. They should also (f) ____ (participate) in co-curricular activities. By (g) ___ (read) newspaper they will know what (h) ____ (happen) in the world. When the country (i) ____ (face) with a natural calamity, they should (j) ____ (come) forward with a view to (k) ____ (remove) the sufferings of the affected people. Even in normal times they (l) ____ (engage) themselves in acts of social service. The students con not do well in the examination without (m) ____ (work) hard. It is a pity that many students are trying to (n) ___ (succeed) in the shortest and easiest way. 
5. Change the narrative style by using indirect speech. 7
“Where will you get admission after your HSC Examination? Do you have any choice?” said the teacher to Susmita. “I’m not yet sure what I have to do because everything depends on my result.” “You should have a choice. Be positive and optimistic.” 
Answer: The teacher asked Susmita where she would get admission after her HSC Examination and if she had any choice. Susmita replied that she was not sure yet about what she had to do because everything depended on her result. The teacher encouraged her to have a choice and to remain positive and optimistic.
6. Read the following text and use modifiers as directed in the blank spaces. .5×10=5
Cricket is an (a) ___ (pre-modify the noun) game. It is not a game of (b) ___ (use possessive to pre-modify the noun) country. A (c) ___ (use a noun adjective to pre-modify the noun) match is played between two teams. (d) ____ (use a distributive pronoun to per-modify the noun) team consists of eleven players. A cricket field must be (e) ____ (post modify the noun). It requires two wooden bats, a ball & two sets of stamps. (f) ____ (use a numeral adjective to pre-modify the noun) umpires conduct the game. Sometimes, a third umpire is required (g) ____ (use an infinitive to post-modify the verb) an acute confusion. (h) ___ (use a participle to pre-modify the noun) the opportunity, the batter hits the ball away at a good distance and runs to the opposite wicket. If (i) ___ (use an indefinite pronoun to pre-modify the noun) batter is out, next batter comes in his place. Both teams try (j) ____ (use an adverbial phrase to post modify) to out all batters of the opposite. 
Answer: (a) international /elite; (b) our; (c) cricket; (d) Each; (e) well-maintained; (f) Two; (g) to resolve/ clear; (h) Having/Taking; (i) any; (j) hard enough.
7. Use appropriate sentence connectors in the blank spaces of the following passage. .5×14-7 Happiness is a relative term. (a) ____ it depends upon some factors. (b) ____, contentment is the key to happiness. (c) ____ contentment varies from person to person. (d)____, a beggar may be contented with only ten taka. (e) ____ a wealthy person may be dissatisfied even after getting one million taka. (f) ____, it is said that contentment brings happiness. (g) ____, we must learn to be contented with what we have. (h) ____ this learning is the simplest way to remain happy. (i) ____, we must remember that our life is short. (j) ____ in this short life we cannot get everything (k) ____ we want. (l) ____ we want everything; we will not get happiness. (m) ____ we will get frustrated and we will plunge into the world of sadness. (n) ___, it is always better to be contented with what we have than to live in eternal sadness. 
Answer: (a) As; (b)Moreover/Furthermore/Also; (c) However; (d) For example/for instance; (e) Meanwhile/On the other hand; (f) Consequently/As a result; (g)Therefore; (h) Actually/In fact; (i) Additionally; (j) However; (k) even if; (l) If; (m) Rather; (n) Therefore
CHATTOGRAM BOARD–2023
ENGLISH (COMPULSORY) Second Paper
Part A: Grammar (60 Marks)
1.Complete the text with suitable prepositions. .5*10=5
Corruption is a curse (a) —— a nation. It is a great hindrance (b) —— development. (c) —— corrupt people, a nation will surely sink (d) —— oblivion. Corrupt people are hated by all. The common people have no respect (e) —— them. They are devoid (f) —— honesty. They stick (g) —— their evil activities. They do not abide (h) —— the social rules. Morality does not have any effect (i) —— them. They bring nothing for the nation. It is high time we stood (j) —— them.
2.Complete the sentences with suitable phrases/words given in the box. .5*10=5
as soon ashad betterhas towould ratherwhat’s it likewhat does …… look likethereitwas bornlet alone
(a) A good citizen —— perform a lot of things. These things will enable him to become a true patriot.
(b) —— is no fish here. It’s a swimming pool.
(c) Mr. Habib is an honest man. He —— starve than take bribe.
(d) —— walking alone through a forest? I had never faced such a situation.
(e)  —— she finished her work, she called her father.
(f)  Sumi : Mom, —— a fox ——?                 Mother : Well, it is somewhat like dog.
(g) He is very miserly. He doesn’t help his neighbours, —— the villagers.
(h) I went to my village home on foot. —— took me two hours to reach there.
(i) The weather is getting worse. I —— start for home. My parents will be anxious for me.
(j) Tennyson was a great victorian poet. He —— in England.
3. Complete the sentences using suitable clauses/phrases. 1´10=10
(a) We take physical exercise so that ——.
(b) Air is polluted in many ways. It is high time ——.
(c) Prosperity does not come in one’s life automatically. If ——, you can’t prosper in life.
(d) Time is very important in our life. You can’t succeed in life unless ——.
(e) He wrote very quickly. He had finished the exam before the ——.
(f) A village doctor is a person who ——. He is the best friend to the villagers.
(g) We all are attracted to gold. But —— is not gold.
(h) I am fond of cricket. I wish ——.
(i) He walks slowly lest ——.
(j) He is dull headed. The poem is too difficult ——.              
4. Read the text and fill in the gaps with the correct form of verbs as per subject and context.    .5*14=7
While (a) —— (eat) food, we should (b) —— (bear) in mind that we don’t eat just to (c) —— (satisfy) hunger or to (d) —— (fill) the belly. We eat to (e) —— (preserve) our health. For good health, a man (f) —— (eat) good food. Sometimes, it so (g) —— (happen) that people who (h) —— (live) even in the midst of plenty do not (i) —— (eat) the food they need for good health. Actually, they (j) —— (have) no knowledge of health and nutrition. They don’t know how to (k) —— (select) a balanced diet from the many foods that (l) —— (be) available to them. Besides, foods are being (m) —— (adulterate) in many ways nowadays. So, it is high time we (n) —— (select) right kind of foods for avoiding health hazard.
5.  Change the narrative style by using indirect speeches.   7  
“What’s your dream? Do you have any dream?” said Zayed. “Yes, I have a dream. My dream is a full plate of rice.” said Robi. “Come with me. I am going to materialize your dream.” “How kind you are!” said Robi.
6. Read the following text and use modifiers in the blank spaces as directed.            .5´10=5
We know that (a) —— (use quantifier to pre-modify the noun) species are important for maintaining (b) —— (pre-modify the noun) balance. If one is lost, the whole natural environment changes (c) —— (post-modify the verb). In order to protect the environment from being spoilt, we should protect (d) —— (use possessive to pre-modify the noun) wildlife. (e) —— (use determiner to pre-modify the noun phrase) good news is that many countries are taking action (f) —— (use infinitive phrase to post-modify the verb). George Lay Cock, (g) —— (use appositive to post-modify the noun) writes, “Mankind must develop a concern for wild creatures and determine that (h) —— (use demonstrative to pre-modify the noun) wild species will not perish (i) —— (use prepositional phrase as post-modifier). We have to save wild animals (j) —— (use relative clause as post-modifier).
7. Use appropriate sentence connectors in the blank spaces of the following passage.          .5´14=7
Early rising is one of the best habits (a) —— a man can possess. (b) ——, the benefits of early rising are many. (c) ——, if we get up early, we get enough time to work. (d) ——, we can enjoy the fresh air of the morning which refreshes our body and mind. (e) ——, we can take some exercises or a walk. (f) ——, in the morning nature smiles with colourful flowers and chirping of birds. (g) ——, early rising takes us to close contact with wonderful world of nature. (h) ——, if we do not get up early in the morning, we will suffer a lot. (i) ——, we do not have enough time to do our work. (j) ——, we cannot finish our work in time. (k) ——, late rising from bed tells upon our health. (l) ——, we can never enjoy the freshness of nature. (m) ——, early rising keeps us safe and sound both physically and mentally. (n) ——, we should make a habit of early rising.
8. Read the passage below and then write the synonym or antonym of the words as directed. .5´14=7
A good writer may be a good reader. A good reader may be a good speaker or make a good recitation. Nothing of this is impossible for a man if he is not lazy. The main thing is sinceritySeriousness should also be taken under consideration. If a man is serious, he can make impossible possible. If we become serious in our intention, we can shine in life. Otherwise, we will suffer a lot and our life will fill up with unhappiness.
(a) writer (synonym); (b) good (antonym); (c) speaker (synonym); (d) recitation (synonym); (e) impossible (synonym); (f) lazy (antonym); (g) sincerity (antonym); (h) seriousness (synonym); (i) consideration (synonym); (j) possible (antonym); (k) intention (synonym); (l) shine (synonym); (m) suffer (synonym); (n) unhappiness (antonym).
9. There are fourteen errors in the use of punctuation marks in the following text. Rewrite the text correcting the errors.          .5´14=7
Student: May I come in Sir
Principal: Yes come in. What is your problem
Student : I want to change my 4th subject Sir.
Principal: Why
Student : Sir Mathematics is now my 4th subject but it seems to me very difficult. So I want to take biology instead of Mathematics.  
Principal: Do you think biology is an easy subject
Student : Not easy. Sir but easier than mathematics.
Principal : Ok Write an application. Remember your application must be endorsed by your guardian. Otherwise, it will not be accepted.
Part B : Composition (40 Marks)
10.  Suppose, you are a student of ‘X’ College. There is no multimedia classroom in your college. Now, write an application to the Principal for setting up multimedia classrooms.          10
11. Write a paragraph on “The War of Independence of Bangladesh” within 200 words.      15
12.  Write a paragraph on “Environment Pollution” mentioning its causes and effects within 200 words.

Part A : Grammar
1. Use of prepositions (a) to/of; (b) to; (c) For; (d) into; (e) for; (f) of; (g) to; (h) by; (i) on; (j) against.
2. Use of phrases/words        (a) has to; (b) There; (c) would rather; (d) What’s it like; (e) As soon as; (f) what’s does …… look like; (g) let alone; (h) It; (i) had better; (j) was born.
3. Completing sentences (a)    We take physical exercise so that we can keep our body fit. (b)    Air is polluted in many ways. It is high time we stopped air pollution. (c)    Prosperity does not come in one’s life automatically. If you do not work hard, you can’t prosper in life. (d)    Time is very important in our life. You can’t succeed in life unless you utilize your time properly. (e)    He wrote very quickly. He had finished the exam before the final bell rang. (f)    A village doctor is a person who treats the sick villagers. He is the best friend to the villagers. (g)    We all are attracted to gold. But all that glitters is not gold. (h)   I am fond of cricket. I wish I were a cricketer/I could be a cricket player in our national team. (i)    He walks slowly lest he should fall down on the wet and slippery road. (j)    He is dull headed. The poem is too difficult for him to understand it fully.
4. Right form of verbs        (a) eating; (b) bear; (c) satisfy; (d) fill; (e) preserve; (f) should eat; (g) happens; (h) live; (i) eat; (j) have; (k) select; (l) are; (m) adulterated; (n) selected.
5. Changing the form of speech Zayed asked Robi what his (R) dream was. He (Z) again asked him if he (R) had any dream. Robi tenderly replied in the affirmative that he (R) had a dream. He (R) added that his (R) dream was a full plate of rice. Instantly, Zayed told him (R) to go with him (Z). He (Z) added that he (Z) was going to materialize his (R) dream. Robi exclaimed in wonder that he (Z) was very kind.
6. Use of modifiers        (a) all; (b) ecological; (c) often for worse/greatly/certainly; (d) our; (e) The; (f) to protect their endangered species; (g) author of several books on wildlife; (h) these; (i) owing to our callousness; (j) that save ourselves.
7. Use of sentence connectors        (a) that; (b) However/In fact/ Truly speaking; (c) Firstly/First; (d) Secondly; (e) Thirdly;
(f) Besides/Moreover; (g) Thus/So; (h) On the contrary/Contrarily/On the other hand; (i) Firstly;
(j) Secondly; (k) Thirdly; (l) Moreover; (m) Thus; (n) So/Therefore/Hence.
Use of synonym and antonym        (a) author; (b) bad; (c) lecturer/orator; (d) rendering/recital/reading/narration; (e) unachievable /unattainable/unfeasible/impracticable; (f) active/industrious/diligent/ persevering;
(g) insincerity/indifference/apathy; (h) sincerity/solemnity/earnestness/ commitment/resolution; (i) thought/mind/mentality; (j) impossible; (k) desire/wish/aim; (l) prosper/thrive/progress;
(m) endure/experience; (n) happiness.
8. Use of punctuation marks
Student     :   May I come in, Sir?
Principal    :   Yes, come in. What is your problem?
Student     :   I want to change my 4th subject, Sir.
Principal    :   Why?
Student     :   Sir, Mathematics is now my 4th subject, but it seems to me very difficult. So,I want to take Biology instead of Mathematics.
Principal    :   Do you think Biology is an easy subject?
Student     :   Not easy, sir, but easier than Mathematics.
Principal    :   OK. Write an application. Remember, your application must be endorsed by your guardian; otherwise, it will not be accepted.
DINAJPUR BOARD-2023
ENGLISH COMPULSORY) SECOND PAPER  
1. Fill in the blanks with suitable prepositions: 
Drug addiction has become a serious problem (a) ____ modern society. Many young men and women are falling victims (b) ____ this. There are many reasons (c) ____ drug addiction. Drugs are expensive. So, to manage money, the addicts often go (d) ____ stealing, killing or all sorts of misdeeds. Drugs are smuggled (e) ____ a country and the smugglers carry (f) ____ drug business freely. Bangladesh is not free (g) ____ the curse of drugs. But we cannot allow this (h) ____ our country. The first thing to do is to highlight its dangerous effects (i) ___ people. The government and mass media can play an effective role (j) ____ this respect. 
2. Complete the sentences with suitable phrases/words given in the box
(a) Your performance is not satisfactory. You will — be it careful in future.  
(b) X is an honest man. He — die than steal.  
(c) I am a poor student. cannot buy my necessary books, set. by necessary books, — a smartphone.   (d) You have failed in the test examination. You — start reading attentively from today.  
(e) Madhusudan Dutta is an epic poet. He — at Sagardari in Jashore.  
(f) I had a bad luck. — I reached the station, the train left.  
(g) — the Bay of Bengal — ? My friend is going there for a Visit tomorrow.  
(h)—  it travelling by an air? I have no idea about it.  
3. Complete the sentences with suitable clauses/phrases. 1×10=10
a. Honesty is the best policy. The people who are honest always succeed in the long run.             .
b. Because of greenhouse effect, the climate is changing all over the world.                   .
c. You cannot shine in life  if you do not work hard.         .
d. Overeating is harmful to health. It is high time we changed our food habit.              .
e.There goes a proverb that morning shows the day.             .
f. I work hard although I have limitations.                  .
g. No sooner had I reached the college  then the class started.                            .
h.There are so many poor people in our country. I wish I could help them.                      .
i. In spite of having all facilities, the boy failed to success.      .
j. The old man who is sitting there is my grandfather.

4. Read the following text and fill the gaps with correct form of verbs as per subject and context. Deforestation (a) ___ (mean) cutting down trees at random. It (b) ___ (cause) mainly by a group of dishonest people. They cut trees (c) ____ (make) profit. Ordinary people also (d) ___ (use) trees as fuel and furniture. Because of (e) ___ (cut) more and more trees, we are going (f) ___ (face) a great danger in the coming future. We (g) ___ (know) that oxygen (h) ___ (supply) by trees for animals Without (i) ___ (take) oxygen, we cannot live a single moment. If trees (j) ____ (cut) down in this way, the amount of carbon dioxide (k) ____ (increase) in the atmosphere. As a result, the heat (l) ____ (rise). It (m) ____(call) greenhouse effect. (n) ____ (enjoy) a peaceful life, we must plant more and more trees. 
Answer: (a) means; (b) is caused; (c) to make; (d) use; (e) cutting; (f) to face; (g) know; (h) is supplied; (i) taking; (j) are cut; (k) will increase; (l) will rise; (m) is called; (n) To enjoy
5. Change the form of narrative style by using indirect speeches: 
“Why do you stop me?” asked Rubel. “Have I done any wrong?” “You are driving so fast. It is not the rule,” said the traffic sergeant. “Sorry Sir. My mother is in the hospital. So, I am in a hurry,” said Rubel.  Answer: Rubel asked the traffic sergeant why he (T) stopped him (R). He also asked whether/if he (R) had done any wrong. The traffic sergeant replied that he (R) was driving so fast and said that it was not the rule. Rubel apologized respectfully and told him (Ts) that his (R) mother was in the hospital. He further said that he was in a hurry for this reason.  
6. Read the following text and use modifiers as directed in the blank spaces. 5×10-5
An (a) ____ (pre-modify the noun) student is he, who has (b) ____ (use a quantifier to pre-modify the noun) good qualities. he studies (c) ____ (post modify the verb). He knows that the (d) ____ (pre-modify the noun) duty of a student is to study. So, he never neglects (e) ____ (use a possessive) duty. He even makes the proper use of (f) ___ (use a determiner to pre-modify the noun) moment. Sabuj. (g)___ (post modify the noun with an appositive) of our class is an example of a good student. Sabuj is (h) ___ (pre-modify the adjective) helpful to us. I try (i) ____ (modify the verb with an infinitive) a boy like Sabuj. I want to be one of the (j) ____ (pre-modify the noun) stars in the class.
Answer: (a) ideal; (b) many; (c) regularly; (d) main; (e) his; (f) every; (g) a student; (h) very; (i) to be; (j) brightest
7. Use appropriate sentence connectors in the blank spaces of the following passage:  
A cyclone is a devastating storm in Bangladesh that moves at a high speed. (a) ___  it causes immense harm to people and property. (b) ___ the inhabitants of coastal regions are the main victims of cyclone. (c) ___ the cyclone of Bangladesh originates from the Bay of Bengal. (d) ___ it is accompanied by thunders and heavy showers. (e) ____ unbearable heat is felt for a few days. (f) ____one day the sky becomes terribly dark and strong winds begin to blow. (g)____a terrible situation is created that lasts for hours. (h) ___ it causes a great havoc causing death to people and other animals. (i) ___  dwelling houses are blown away. (j) ____ the cyclone is followed by scarcity of food and outbreak of various diseases. (k) ____ the great loss caused by cyclone can be reduced. (l) ____prior warning can be given to people using modern technology of weather forecast. (m) ____ people and domestic animals of the cyclone-prone areas can be shifted to cyclone shelters. (n) ____ a quick relief work and medical facilities should be ensured. 
Answer: (a) Moreover; (b) Specifically/ Specially; (c) Actually / Mainly; (d) Moreover / Also; (e) Beforehand; (f) Suddenly / Later; (g) Then / Ultimately; (h) Eventually; (i) As a result; (j) Subsequently; (k) However; (l) Firstly / For example; (m) Secondly / Besides / additionally; (n) Finally / Moreover  

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